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Gender Identity & Expression Map

Explore our interactive map to discover the many different but related identities and expressions that make up the idea of “gender.”
by

Antonia Clifford

on 18 March 2015

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Transcript of Gender Identity & Expression Map

Butch
GEnder Identity & Expression
Beyond The Binary
Masculinity
A set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with
boys and men. Masculinity is socially constructed, and is not
the same as male sex assigned at birth.
What's MISSING:
Sexual Orientations (e.g. Lesbian, Bi, Gay, Demisexual)
Why: Sexual orientation is who you are attracted to or have sex with - in other words, its mostly about who THEY are, not who YOU are. You can have a "gay" sexual orientation and identify as a Man, or as a Bear, or as Butch. You can identify as Genderless, but still have a sexual orientation.

Pronouns (e.g. His, Hers, Their, Zie, Hir...)
Why: Knowing someone's gender identity doesn't necessarily mean you know their pronoun. Someone who identifies as Genderqueer might use male, female, neutral, or other pronouns. The best way to know what pronoun to use is to ask, in a respectful way.

Sex Roles: Top, Bottom, Verse, etc.
Why: These terms are more commonly used to refer to sexual roles, e.g. the position or way someone acts specifically during sex.

Gender Identities from outside the United States, or Terms in Languages other than English
Why: While we've included gender identities from several contexts, such as Two-Spirit and Third Gender, we decided not to include a full range of global gender identities, or a long list of gender identities in other languages. Because each society may have unique understandings of gender, we would have needed a 3 dimensional map to include a full range of International gender identities! We also acknowledge that we are not experts on gender across many contexts.

XYZ Gender Identity/Expression!
Why: We tried to include everything here, but we may have missed some identities. Help us learn by emailing us what's missing at impact@impactprogram.org !
Click or scroll anywhere to zoom in & view definitions!
FEMININITY
A set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with
girls and women. Femininity is socially constructed, and is not
the same as female sex assigned at birth.
Aggressive (AG)
NEITHER
BOTH
The term "aggressive" or AG is used by some lesbians, especially in communities of color, to describe people assigned a female sex at birth who express themselves in a masculine way. Aggressives or AGs are women who are masculine of center.

Although aggressives or AGs present themselves in a masculine manner, they still identify as women and are not interested in transitioning to identify as male.
The Aggressives (Documentary, 2005)
Citations
[1] http://itspronouncedmetrosexual.com/2013/01/a-comprehensive-list-of-lgbtq-term-definitions
[2] http://lesbianlife.about.com/
[3] http://geneq.berkeley.edu/lgbt_resources_definiton_of_terms
[4] http://nonbinary.org
[5] http://gender.wikia.com
[6] http://en.wikipedia.org/
Gender Identity
How you feel inside and identify yourself.
Your internal experience of your own gender.

E.g. "I Am A Woman," "I am Genderqueer"
Gender Expression
All of the external characteristics and behaviors we use to present ourselves to the world.

E.g. Clothing, Hairstyle, Habits
For example, Blue is considered a "masculine" color, even though colors don't really have a Gender! Before the 1940s in the US, Blue was considered a "feminine" color.
For example, Pink is considered a "feminine" color, even though colors don't really have a Gender! Before the 1940s in the US, Pink was considered a "masculine" color.
Boi
Tomboy
Bull Dyke
Stud
Bear
Cisgender
Man
Transsexual
Man
Transgender
Man
Man
Drag King
Third Gender
Agender
Genderless
Femme
High Femme
Drag Queen
Femme Queen
Woman
Transgender Woman
Cisgender Woman
Transsexual
Woman
A person who performs masculinity,
usually in a show or theater setting, presenting an exaggerated form of masculine expression.
A person who performs femininity,
usually in a show or theater setting, presenting an exaggerated form of feminine expression.
[1]
[2]
[1]
Geena Rocero:
Why I Must Come Out
http://www.ted.com/talks/geena_rocero_why_i_must_come_out
Bigender
Intergender
Pangender
Genderfluid
(Fluid)
Androgynous
Two Spirit
Genderqueer
Gender
Non-Conforming
A broad term including people who identify
as masculine physically, mentally, or emotionally.

