Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Spanish Capítulo 10 Repaso del curso Gr. 6 and 7

Repaso
by

Josefina Moreno

on 14 July 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Spanish Capítulo 10 Repaso del curso Gr. 6 and 7

Spanish
Ser y estar-
In Spanish, there are two verbs that can be translated as "to be."

Those two verbs are Ser and Estar.
Articles
The word "the" occupies a unique place in English because it's the only word that grammarians classify as a definite article. It's completely different in the spanish language, where the English "the" has four equivalents. Like most adjectives, the definite article in Spanish varies with number and gender
Adjectives & Agreement
Adjectives are frequently descriptive. That is, most often adjectives are used to describe a noun, or distinguish the noun from a group of similar objects. For example, an adjective might describe the color of an object.
Preterite tense of regular verbs
The preterite tense is used for past actions that are seen as completed.
Estoy
Estás
Está
Estamos
Estáis
Están

Estar:
Ser:
Soy
Eres
Es
Somos
Sois
Son
Ser Ex: What is she like?
She is quiet.
Use ser:
Ella es callada.


Estar Ex:
How is she acting?
She is being quiet.
Use estar:
Ella está callada.
-Singular masculine: el
-Singular feminine: la
-Plural masculine: los
-Plural feminine: las

Ex #1:
-The basketball game was nail bitting.
-El juego de baloncesto fue fluctuante del clavo
Ex #2:
-The players of the opposite team were very tough.
-Los jugadores del equipo contrario eran muy duros.
You see in Spanish "the" is much different from the English version of "the".
In Spanish, most adjectives change form, depending upon whether the word they modify is masculine or feminine.
Lets take the word tall (Alto) for example:
Masculine: El chico alto
Feminine: La chica alta
You see both articles are differnet and both endings of the word alto (Tall) Are different. "o" For masculine and "a" for feminine/
-libro rojo
red book

-pluma roja
red pen

-libros rojos
red books

-plumas rojas
red pens
For something that has to do with more than one item or person you add an "S" to the description and item.
-Ar

-aste

-amos
-asteis
-aron
-Er/-Ir

-iste
-ió
-imos
-isteis
-ieron
Ex:
Hablar
Hablé
Hablaste
Habló
Hablamos
Hablaron
Ex:
Comer
Comí
Comiste
Comió
Comimos
Comisteis
Comieron
Ex:
Vivir
Viví
Viviste
Vivió
Vivimos
Vivisteis
Vivieron
To talk
To eat
to live
Preterite of ser and ir
Ser:

Fui
Fuiste
Fue
Fuimos
Fuisteis
Fueron

Past tense of ser and ir:
Ir

Fui
Fuiste
Fue
Fuimos
Fuisteis
Fueron
Fact: Preterite means "past" in Latin!
Yes, they are the same.
Ser: to be
Ir: to go
Ex:
-I want to be a teacher when i grow up

-Quiero ser un profesor cuando crezco
Ex:
-Im going to the market, would you like anything?

-Voy al mercado, ¿quieres algo?
Verbs that change meaning in the preterite
Meaning of CONOCER in the preterite

-TO MEET - Conocí a su familia - I met his family



Meaning of SABER in the preterite

TO FIND OUT (TO KNOW FOR THE FIRST TIME) - Supimos la verdad - We found out the...
Meaning of PODER in the preterite

TO MANAGE/BE ABLE/ SUCCEED - Pude visitarlos - I was able to visit them
Meaning of NO PODER in the preterite

CANNOT/TO FAIL - No pude visitarlos - I couldn't (failed to) visit them (but tried)
Meaning of QUERER in preterite

TO ATTEMPT/ TRY - Quise verte - I attempted/try to see you
Meaning of NO QUERER in preterite

TO REFUSE - No quise verte - I refused to see you.
These are just some verbs that change meaning in the preterite.
The human body and conditions
-cadera
-hip
-calavera
-skull
-ceja
-eyebrow
-cerebro
-brain
-cintura
-waist
-codo
-elbow
-corazón
-heart
-costado
-side
-costilla
-rib
-dedo
-finger
-diente
-tooth
-encías
-gums
-hueso
-bone
-labio
-lip
-mejilla
-cheek
-muñeca
-wrist
-muslo
-thigh
-oído
-inner ear
-pantorilla
-calf
-pecho
-chest
-pestaña
-eyelash
-pulgar
-thumb
-pulmón
-lung
-riñon
-kidney
-rodilla
-knee
-sangre
-blood
-tobillo
-ankle
-abrazar
-to hug
-desmayarse
-to faint
-entristecerse
-to become sad
-estornudar
-to sneeze
-evitar
-to avoid
-padecer
-to suffer
-hacer gárgaras
-to gargle
Please note that this is not all the parts of the human body, conditions, and professions.
-médico(a)
-doctor
Professions:
-dentista
-dentist
-psicólogo(a)
-psychologist
-enfermera(o)
-nurse
The imperfect tense:
-ar verbs -er and -ir verbs
yo -aba -ía
tú -abas -ías
él -aba -ía
nosotros -ábamos -íamos
vosotros -abais -íais
ellos -aban -ían
Se:
Impersonal and passive constructions seem very similar and can be quite confusing until you see them used together.
Impersonal Se
Impersonal expressions don’t really have any specific person in mind when they make general statements or questions about what “they,” “one,” or “you,” do, but rather people in general. That is what makes it impersonal.
Ex-
-Se habla español en Uruguay. (They speak Spanish in Uruguay.)
-¿Cómo se va al teatro? (How does one get to the theater?)
Passive Se
Generally, we use the passive voice to indicate what happened to the object without saying who or what carried out the action. The object is acted upon by an outside agent, which is not to be specified.
Ex:
-Se comió la torta. (The cake was eaten.)
ADVERBS!
bastante
quite

