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Church Scientific Workshops

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Church Scientific

on 26 February 2017

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Transcript of Church Scientific Workshops

Could a Christian worldview contribute to science?
Biblical foundations
Knowledge vs. reductionism
Knowledge in community
Knowledge by scientific method?
Church Scientific: the ideas
Science with Christ as Lord?
Religion and the history of science
How can worldviews shape science?
Augustine:
"Crede ut intelligas"
- i.e. faith comes before knowledge
René Descartes: scepticism as the path to knowledge... Ultimately fails because radical doubt is impossible
Modernism: John Locke, David Hume: "no knowledge without rational demonstration"... Ultimately means no knowledge of any ultimate truth
Thomas Kuhn's 'worldview-ish' analysis of science
The Bible gives a meta-narrative to direct our life
Idolatry as the principal sin: worshiping what is created (Rom 1:25) or
treating it as absolute
Science as
scholarly investigation into
how
things generally happen throughout the created order
The gold of Havilah (Gen 2:11-12): a call to exploration, technology and civilisation
'Science' = knowing - also seeing...
'Natural philosophy' = love of wisdom about created things
Metaphysical speculation as hindrance?
Greek maths, astronomy, philosophy... and idolatrous religion
Francis Bacon's 'method' and 'idols': ideal of objective knowledge for human flourishing
Deism & materialism confronting theism
Professional
scientists
foster 'science vs. religion' myth
New idolatries of reductionism: back to idolatrous metaphysics?
The 'Scientific Revolution': physical sciences begin amid visions of progress
Being a scientist in a congregation: accountability and calling
Doubt: only in the context of an undoubted worldview: radical scepticism impossible
The dream of neutral authoritative knowledge
Lesslie Newbigin
Michael Polanyi
The folly of physical reductionism and determinism: science undermined!
The creed of materialism
Beyond reductionism and rationalism: example of tacit knowledge
From Augustine to Descartes: the search for an Archimedean Point of absolute 'objectivity'
How do theories come and go?
Can we find a demarcation criterion for 'science'?
Induction - and the dream of Positivism
Falsification, corroboration: Popper's theory of conjecture & refutation
Historicism - and Kuhn's view of the
authority
of scientific communities
Pre-paradigm work
Normal science
Accumulation of anomalies
Scientific revolution
Sociology of science
Constructivism: strong programme of "sociology of scientific knowledge"
Paul Feyerabend's 'Against Method'... no demarcation criterion for science at all?
So what is 'proof'?
A concept best restricted to maths?
The fundamental problem of induction: we have no path to certainty or true probability.
How can we discover something without expecting it?
The experimenter's regress
And what's a 'fact'?
The
pessimistic meta-induction
that all scientific knowledge is provisional...
Do terminology and conceptual models influence scientific knowledge?
The business of science: who's paying, and why?
Scientific careers: the ideal and the problems
How shall we work as Christian scientists after Kuhn, Polanyi, Feyerabend, etc?
A biblical story of worldviews
Creation worldview
Sin-based worldviews
New-creation worldview
Animism
Theism
Honour & relationship
Trust instead of fear
Forgiveness & pardon
Modern Western science
Basic Christian convictions include:
Creation
Miracles
Communication with God
Don't leave these in church! Be aware of all kinds of religious convictions that guide the search for knowledge...
Philosophies of Biology: atomism & mechanism
Paradigms in genetics: e.g.
Mendelism
Weismannism
Religious commitments: reductionism?
Science as
appropriate abstraction*
Dooyeweerd's framework of aspects: the ultimate way to avoid reductionism?
Naming the animals (Gen 2:19): a
proto-scientific
task of creative freedom
Renaissance
Reformation
Scholastic tradition: cataloguing, documentation, speculation
0) Elaine Storkey
1a) David Hanson
1b) Eline van Asperen
2b) Eline van Asperen
2a) Mark Roques
2c) Richard Gunton
3b) Richard Gunton
The sciences as
fellowships of critique
Tales of the unexpected:
Has the speed of light decayed - or did workers bias their measurements towards previously accepted values?
The Hubble constant: calculated in 1927 by Georges Lemaître who conceived of an expanding universe, then independently measured in 1929 by Edwin Hubble
N-rays: discovered in 1903, debunked in 1904 - after 300 publications!
Ozone hole: only discovered once researchers overrode the automatic discard of improbable readings (Mario Molina's story)
3 types of culture - each needing the Gospel
Shame - honour
Fear - power
Guilt - innocence
Atheism
3a) Arthur Jones
Affirm - critique - enrich:
a creation - fall - redemption approach to scientific work
- example from the FiSch Working Group on Ecosystem Services
Relativism?
Verificationism & Positivism (JJ Ayer, Rudolf Carnap et al.): philosophies that ultimately undercut themselves
3 types of post-Fall worldview:
Probability and presuppositions
Every probability calculation is based on assumptions - radical scepticism is impossible.
E.g. To estimate a probability as a frequency (the
frequentist
approach) requires the notion of replication: all
relevant
factors (what are they?) remaining constant.
e.g.
Ptolemaic paradigm
Geological fixism
e.g.
Epicycles
Geological & biotic similarities across oceans
e.g.
Copernican
Plate Tectonics
e.g.
Ancient astronomy
Geological surveying
Secularisation
Enlightenment
Paul Coleman
Clare O'Reilly
Science as
personal work by people responding to God's call, yet extracting themselves out of the picture ('objectivity')
Nothing is beyond committed, scholarly investigation:
the heavens > astronomy; cosmology
other animals > zoology, ethology
the human mind > psychology
human society > sociology, anthropology
God’s own self-revelation > theology

God's covenants begin with the whole created order (Jer 33:25) and ground the scientific search for generalities

Stewardly dominion of the creation commissioned in Eden, before the Fall
Paradigms in physical sciences... (think of examples)
Paradigms in biological sciences...
Green = descriptions of science
*Classes of entities and variables, not metaphysical substances
Full transcript