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Transcript of Fungi
are eukaryotic consumers. They cannot eat or engulf their food. They must live on or near their food so they can secrete digestive juices onto the organism and absorb the broken down liquid. They are everywhere: Mushrooms on pizza, yeast in the bread, cheese, antibiotics, and diseases like athletes foot.
In this section we will discuss the defining characteristics of fungi as well as some examples of the different types of fungi.
- chains of cells called filaments that make up fungi.
- a twisted mass of hyphae that have grown together to form the larger parts of the fungus.
- molds are threadlike fungi that live in the soil and are usually decomposers but can be parasites. They can reproduce both asexually, by sporangia, or sexually when two hyphae join to form a unique sporangia.
Sac fungi include yeasts, mildews, truffles, and morels. It is the largest group of fungi and most are multicellular. Yeasts are the only single celled sac fungi. Yeasts reproduce asexually but other sac fungi reproduce both sexually and asexually. Sexually produced spores develop within a microscopic sac that then opens to release the spores.
Club fungi are the most commonly known fungi. They are the umbrella shaped mushrooms. The mushroom itself is actually only the sexual spore producing part. The majority of the organism is under ground. This group also include bracket fungi and smuts.
is a combination of a fungus and an alga that grow intertwined. The algae lives inside the protective walls of the fungus. Lichens are producers and only need air, light, and minerals to grow. This is why they can live on rocks.
Zygote Fungi Continued
We also get the antibiotic penicillin from zygote fungi.
Finally, we use zygote fungi to make food products like: cheese, soy sauce, and soft drinks.
- partnership between plants and fungus where fungi grow on or in the roots to get nutrients and the plants roots are assisted in absorbing minerals.