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Global Health Research Methods

Global Health Research Methods
by

Stephanie Maestre

on 3 November 2013

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Transcript of Global Health Research Methods

Driving While Distracted
Background
Specific Aims/Goals
Research Methods
Discussion
Subjects
Questionaire
Demographic information
Examples: How many times texting while driving per week?
Do you think texting while driving is bad?
Stephanie Maestre
Top ten causes of death in the world (WHO, 2010)
Distraction from cell phone use while driving (hand held or hands free) extends a driver's reaction as much as having a blood alcohol concentration at the legal limit of .08 percent. (University of Utah)
Drivers that use cell phones are four times as likely to get into crashes serious enough to injure themselves. (NHTSA, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety)
“When we ask people to identify the most dangerous distraction on the highway today, about half correctly identify cellphones,” said Bill Windsor, associate vice president for safety at Nationwide. “But they think others are dangerous, not themselves.”
Gain more knowledge from this generation’s behavior while driving distracted
Understand reasons why this generation uses their cell phone or get distracted by a cell phone
Understand if the leading causes of traffic accidents are from cell phone usage
And in hope to lessen the amount of traffic accidents in the world, which lessen amount of deaths in the world
Not much data collected for this age group (16-24 yr. olds)
DESIGN
Descriptive study
Selecting Participants:
Cluster random sampling i
in U.S. high schools
Planned Analyses:
-simple calculations:
calculating means and variation
-performing t-tests to determine statistical significance of findings
Expected Findings
Expect a high percentage of participants using cell phones while driving because
1) need to contact someone in which they need a response from (meeting someone at place X)
2) they simply cannot stop themselves from looking at the phone when the sound goes off and/or light goes on
3) expect a higher amount of participants texting while driving than previous findings
Weaknesses and Ethical Issues
consenting minors might be difficult, esp. if parents do not consent
Questions?
Full transcript