Careful: Butch is sometimes used as a derogatory term for lesbians. Only use this term for people who choose to identify with it.
A person appearing and/or identifying as neither masculine nor feminine, presenting a gender either mixed or neutral.
David Bowie & Tilda Swinton are well known for their androgynous appearance.
http://genderfluid.smackjeeves.com/comics/1622209/gender-nutshell/
A person who has a feminine gender identity and expression, and was assigned a female sex at birth.

Cisgender means “on the same side” as the sex assigned at birth.

Transgender is an umbrella term which means “across from” the sex assigned at birth, and can encompass many different gender identities.

A transgender woman can be a person who has a feminine gender identity and was assigned a male sex at birth.
A person who has a masculine gender identity and expression, and was assigned a male sex at birth.

Cisgender means “on the same side” as the sex assigned at birth.

Transgender is an umbrella term which means “across from” the sex assigned at birth, and can encompass many different gender identities.

A transgender man can be someone who has a masculine gender identity and was assigned
a female sex at birth.
An umbrella term used to describe people whose gender falls outside of the gender binary (masculine/feminine)

[1]
[5]
A person whose gender identity is between genders, or a combination of genders.
A person whose gender identification and/or expression shifts or changes.
A person whose gender identity or gender expression is characteristically or stereotypically feminine. Usually used by queer, feminine, or trans women.
[3]
A person who has a male or masculine gender identity.
A person who has a female or feminine gender identity.
A person who does not identify with any gender, or feels the absence of a gender.
A person who is internally ungendered or does not have a personal sense of gender identity, or may feel an internal sense of gender that is non-binary.
[1]
[3]
Lipstick
Lesbian
(1) a person who does not identify with the traditional genders of “man” or “woman,” but identifies with another gender;
(2) the gender category available in societies
that recognize three or more genders.
[1]
http://elishalim.com/?page_id=2
Elisha Lim's 100 Butches Project
A very masculine-identified lesbian.

Careful: Bull dyke is most often used as a derogatory term for lesbians or masculine women. Only use this term for people who choose to identify with it.
[2]
A masculine-identified female or lesbian woman, who adopts a more masculine appearance or demeanor.
[2]
A masculine-identified person whose gender expression is more stereotypically masculine (e.g. facial & body hair, larger body size,
muscular or heavy physique).

Most often used by masculine identified people belonging to bisexual and gay culture.
Research Article:
Stud Identity Among Female-
Born Youth of Color
A person whose gender identity shifts between masculine and feminine depending on the context or situation.
[4]
A person who expresses the social norms
for extreme or ultra-femininity (e.g. makeup, dresses, high heels, nails.)
A girl or woman who dresses or acts in a masculine way, or performs activities socially constructed as masculine.
Video about Alex,
a tomboyish 9-year-old
A person assigned a female sex at birth, who generally does not identify as, or only partially identifies as feminine, female, a girl, or a woman.
Polygender
A person whose gender identity
is made up of many gender expressions, but not all.
http://transtoons.tumblr.com/
Neutrois
Trigender
Twink
A person whose gender expression tends
toward the feminine (e.g. slender physique, little or no body hair)

Most often used by males belonging to male bisexual and gay culture. This term is sometimes used in a derogatory way. Only use this term for people who choose to identify with it.
*Note: The term "Queer" is a broader umbrella term that can encompass people whose gender and/or sexuality falls outside of sex, gender, or sexuality binaries. This term is sometimes derogatory. Use this term for people who choose to identify with it, as historically it has been used as a slur against LGBT people.
A lesbian, bisexual, or queer identified woman
whose gender expression is more stereotypically
feminine (e.g. wearing make-up, dresses or skirts).

Caution: This term is sometimes derogatory. Use this term for people who choose to identify with it.
A transgender woman who is taking hormones and/or has sexual re-assignment surgery and presents as a woman.

