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Revision, Study Tips, and Using Your Memory to its Best Advantage

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Lise Griffiths

on 9 July 2015

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Transcript of Revision, Study Tips, and Using Your Memory to its Best Advantage

Revision, Study Tips, and Using Your Memory to its Best Advantage
Remembering What You Are Learning

Remembering important details and being able to
explain
and
show off

your knowledge
means you can complete excellent assignments and pass exams with flying colours

It can be difficult to retain everything you read, see or hear in lessons

However with the
right techniques
and understanding of
how your memory works
, you can retain information quickly and easily
We consolidate and analyse information in sleep, which makes our understandings of ideas and knowledge even better, and connects this information to existing knowledge.
Re-capping your revision/studies before you go to sleep
will help you remember what you have learned very quickly!

For this to work properly you need to get a good night's sleep to allow your brain to go through the full sleep cycle

Try it! Re-cap a complicated fact that you struggle to remember before bed tonight, and when you wake up try to remember it straight away.
Learning in Your Sleep
Acronyms
An acronym is a group of letters which are each the beginning letter for a word that you need to remember. The letters together spell a word (made-up or real)!

E.g. remembering North, East, South and West by 'Never Eat Shredded Wheat'

Use this if you need to remember a list of words or phrases - you can
remember the acronym to trigger your memory
of each individual word by the letter it begins with
Have you ever sat and read a page of revision and ten minutes later you realise nothing went in?

This is because you're mind is not actively
engaged
- you're just 'passively reading.' Your brain isn't processing the information, you're just hearing or seeing the words. Some people are better at retaining written information than others, but we all need to learn actively

Instead of reading passively, you can do a number of things to get your mind engaged:

Highlighting,
underlining,

testing yourself,

re-writing the information in your own words,

drawing diagrams,

explaining it to someone else...
Be Active Not Passive
Find Out Your Brain's Most Efficient Way of Processing Information
Brains understand and store information when we learn. Information can be visual, auditory (sound) and kinaesthetic (spatial, physical etc).

Some people's brains process one or two of these types of information much better than others, for example visual information. This makes it easier for you to recall information presented to you in this way

You can then make sure you take notes and record what you have learnt in the way that works best for you
Has there ever been a time in your life that you're not worried about something?

We are always worried or stressed or at least preoccupied about something whether it is small or big.

Put those worries and stresses on hold while learning. While your attention is focused on your outside troubles you won't be able to pay attention to the lesson/revision

It is easier said than done, but remember you can sort problems out after college, after lessons, after exams. And there's always tutors available to help you. However if you don't focus when you're supposed to you'll have even more things to worry about, like not passing!
Leave Outside Troubles Outside
How Your
Memory Works
Your brain
accesses
the information and brings it back into your current thought processes (conscious thought)
Short-Term Memory
You can recall most information you
hear
or
see
, after a
few seconds
, if it is only stored in your short term memory (stage 1)
You can remember up to 7 pieces of information this way, but it won't stay there!
Short-term memory is only used as a sort of 'sketchpad' while the brain processes information.
How Your
Memory Works
The stages can be interrupted or not even take place, and this results in you not remembering the information, which means you HAVE NOT LEARNED IT!


To
make sure you remember information properly,
you need to
relate it to things you already know and understand
, and you need to
use it and recall it soon after you have learned it

E.g if you are told a list of words you need to remember,
its no use just reading them or hearing them
(short-term memory) - relate

the words to your existing knowledge - categorise or order them.

You need to
UNDERSTAND
and
INTERPRET
the information,
not just experience it


Your brain will also do this naturally, but you need to be INTERESTED, MOTIVATED and AWAKE for this to happen
Long-Term
Memory

Class experiement

1.
Tell your partner a list of five random words which are long, or difficult.
Do not write them down
After 1 minute get your partner to repeat them back to you as a list.
How many did they remember?

2.
Now tell your partner a list of five difficult words but also tell them why you chose them, or what you know about them
Then after a few minutes get them to repeat them back to you
How many did they remember?
All new information goes through three stages in your brain.
For you to be able to remember it, the three stages must work properly
Your brain
focusses
on,
analyses
and
interprets
the information. (At this point its in your short term memory)
Your brain
relates
the information to
existing
information,
organises
it and
stores
it in your long-term memory
How Your
Memory Works
1
3
2
Go over what you have learned!

If you read it/hear it once you'll be lucky if if you can remember it. If you read it/hear it twice you're far more likely to remember it! This is consolidating and reinforcing the information, and its very effective

Revise in a logical order.
This helps your brain organize and store information efficiently ready for when you need to retrieve it again

It doesn't take long to read and
highlight
your notes or quickly
explain
what you have learned to someone else. Recapping is vital for remembering
Revise and Rehearse!
Keep your work organised and make sure you don't throw away valuable hand-outs or pieces of work



Use your memory to its best potential. Your brain is more capable that it knows!
For the first stage to work you need to
focus and pay attention
.

This means not being distracted by anything else which uses the same part of your brain as the one you're using to revise or learn - yes including music!

You
must not have other major concerns
or motivations (e.g. being hungry, tired or feeling too emotional)
1
For the second stage
(storage in memory)
to work you need to gain
meaning and understanding
from the information, rehearse it (go over it, repeat it), and
not be too tired



For the second stage to work
(remembering)
, the first 2 stages need to have worked!

To really help you remember
,
you need to recall the information again soon after you have learned it. This means remembering on your own without reminders, even if it takes you a few minutes just to remember one word!
1 & 2
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