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The 3 Basic States of Matter (General)

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by

Casey Lambert

on 11 October 2016

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Transcript of The 3 Basic States of Matter (General)

Matter changes state as energy changes. This energy is usually in the form of temperature increasing and decreasing.
It is important to note that even when matter changes state, it is still the same type of matter!
There are 3 basic states of matter:
1. Solid
2. Liquid
3. Gas
Solid
: atoms are
packed together
with
very low
energy to create a
fixed shape
.
Examples
: rocks, tables, chairs, literally all things solid
Liquid
: atoms are
less compact
, and energy is
increased
. Matter has a
constant volume
, but its shape forms to fit a container.
Examples
: water, oil, gasoline, etc.
Gas
: atoms
move freely
and are
very energized
. Matter
does not
have a fixed volume or shape.
Examples
: Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Helium, "air"
Melting
: A
solid
becomes a
liquid.

Example
: Ice melting into water

Evaporation
: A
liquid
becomes a
gas
(aka
Boiling
).
Example
: Boiling water producing steam

Sublimation
: A
solid
changes directly into a
gas
,
without
first becoming a liquid.
Example
: Dry Ice
Condensation
: A
gas
becomes a
liquid
.
Example
: Seeing your breath on a cold day
Freezing
: A
liquid
becomes a
solid

Example
: Water freezing into ice

Deposition
: A
gas
changes directly into a
solid
,
without
first becoming a liquid.
Example
: Water vapor turning to ice crystals on a window
Boiling
Point:
Temperature
at which liquid becomes gas (as temperature
increases
)
Condensation
Point:
Temperature
at which gas becomes liquid (as temperature
decreases
)
Melting
Point:
Temperature
at which a solid becomes a liquid (as temperature
increases
)
Freezing
Point:
Temperature
at which a liquid becomes a solid (as temperature
decreases
)
Full transcript