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GERUND, INFINITIVE or BARE INFINITIVE

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Anastasia Ciavattella

on 27 March 2017

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Transcript of GERUND, INFINITIVE or BARE INFINITIVE

GERUND, INFINITIVE or BARE INFINITIVE
GERUND
INFINITIVE
follows a verb
BARE INFINITIVE
follows a verb
Follows a MODAL VERB
Follows LET, MAKE, HELP*
follows a verb
I want to break free from your lies
After many adjectives
happy, glad, pleased, proud, eager, sad, anxious, unhappy
likely/ unlikely
ready, prepared, willing/unwilling
difficult/ easy, possible,/impossible, hard
kind, silly, nice

Subject of the sentence
Object of the sentence (follows the verb)
GERUND
Subject of the sentence
INFINITIVE
BARE INFINITIVE
verbal noun i.e. CLIMBing
verb i.e. TO CLIMB
verb i.e. CLIMB
Object of the sentence (follows the verb)
Climbing is a fairly sport nowadays
I enjoy climbing very much
Follows a (phrasal/intransitive VERB with) preposition
I've given up climbing
Follows an (Adjective with) preposition
I'm very interested in climbing
Follows a preposition
after a Phrasal Verb
after a Verb with Preposition
Follows an Adjective with preposition

nice / kind / good / stupid / silly / intelligent / clever / sensible (1) / (im)polite / rude (2) / unreasonable (3) OF

nice / kind / good / (im)polite / rude / (un)pleasant (4) / (un)friendly / cruel TO (towards) someone

angry / furious (5) ABOUT something / WITH someone / FOR something

pleased (6) / disappointed (7) / satisfied (8) WITH something

bored / fed up (9) WITH something

surprised (10) / shocked / amazed (11) / astonished (12) AT / BY something

exited / worried / upset (13) ABOUT something

afraid / scared (14) / frightened / terrified OF someone / something

proud / ashamed (15) OF someone / something

good / bad / excellent / brilliant / hopeless (16) AT (doing) something

sorry FOR doing something (I'm sorry for shouting at you yesterday.)

interested IN something (Are you interested in art?)

fond (18) OF something / someone (Mary is fond of animals.)

full OF something (The letter was full of mistakes.)

keen ON (20) something (We stayed at home because Mary wasn't very keen on going out in the rain.)
edited by Anastasia Ciavattella
Coming together is a beginning. Keeping together is progress. Working together is success.
Henry Ford
love, like, desire, prefer, mind, care, enjoy can't bear/stand
EMOTIONS
hate, dislike, lothe, don't mind, can't stand, miss
INITIATION, COMPLETION/INCOMPLETION*
start, begin, anticipate, try, complete, undertake
continue, go on, keep on, keep, involve
stop, quit, give up, cease, postpone, finish, avoid, delay
MENTAL PROCESS
imagine, suggest, remember, fancy, deny
We don't stop playing because we grow old we grow old because we stop playing.
G.B.Shaw
after certain adjectives
to express purpose
I want to learn English perfectly well
It is important to speak English fluently
Mary goes to England every year to learn English
afford, agree, ask, choose, want, learn, promise, tell intend, pretend, expect, prefer, used
To show purpose
WHY we do something?
I want
her
to go home now, it's getting dark!
We were happy to come to the end of our journey
We were happy
because
we had come to the end of our journey

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/infinitive
It was difficult
for us
to hear what she was saying
It's kind
of
you to invite me
Why are you going to the supermarket?
To get some fruit and vegetables

She's going to the supermarket to get some fruit and vegetables
a verb of perception SEE; HEAR; SMELL; TASTE
a modal verb CAN; MUST; MAY; MIGHT
Shall we dance?
We ought TO go out. I'd rather hot in here!
let's go out! It's spring time!

Don't make me cry I still have some many tests to correct
* I can't help to get enough
Follows HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, FEEL*
I heard him go out last night

I did't see anyone arrive.
I heard someone crying
I heard someone that was crying
Further practice
MODAL VERBS
LET, MAKE, HELP
Full transcript