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Chapter 26: WW2
Transcript of Chapter 26: WW2
Battle of the Bulge Battle of Great Britain Battle of Stalingrad D-Day Tuskegee Airmen War in the Pacific President Truman Holocaust Final Solution genocide
Atomic bomb Hiroshima Yalta Conference Nuremberg Trials United Nations
Fascism Nazism Imperialism
Nazi Party (NSP)
Axis/ Allied Powers blitzkreig
DBQ on CHapter 26:
Essential Questions for the Chapter:
Ch. 27- The Cold War
Ch 26- World War II
Ch. 25- The Great Depression
1.What events led to the outbreak of World War II?
2.What caused the US to move from neutrality to full involvement in the war?
3.How did the home front prepare for and participate in WWII?
- Propaganda/Preparing for War - Japanese Camps in US
4.How did the Allies win the war and what effects did the war have on the world?
- Important battles
-Final Surrender/Atomic Bomb
Neutrality Act 1935
Selective Service Act-1940
War Production Board Propaganda
Japanese Internment Camps
By the 1930’s, powerful dictators had risen to power in a number of nations. Their aggressive attempts to conquer new lands led to the largest war the world has ever seen. After attempting to remain neutral, the United States became involved in war and eventually emerges as a major world power. In this chapter you will learn about America’s involvement in World War II.
" The seeds of World War II were sown earlier in the 20th century".
At the end of Chapter 23: WW1, we learned the meaning of this quote. Describe the meaning of this quote in 1 sentence. Then give an example of how the "seeds of WW2" were planted in 1919.
Question of the Day: What events led to the outbreak of World War II?
The Rise of "Ism's"
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Trying to avoid war: Munich Conference
The Rise of Dictators
A ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
Reasons for Rise of Dictators
-3. Germany, Japan, Italy felt betrayed by
Treaty of Versailles
-War guilt clause
-Loss of territory
-2. WWI ended
without a decisive victory
Soviet Union= Communism
controls every aspect of life:
-No free press or speech
-Dissent is not tolerated
Nazism, Fascism, Communism
are all totalitarian
dictator of Italy
-Promise return to
corruption and chaos
-Violent group made to force loyalty to Mussolini
-Seized power from
complete control of society
dictator of Soviet Union
-Japan ruled by military
was main leader
Ruler of Japan:
-Wanted equality with
Fascism: dictatorship that focuses on the gov't and finds it as most important
Nazism= form of Fascism, but focuses on race
-Hitler’s plan for ruling Germany
-Argued Jews should be eliminated
-Promised return to German greatness
= dictator of Germany
Joined Nazi Party (National Socialist Party)
Beer Hall Putsch
-Hitler’s attempt to
take over German government
-It failed and Hitler
while in jail
Communism- a system of gov't in which the country is controlled by one party and everything is public property.
collective ownership of property
of those who opposed Stalin
-people not allowed to
think for themselves
-Germany sends troops into
Rhineland (territory bt Germany and Belgium, originally forbidden through the TOV), also annexes Austria
England, France give Germany
(territories in Czechoslovakia)
giving into the demands of an aggressor to get peace
**As long as
Germany agrees to
stop taking territories
to focus only on West
USSR and Germany agree
not to fight each other
Secretly agree to
=The taking of foreign land by force
- Japan invades and takes parts of
under their control
- Italy invades
-Hitler demanded that
to Germany because it had Germans
wanted to fight
Needed support of
England and France
DO NOW: Analyze the following cartoon and in one sentence describe the point it's trying to make.
Question of the day:
What caused the US to move from neutrality to full involvement in the war?
