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Fritz's SKKU Pres Course
Transcript of Fritz's SKKU Pres Course
"What you say"
"How it's said"
"How you show it"
For this assignment, you are a reporter.
- your job is to objectively educate the audience on a topic.
(The final presentation requires persuasion. This time, just focus on the facts.)
All presentations are informative on the most basic level.
Show the audience how something happens ~
from beginning to end.
Explain the steps of a process (chronological organization)
The world is full of controversies...
Convince the audience to agree with you!
Take notes! Not everything will come from the book.
PowerPoint? Prezi? Something you hold in you hands?
Interaction with visual aids
must support your message
should never distract
Keep your visual message simple, relevant and meaningful.
3 Components of Presentation:
Skills in harmony =
Preparation and Practice
grabs attention (hook)
states the topic and purpose
Also, you probably should:
include a greeting
preview the main points
supporting details to help the audience understand the message.
The CONCLUSION should leave the audience impressed.
Don't give up! Don't let your energy fade at the end.
Restate your topic and purpose
Summarize your main points
Give a memorable final thought
See page 18
Thought Provoking Quote
Ask a Question
State the reason:
Why is your topic interesting and important?
See page 21
Tell the audience why they should care.
See page 21
Tell the audience how you will organize your main points.
Add a transition from the intro to the body.
Example Story Hook
When I was young, I loved playing outside. One day, my mum called me inside for lunch. I started to run but stopped dead in my tracks. I couldn't move. I couldn't blink. I couldn't breathe. I had come face to face with a black mamba, one of the deadliest snakes in South Africa.
Story to end
(Connected to the hook)
Every time I think back to when I came face to face with the black mamba, I can't help but shiver. I also can't help but feel lucky that my natural instincts kicked in and my body reacted to save my life. It's good to know that even when our minds fail us in times of crisis, instincts can protect us.
The first step to any creative endeavor.
Brainstorming helps you discover your best ideas.
writing a sentence or starting a PPT, you need a plan.
Outline = organization of your best ideas.
This will be the foundation of your script.
The outline builds the structure of your
1. Topic and reason at the top
2. Space for main points - leaving room for...
3. ...research that discovers interesting, supportive evidence
(see page 10: Free writing, listing, mind mapping)
Research reveals interesting, convincing evidence to impress the audience.
Research - when?
and while revising
Includes drafting, peer review and revising
Also, this is when you will develop your visual aids and plan
gestures and verbal emphasis
(Tip: show these "stage directions" in the script - practice them while you rehearse your presentation!)
Keep it simple and easy to understand.
The audience should be listening to you, not trying to sort out complex, distracting PPT slides.
Practice and practice some more!
Memory is just the beginning. When all skills look practiced and polished, you get a better grade.
Use note cards! Scripts are not allowed in presentations.
Record video to see and hear yourself from the "audience's point of view"
help between details.
Memorable final thought
Textbook p.35 recommends:
Call to action
Useful tip: Connect the intro to the conclusion:
give the audience closure and a sense of "completeness."
[Search for "prezi fritz skku"]
Emphasis is an important part of your message.
Emphasis can be demonstrated with volume, pace, stretching and pauses.
Inflection also add emphasis by charging words with attention and emotion.
Notice how word stress can entirely change the meaning of a sentence.
Think about the meaning. What word(s) would you stress?
I have never let my schooling interfere with my education. (Mark Twain)
A person who never made a mistake, never tried anything new. (Einstein)
I hear and I forget. I see and I believe. I do and I understand. (Confucius)
didn't kiss his girlfriend.
kiss his girlfriend.
I didn't kiss
I didn't kiss his
Confident / comfortable / professional
In partner presentations, EVEN when you are NOT speaking, you are still presenting.
Actively move around and focus on the audience
vaguely drifting along the walls
presenting to the screen
reading from a script
Outlined notes ~ not sentences
DO NOT cut a script into smaller size pieces.
Reading scripts reduces eye contact, "conversational confidence" ~ and also points.
Keep them simple and easy to follow~
Lots of blank space~
Use color to organize~
Practicing with an
outlined note cards
more aware of the audience
less concerned about
heard of" ~ Swit & Ghana
in common" "
developed & developing but "something
sweet in common"
Hold up "
Greeting & Purpose
"become more familiar" "give you an insight" "depend on choco"
Trans to MP1
"Minjeong...tell us a bit more"
Swit = Europe Ghana = Africa
Swit small central Europe ~ Gh 240,000 sq kms ~ 6x
Swit 8mil people ~ Gh 25mil ~ 3x
"couldn't be more different"
despite size and pop
developed and developing
CIA: GDP $636bil / per cap $81,160 vs
GDP $42bil / per cap $1688
"big difference, isn't it?"
