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Brush Strokes (A )

Painting Sentences with Words -the mostly painless way to build complexity
by

Ms. Herrera

on 1 September 2016

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Transcript of Brush Strokes (A )

The
truck

runs
a red light.
The
truck
, a
Chevy
,
runs
through a flashing red light.
The
truck
, a black old
Chevy
,
runs
through

a flashing red light.

Brush Strokes
Painting Sentences
with Words to Build
Complexity
Absolute Phrase
Tail
swish
ing
, the cat walked off.
Heart
pound
ing
,
she screamed and ran away.
He collapsed into bed, his
head
thump
ing
on the hard pillow.
Absolute Phrase
noun
+ -
ing

verb
Appositive Phrase
Noun
, specific
noun
,
verb
.
formula:
n
,
s.n
,
v
Participle Phrase
-
ing
verb phrase,
Participle Phrase
-
ing
verb
Slid
ing
on the kitchen floor, the cat
bonked its head on the fridge, meow
ing
in embarrassment.

Adjectives Out of Order
-one
adjective
before the noun and
two
after-
Adjectives Out of Order
adj
+
n
,
adj
+
adj
,

The young man, tired and cold, climbed into bed.
Action Verbs
replace simple "
to be
" verbs
is, was, were, am, are
, etc.
Action Verbs
strong verbs
The raccoon was digging in the trash.
The raccoon
searches
for food in the trash.
The city was covered by an alien spaceship.
The aliens
hover
over the city.
The aliens
zap
lasers over the city.
_____________
_______________
___________
_______________
__________________________________________
____________
___________________
_____ ___________
1. Dinner was prepared by the cook.
2. The cook
prepares
dinner.
3. The chef
prepares
a delicious dinner.
1. P- The fox was sniffing the flower.
2. A- The fox sniffs the flower.
3. AD- The fox gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
4. AP- The fox, a curious creature, gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
5. A.O.O.- The
young
fox,
small and curious
, gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
1. passive 3. active descriptive

2. active 4. appositive

_______
_______
______
shift: Use only
two
adjectives
Mr. Smith, sick and tired, climbed into his warm cozy bed.
_______ ________
_________
__________
__________
_______________________________________
1. P- The fox was sniffing the flower.
2. A- The fox sniffs the flower.
3. AD- The fox gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
4. AP- The
fox,
a curious
creature
, gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
1. P- The fox was sniffing the flower.
2. A- The fox sniffs the flower.
3. AD- The fox gently
sniffs
the yellow daffodil.
3. AD- The fox gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
4. AP- The fox, a curious creature, gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
5. A.O.O.- The young fox, small and curious, gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
6. A.P.-
Nose caressing the petals
, the fox gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
3. AD- The fox gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
4. AP- The fox, a curious creature, gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
5. A.O.O.- The young fox, small and curious, gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
6. A.P.- Nose caressing the petals, the fox gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
7. P.P.-
Smelling flowers in the air
, the fox gently sniffs the yellow daffodil.
The cat clumsily bonks its head on the fridge.
The subject of an active voice sentence performs the action of the verb: “
I throw the ball
.”
The subject of a passive voice sentence is still the main character of the sentence, but something else performs the action: “
The ball is thrown by me
."
* An appositive is simply identifying the noun by another name.
SHIFT: TWO
ADJECTIVES
AFTER THE NOUN
NOUN, ADJ + ADJ,
LET'S REVIEW
1.
Active
2.
A.D.
3.
APP
4.
A.O.O.
5.
SHIFT
An absolute phrase is a modifier (quite often a participle), or a modifier and a few other words, that attaches to a sentence or a noun, with no conjunction.
An absolute phrase cannot contain a finite verb.
A participle is a verbal ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne (past) that functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun.
A participial phrase consists of a participle plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).
Full transcript