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States of Fragility 2016

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by

Rachel Scott

on 1 December 2016

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Transcript of States of Fragility 2016

OECD fragility framework
Spotlight on violence
Links between fragility and violence
Effective
financing?

1. Debates over
2. There is more violence,
it is occurring in
surprising places
4. Violence is increasingly a regional problem
violence measurement
5. Violence is driven by domestic political instability
6. Civilians, especially women and children, are most at risk
7. Urban violence is becoming the new norm
8. Violent extremism and terrorism are on the rise
9. The cost of violence is rising
10. Violence is a behaviour
that acts like a contagion

3. Violence is multidimensional,
complex
and evolving
Economic
fragility
Environmental
fragility
Political
fragility
Security
fragility
Societal
fragility
2.04 trillion
64%
12
Total financial flows to fragile contexts including ODA, FDI and remittances increased
approximately 206% between 2002 and 2014 USD, to a total of 2.04 trillion (2014 constant prices).
ODA made up 32% of that total amount.
64% of all ODA between 2011 and 2014
went to fragile contexts, but this is uneven
on both an aggregate and per capita basis
Of the top 20 most aid-dependent contexts
12 are considered fragile
29
Of the 56 fragile contexts,
25 are lower middle-income
and 4 are upper middle income
Fire-fighting
As the amount of aid per capita increases,
fragile contexts tend towards fire-fighting aid
Recommendations
Programmes
recognise that fragility is multidimensional
address violence - in all its forms
challenge simplistic paradigms about violence
invest in prevention
deliver on the Stockholm Declaration
use domestic policy to promote global peace and security
use a whole-of-society approach
put people at the centre
use a violence lens
prioritise reconciliation
recognise the critical role of gender
experiment and take risks
learn and build the evidence base
provide adequate, long-term finance
focus funding on the real drivers of fragility
develop better financing strategies for fragile contexts
Policy
Finance
Full transcript