Predominantly used in some African American
sub-cultures and communities.
A person whose gender identity or expression does not conform to societal expectations of masculine or feminine.
A person who possesses qualities or fulfills roles of both genders. Traditionally used in Native American cultures.

This term is also used as an umbrella term for cultures with other "Third genders".
[1]
For more information on Neutrois, Agender, Genderless and related identities: http://www.Neutrois.com
A genderqueer umbrella term for a person who is
gender-neutral or null.
A person whose gender shifts between male, female, and a third gender depending on the context or situation.
[5]
[5]
[5]
[5]
Neutral
Genders
MTF (M2F)
Male To Female
FTM (F2M)
Female To Male
Primarily a medical term used to describe an individual who has had reassignment surgery to change their physical sex to match their gender identity through hormone and/or surgical treatment.
Primarily a medical term used to describe an individual who has had reassignment surgery to change their physical sex to match their gender identity through hormone and/or surgical treatment.
[5]
[5]
[1]
[5]
[1]
More on Femmes:
More on Butches:
http://www.impactprogram.org/?p=2661
A History of Drag:

http://www.impactprogram.org/?p=2585
[5]
[3]
[3]
[6]
[6]
[6]
[6]
[6]
[4]
[6]
Banjee
A person whose gender expression is stereotypically masculine in attire, attitude, or behavior. Usually a term for men who have sex with men.

This term originated from African American and Puerto Rican communities in New York during the 1980s.
[6]
[2]
A person who was assigned a male sex at birth, identifies as female and/or has taken hormonal or surgical steps to transition to Female.
A person who was assigned a female sex at birth, identifies as male and/or has taken hormonal or surgical steps to transition to Male.
A lot of us have been taught that Gender means either Boy or Girl. But for any girl who has worn pants, or any guy who likes pink, we realize it's not a binary. In fact, it's not even close.

This map intends to provide a general map of gender identities and expressions that people use, with their definitions.

It probably looks pretty complicated. And yeah, IT IS! It's complicated and wonderful to have such an amazing amount of diversity when it comes to our gender identities and expressions.

TLDR? Gender is Complicated. But that's ok.
A person whose gender identity is made up of all gender identities or expressions.
Gender is Complicated
Sex
Gender
What is often referred to as "birth sex" is the sex assigned to a child at birth, and can include internal characteristics, like chromosomes (XX, XY, XXY...), as well as external characteristics, like genitalia (e.g. vulva, penis, etc). Others may call this your natal sex, where "natal" means "birth." Natal male, Natal female, and Intersex are all medical terms that describe sex assigned at birth.

What is "sex assigned at birth?" This means that a doctor or other medical personnel makes a decision about whether a person was born male, female, or intersex. This decision may not match with that person's internal sense of their own gender.

More info on intersex identities can be found here:
http://www.impactprogram.org/?p=2221
Gender refers to the socially or culturally constructed roles, physical appearances, and expressions that people in a society identify with and express to one another.

Gender is more about how YOU feel, identify, and express yourself. Your Gender and the sex you were assigned at birth may not "match up", e.g. you may have a masculine gender, but have been assigned female at birth, or may not identify with any gender, regardless of your natal sex or sex assigned at birth.

There are many, many terms used to describe gender! Here, we'll talk about more than 40 of them.
Want more on the difference between gender and sex?
Try this blog: http://www.impactprogram.org/?p=2506
Sex
Gender
Ok, just a little more confusion here:

You can hold multiple gender identities, e.g.
Gender Non-Conforming Woman,
Genderqueer Femme.
Remember, this is about YOUR gender, YOUR sense of yourself and YOUR expression of that self.

A History of Drag:
http://www.impactprogram.org/?p=2379
http://www.impactprogram.org/?p=2585
http://www.impactprogram.org/?p=2379
(Also called Non-Binary)
More here: https://curiosity.com/video/independent-lens-two-spirits-clip-1-pbs-pbs/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social&utm_content=meme&utm_campaign=20150316fbtwospirits
Two Spirits (Documentary, 2011)
Full transcript