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BTEC : Components of Fitness

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Sarah Entwisle

on 3 December 2015

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Transcript of BTEC : Components of Fitness

Components of Fitness
What is HEALTH?
AMATEUR VS PROFESSIONAL
What is Fitness?
To be a professional athlete you must display EXCELLENCE in your chosen Sport.
Who needs the most FLEXIBILITY?
How might an athletes fitness levels differ?
Different positions within a sporting game require different amounts of fitness. Can you identify which positions require which types of fitness and why?
FITNESS AND POSITION!!
“A STATE OF COMPLETE
PHYSICAL, MENTAL
AND
SOCIAL
WELL BEING, AND NOT MERELY THE ABSENCE OF DISEASE ."
How does sport help you ........
PHYSICALLY?
MENTALLY?
SOCIALLY?
THE ABILITY TO
MEET THE DEMANDS
OF THE ENVIRONMENT.
Do we all need the
same
level of fitness?
If we are
fit
are we
healthy
?
If we are
healthy
are we
fit
?
Physical Fitness
Remember FEBSS
Skill Related Fitness
Remember PCRAB
What is excellence in Sport?
Being the best?
Efficient?
Effective?
Being the Fittest?
TASK : Choose one of the sports below, Make a poster which describes and explains how each of the components of fitness are needed in order to display excellence.

Rugby, Football, Gymnastics, Netball, Cricket, Rounders.
Flexibility: The ability to move a joint through its complete range of movement.
A hockey player requires good flexibility in their arms when stretching in a jab tackle.
Cardiovascular Endurance: The ability of the cardio-respiratory system to efficiently supply nutrients and oxygen to working muscles during sustained physical activity.
A Hockey player requires good stamina to supply their working muscles with oxygen for the full 70mins to prevent fatigue.
Muscular Endurance: The ability of a muscle to continue contracting over a period of time against a light to moderate load.
A hockey player requires good muscular endurance in their arms so they can hit the ball continually throughout the whole match.
Body Composition: The relative ratio of fat mass to fat free mass (vital organs, muscle, bone) in the body.
A hockey player would have a muscular body composition as they need power and speed during the match.
Speed:The ability to complete a motor skill in the quickest time. Distance / Time taken
A hockey player need speed to sprint to the ball before their opponent.
V.S
Who needs the most MUSCULAR/CARDIOVASCULAR ENDURANCE?
Who needs the most SPEED?
Who needs the most POWER?
Who needs the most COORDINATION?
Who needs the quickest REACTION TIME?
Who needs the most AGILITY?
Who needs more STRENGTH?
Who needs the most BALANCE?
TASK:
Choose one of the sports above.
Choose 3 different positions.
Rank in order of importance the COF they need to be effective in their position.
Provide an example of why they need the skill COF in order to complete their role effectively.
LAST MAN STANDING
HOW MIGHT THE FITNESS NEEDS OF AN ELITE ATHLETE COMPARE TO THAT OF A NON ELITE ATHLETE?
V.S
TASK

RESEARCH THE FITNESS LEVELS OF ELITE ATHLETES
HOW DO THEIR FITNESS LEVELS COMPARE TO YOURS?
WHY ARE YOUR FITNESS LEVELS DIFFERENT?
PROVIDE EXAMPLES OF YOUR ANSWERS
JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS
General Fitness
we need in order to meet the every day demands of our day to day life!
Flexibility
How flexible are you??
Muscular Endurance
Who has the best Muscular endurance?
Cardiovascular Endurance
Body Composition
Will ALL athletes have the same body composition??
Strength
Who is stronger?
Turn to the person next to you challenge them to an arm wrestle
Speed
Mix & Match Activity
Physical Fitness
END OF BTEC TASTER SESSION -
- SEE YOU NEXT YEAR IF YOU THINK YOUR HARD ENOUGH!!!!
WELCOME TO BTEC SPORT!!!!
The fitness needed in order to perform Sport specific skills!!!
POWER
Who can jump the highest????
CO-ORDINATION
What types of co-ordination are there?
REACTION TIME
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/sleep/sheep/reaction_version5.swf
AGILITY
Which other sports require AGILITY?
BALANCE
Who has the best balance??
The ability to move a joint through it's complete range of movement.
TEST: Stand up, keeping your legs locked straight and together see how far your hands can travel down your legs.
The ability of muscles to continue contracting over a period of time.
Test: Who can do the most press ups in 1 minute??
http://www.brianmac.co.uk/pressuptst.htm
The ability of the cardio-respiratory system to efficiently supply nutrients and oxygen to the working muscles during sustained exercise.
The relative ratio of fat mass to fat free mass in the body
The maximum force a muscle can produce
The ability to complete a motor skill in the quickest time
The work done in a unit of time. Force x Distance / Time
The smooth flow of movement needed to perform a motor task efficiently and accurately
The time taken to respond to a stimulus and initiate a response
The ability to quickly move or change direction without losing balance
The ability to maintain your center of mass over a base of support.
Test: Everyone stand up on 1 leg - who can last the longest
PASS - A TEXT BOOK Definition of each component of fitness.

MERIT - Explain how each component of fitness is needed
within your chosen sport.

DISTINCTION - How will performance be effected if you do not have adequate levels of each component of fitness
Full transcript