Swit econ 15x ~ 50x avg Ghan person
The purpose of ALL presentations
is to engage and inform an audience.
Tips for planning for the Demo Presentation:
a topic too technical or confusing for most people.
• Professional, practical topics can be really engaging ~ but fun topics can
entertain an audience
and be enjoyable to develop and practice.
• You only have about 5min. Choose a focused topic.
Specific topics will also make your presentation more unique and interesting
to the audience.
Stand up straight
Face the audience
Move comfortably and naturally
Lazy slouching, leaning
Nervous twisting, shifting
Stiffness, lack of comfortable movement
Intentional, with Purpose
Always to support, and never to distract
Hands too high (usually because of reading)
Crossing your arms
Hands behind your back, in your pockets or on your hips
Touching your face and hair
A little of the above is not a problem ~ but shown consistently can be very distracting
...and there is no shortage of opinions and perspectives.
What is persuasion?
Know your audience!
Who are you convincing?
What is the persuasive strategies will work best in this situation?
Persuasion is the
of convincing others to do or think something.
This old greek guy says you need 3 things:
Logos, Pathos & Ethos
(Logical, emotional & authoritative appeals)
What persuasive appeals could be made in these situations?
1. A father wants his teenage son to study more.
2. A campus skiing club tries to recruit new members.
3. A boy asks a girl on a date. She acts shy and indecisive.
4. Samsung needs a marketing strategy to sell a new smart phone.
(CONSIDER: Logical, Emotional and Authoritative appeals)
• Choose a topic that must be explained as a chronological process.
A strong academic argument recognizes the opposition.
YOUR CREDIBILITY is improved when audience knows that you understand the larger context of the topic.
Counterarguments in our final presentation
"According to some sources, smoking cigarettes helps to reduce stress and suppress hunger. Although experts are correct to point out that stress and over-eating cause health problems, you should agree with us that the many health dangers associated with smoking are far worse than any benefits."
Opponents may say
(claim of opposition)
, and while that may have some merit because
(give a little credit)
, the more informed perspective on this issue supports my position that
Chronological Organization means "organized by time."
If you can easily change order of the steps, you chose a bad topic.
"Step - by - step - by - step..."
the opposing position
your argued position.
Emphasis communicates importance, shows enthusiasm and supports audience understanding.
After the body looks good...
4. Finish the outline with an engaging hook/intro and a memorable conclusion.
Tips for the Informative Presentation
Use the partner format: Turn taking makes it more engaging.
Good organization will help the audience and you.
Choose a topic that interests you (so you don't have to fake appearing interested.)
Topic + Reason = focus statements
add clarity between main points.
"What you show"
Someone shares a picture or video...
To warm up our creative brains.
Let's start class with easy opportunities to contribute individual thoughts and ideas. Your thoughts and perspectives will improve the quality of your work in this course.
DO NOW example:
What thoughts do you have when you see this picture?
See page 16
Greet audience in a polite, friendly manner appropriate to school/professional situations.
Share your name.
Keep the greeting brief, but offer credentials if relevant.
Don't forget about using questions as transitions.
Questions can be a good way to keep the audience engaged.
Introduce competing perspectives.
Your job is to take a stand against opposing positions.
Show the audience that you understand the whole issue but choose to take a side.
Present the opposition honestly by pointing out strengths - but point out flaws too. (This will set up the
you prepare for your "winning" perspective.)
Suggested Presentation Plan
Creative intro (<2min)
State the issue, some background and your purpose, but save your powerful argument for later)
Alternative, opposing positions (<4min)
Your argued (winning) position (<6min)
Your most compelling evidence
Strong, persuasive conclusion (<2min)
Don't back down!
Using Visualized Data
(Graphs and Charts)
with a brief introduction
only the important parts
Keep the audience focused. Don't kill them with too much data.
1. Find a chart online.
2. Choose 2 members to point out something from the chart.
3. Entire group will participate in the demo.
...everyone else makes comments on it.
Practice the ability to speak about a topic without memorizing a script.
Review/Preview transition sentences are great between main points. (p27)
Transition sentences are also a natural place for partner interaction.
What to do?
Ask questions. See what audience learned and help them to better understand the presentation.
In this course, to demonstrate the presenters' abilities to engage and educate the audience.
Partners take turns asking questions.
Audience members should ask for clarification from the presenters.
Presenters share in responding to the audience.
Keep the conversation going for eight minutes.