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IP & LS-MH-GENDER & SEX - PART 1
Transcript of IP & LS-MH-GENDER & SEX - PART 1
SEX: One's physical biological classification as female or male.
SEXUALITY: Human sexuality may be experienced and expressed in a variety of ways, including thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviors, practices, roles, and relationships. It is a vital principle of human living that connects the desire, energy, and pleasure of the body for sake of erotic love, expression of intimacy, human mating, and procreation
GENDER & CULTURE
GENDER: The characteristics of people as females or males. Gender, psychological, and social characteristics associated with being male or female are defined by one's gender identity & learned gender roles.
GENDER IDENTITY: Involves knowledge, understanding, and acceptance of being male or female.
GENDER ROLE. A set of expectations that prescribe how females or males should think, act, or feel.
GENDER ROLE SOCIALIZATION . The process of learning gender behaviors considered appropriate for one's sex in a given culture.
GENDER VARIANCE - behavior or gender expression that does not match gender norms
of male and female. Biological sex does
not match their preferred gender.
Sexuality is a natural part of being human.
For humans, the brain is the ultimate erogenous zone.
Sex Drive is the strength of one's motivation to engage in sexual behavior.
4 phases of the sexual response:
Love Making involves the
THEORIES OF GENDER
a. Evolutionary Psychology-primarily because of their differing roles in reproduction, males and females faced different pressures in primeval environments when the human species was evolving.
b. Psychoanalytic- Gender Behavior like that of same-sex parent
c. Social Cognitive-Rewards and punishment of gender-appropriate behavior…observation and imitation of models masculine and feminine behavior
. CULTURE DEFINES THE GENDER ROLES.
Margaret Mead - Tchambuli of New Guinea -
the gender roles are completely reversed from
N. American stereotypes.
In American culture, overall, parents tend to encourage their sons to engage in instrumental goal-directed behaviors and daughters are encouraged in expressive (emotion-oriented) behaviors
Androgeny refers to having attributes that are
typically associated with both genders, as they
are defined within
Social Role Theory.
Eagley’s theory of gender development that acknowledges the physical differences
between the sexes that have historically influenced different tasks performed by men and women; points out the way these
differences color social expectations and
create social structures that limit
opportunities for both sexes.