Appeasement Fails: Start of WWII
US Stays Neutral
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
- Hitler ignores the
Munich agreement, takes over the rest of Czechoslovakia and sets his eyes on Poland
- GB and France vow to go to war with Germany if
they invade Poland
September 1st, 1939- Germany invades Poland
- official start of WWII
" Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars." -FDR 1940
- FDR wants to support GB, but stay out of war
- Passes the
in March of 1941- which allows the US to
aid any foreign country defending democracy
- sends billions of dollars worth of
weapons, tanks, and food to GB
Allied Powers vs. Axis Powers
- the US urges Japan to
withdraw and freezes
Japanese funds in US Banks
-Japan knows only the
can stop them
- Japan attacks
European colonies in the Pacific, for resources
December 7, 1941
" A day that will live in infamy"
- Japanese attack
US Navy stationed in Pearl Harbor Hawaii with no warning
- Japan hoped US would agree
to peace- December 8th,
war on Japan
Great Britain, Soviet Union, USA, France
Compare and Contrast
details of the events
Who? What? Where? When? Why?
US gov't reaction
People's reaction towards certain groups
Question of the day:
How did the home front prepare for and participate in WWII?
War Effort: War Production Board
War Effort: Rationing
War Effort: Women
War Effort: Minorities
MOBILIZING FOR WAR:
en and Women
- an gov't department
created to mobilize the US for WW2
Under the WPB:
factories ran 24 hours a day
unemployment rates fell from 25% to 1%
agricultural production soared
bans were created to conserve items for the troops
money was raised through the sale of war bonds
In 1942- The WPB began a system of "rationing"- having the American people
conserve certain items at home that were needed for war.
-rubber * the Dutch East Indies were taken over by Japan, which produced 95% of our rubber
-families received rationing
books, to make sure goods were spread out evenly
Men left for army, so j
obs become available for wo
WW2 Job Opportunities for Wo
- non combat military: tested military equipment like planes
-served as Army and Navy nurses
-filled men's jobs: taxi drivers, elevator operators, etc.
-Worked in factories producing weapons, ships, jeeps
- African Americans continued to
move to northern cities to fill factory jobs
in getting hired and also in the armed services
- FDR issued an order prohibiting
discrimination in gov't and companies producing war goods
Executive Order 9066
: allowed the US gov't to begin the process of
internment of Japanese Americans due to the fear and suspicion of the American public
15,000 Japanese Americans were removed from their homes and placed in camps
-images of the enemy
-how they could do their part
-images of men at war
Look at the following piece of propaganda from the WW2 Era. In 2 sentences or more describe the message the artist is trying to make and what images they use to get this point across.
Question of the day:
How did the Allies win the war and what effects did the war have on the world?
A Two-Front War
New Aspects of War
The War's End
The following is a political cartoon by Dr. Seuss from 1942. Explain what's going on in the cartoon and what point Dr. Seuss is trying to make.
"Eastern" Hemisphere Front
= Europe, Russia, and Northern Africa
=Islands in the Pacific
By 1941- Axis Powers controlled 11 countries and 70 million people
Strategically wanted for resources= oil
Mainly carried out by US vs. Japan
Hong Kong, Guam, Phillipines, Midway, Wake, all controlled by Japan
Key Battle Turning Points in WW2
Battle of Midway
Battle of Stalingrad
Battle of El Alamein
Invasion of Italy
D-Day: Invasion of Normandy
Battle of the Bulge
Midway Island, Pacific
- US codebreakers were able to determine "what, where, when and how" of the Japanese attack.
-4 Japanese aircraft carriers and 1 cruiser were destroyed.