demasiado
too

mal
badly

mucho
a lot

muy
very

nunca
never

peor
worse

poco
little

siempre
always
here are some common spanish adverbs
Most Spanish adverbs are formed by adding -mente to the feminine singular form of the adjective. This ending corresponds to -ly in English.
Ex:
He ran quickly.
("quickly" describes how he "ran")

She spoke more slowly than he.
("slowly" describes how she "spoke")
("more" modifies "slowly")
Adverbs are words that describe, or modify, verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.
Adjective Fem. Form Adverb
claro clara claramente
constante constante constantemente
difícil difícil difícilmente
Another way to form an adverb is to use the preposition con + the singular form of the noun
cuidadoso (carefully)
cuidadosamente or con cuidado

perfecto (perfectly)
perfectamente or con perfección

cariñoso (affectionately)
cariñosamente or con cariño
Home electronics/internet
computer
el computador
fridge
el refrigerador
oven
el horno
phone
el teléfono
radiator
el radiador
television la tele
wall clock
el reloj de pared
The car and its accessories
antena antenna
cofre hood
defensa
bumper
llanta tire
luz
light
maletero
trunk of a car
parabrisas
windshield
placa
license plate
quemacoco sunroof
rejilla
grille
rin wheel
tapa
gas tank
ventanilla window
cajuelita
glove box
claxon
horn
freno
brake
radio
radio
volante
steering wheel
Notice not all home electronics or car parts.
to surf the web
para navegar por la web
Internet
el internet
"Por" and "Para"

"Por" and "para" have a variety of meanings, and they are often confused because they can each be translated as "for."
Ex:
Gracias por la información.
Thanks for the information.

Este regalo es para Juan.
This gift is for Juan.
Por rules:
Rule: to express gratitude or apology
Rule: for multiplication and division
Rule: for velocity, frequency and proportion
Rule: meaning "through," "along," "by" or "in the area of"
Rule: when talking about exchange, including sales
Rule: to mean "on behalf of," or "in favor of,"
Rule: to express a length of time
Rule: to express an undetermined, or general time,
Rule: for means of communication or transportation
Rule: in cases of mistaken identity, or meaning "to be seen as"
Rule: to show the reason for an errand (with ir, venir, pasar, mandar, volver, and preguntar)
Rule: when followed by an infinitive, to express an action that remains to be completed, use por + infinitive
Rule: to express cause or reason
Rule: "estar por" means to be in the mood, or inclined to do something
Rule: in passive constructions
Para rules:
Rule: to indicate destination
Rule: to show the use or purpose of a thing
Rule: to mean "in order to" or "for the purpose of"
Rule: to indicate a recipient
Rule: to express a deadline or specific time
Rule: to express a contrast from what is expected
Rule: "estar para" to express an action that will soon be completed
Familiar commands with pronouns:
With all affirmative commands, the object pronouns are attached directly to the end of the imperative form of the verb.
Ex:
Compre Ud. el anillo.
Buy the ring.

Cómprelo Ud.
Buy it.
If both direct and indirect object pronouns are attached, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun.


Ex:
Tráigalas Ud.
Bring them.

Tráigaselas Ud.
Bring them to her.
All negative commands, the object pronouns come before the imperative form of the verb.
Ex:
No traiga Ud. las cartas.
Don't bring the letters.

No las traiga.
Don't bring them.
the rule regarding two object pronouns: whenever both pronouns begin with the letter "l" change the first pronoun to "se."
le lo = se lo
le la = se la
le los = se los
le las = se las
les lo = se lo
les la = se la
les los = se los
les las = se las
Thanks for watching!
Prezi by:
Conner Lorenzen
Noah Taylor
Jacob Wells
For:
Mr. Austidillo's
6th period
Spanish II

Direct commands
Full transcript