Turning Point bc:
- Japan couldn't replace their loss of ships and the US began "island hopping" and taking back territories lost in the Pacific
August 1942- Feb 1943
-Germany wanted to capture Stalingrad- bombed the city to rubble
-Russian winter weakened German forces- Allied Victory
- Entire city was turned into a battle field- over 2 million casualties
Turning Point bc:
was the most strategically decisive battle of the whole war: left the Eastern front of Germany open to USSR attack
El Alamein, Egypt
What happened+ Why it's a Turning Point:
- Allied forces stopped the Axis Powers from gaining control of the Suez Canal and Middle Eastern oil fields
- Benito Mussolini had been overthrown by Italians on Sep. 8, 1943
-Allied forces still invaded as planned
Turning Point bc:
Italy is out of the war
June 6, 1944
-within weeks: 1 million troops invade, 140,000 vehicles, 570,000 tons of supplies
-initial day- 150,000 troops invade France
-invasion planned by Allied Powers to take back France and invade 5 beaches
Turning Point bc:
Allied Troops capture France back
Dec 1944- Jan 1945
Belgium, Lux., and Germany
- Hitler's last gamble
-fatigued, low on weapons, oil, and troops, Germans are pushed back into Germany
-largest bloodiest battle the US fought in the war: 89,000 injured or dead
Winston Churchill FDR Joseph Stalin
GB USA USSR
Blitzkrieg-a high concentration of
tanks, infantry, artillery, combat engineers and air power,
concentrating overwhelming force at high speed to break through enemy lines-
working together as a team.
suicide attacks by Japanese air forces against the Allies in the Pacific,
nearly 4,000 were sacrificed
US plan to develop
atomic bomb – led by Einstein and Oppenheimer
"Little Boy" is dropped on Hiroshima
Three days later,
"Fat Man" is dropped on Nagasaki.
refuses to surrender
3 atomic bombs
Hiroshima - Before
Hiroshima - After
September 8 1945
Japan surrenders on USS Missouri
its the systematic and deliberate mass killing of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group.
GI Bill of Rights
Provided education costs for veterans
s world economic, military and political superpower
Results of War
60 million killed
Establish precedent that
leaders and military people responsible for wartime actions
Trial to punish
Nazis for Holocaust and crimes against humanity.
DO NOW: How can the following quotes guide us in our understanding as we study the Holocaust? (in other words, how do you think they will relate to our study of the Holocaust?)
"The world is too dangerous to live in – not because of the people who do evil, but because of the people who sit and let it happen." -Albert Einstein
“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing.” – Edmund Burke
Take a look at the following political cartoon and explain what you think it means.
FOF: Pick a number and a color.
1. What is a totalitarian government?
2. Give three examples of types of totalitarian gov'ts that existed before WWII.
3. What was the point of the Munich Agreement?
Opinion: Which dictator has the best mustache and why?
How should we remember the dropping of the atomic bomb?
Does the mustache make the dictator?
Read the following political cartoon and answer the questions that follow.
1. Who is Joe?
2. What do you think this cartoon suggests about Russia and Germany's pact, later in the war?
Write it: Tell me everything you know about the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan at the end of WW2.
Today as a class we are going to choose an image that will go on a United Nations website commemorating the dropping of the atomic bomb.
With any story there are many different ways of telling a story.
First we are going to read two historical narratives of the dropping of the atomic bombs in Japan. Read and answer the questions that follow.
The class will be divided into two sides:
The American Experience
The Japanese Experience
Using the document packets provided
Will argue with evidence to prove as to why America was RIGHT to drop the atomic bomb.
Will argue with evidence to prove that America was WRONG to drop the atomic bomb.
Members from each side will now meet together and discuss their sides.
Together as a combined American Experience and Japanese Experience group decide:
Was dropping the atomic bomb the right thing to do?
Together, the group has to decide which image they think should be selected
to represent the dropping of the atomic bomb on a United Nations website.
*But first we must understand the feelings of both sides: America vs. Japan
1. Read the quote below and in your own words explain the point Elie Wiesel is trying to make.
I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.
2. Relate Elie Wiesel's quote to our study of "The Terrible Things" (in ELA) and "First They came for the Jews" (in SS).
DO NOW- Draw this Venn Diagram in your notes and complete.
Popular Weapons of WW2 By Country
Five of the Most Bizarre Weapons
Germany surrenders on May 8, 1945.
The US urges Japan to surrender and accept the terms of surrender or they will face
"prompt and utter destruction."
Japan chooses to completely ignore this and does not respond.
US continue to plan
the invasion of Japan, which was estimated to cost between
150-250k US casualties.