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Instruments & Families
Transcript of Instruments & Families
Soprano | Mezzo soprano | Alto | Counter tenor | Tenor | Baritone | Bass
A high woman's voice, but with warmer, richer qualities.
The lowest woman's voice part; the highest man's voice
lit: against the tenor; Today sung by a man with an extremely high singing voice.
A higher man's voice. Women do not sing tenor.
A mid-range man's voice. Warmer than a tenor, more mid- to upper-range power than a bass.
The lowest man's voice.
The highest voice part; women, pre-puberty boys, castrati
Violin | Viola | Cello | Bass |
Harp | Guitar | Lute | Sitar
Multi-stringed instrument, played with fingers
Bowed, 4-string instrument, 3rd largest of string instruments
Smallest, highest pitched, 4 strings, bowed
Wooden, acoustic, 6 (catgut or polymer) strings, played with fingernails
bowed, 4-string instrument, slightly larger than a violin
Bass | Doublebass
largest, lowest pitched; 4 strings, also used in jazz & pop music
A multi-stringed instrument with frets and deep, pear-shaped back
Multi-stringed, closely related to the lute, dev on Indian subcontinent, dist sound from hollow neck
Flute | Oboe | Clarinet | English Horn | Saxophone | Bassoon
Only woodwind that doesn't have a piece of wood vibrating. Higher version is piccolo
The highest of the single-reed woodwinds
An "alto" voice of double-reed instruments. Check out the bottom of the instrument compared to the bottom of the oboe.
A single-reed instrument used in jazz, popular, and "classical" music since the late 19th century.
The bass voice of the woodwind family. A double-reed instrument.
The highest voice of double-reed instruments
Trumpet | French horn | Trombone | Euphonium | Tuba
The "soprano" voice of the brass section.
A baritone voice. The euphonium is a kind-of French horn on HGH.
The bass voice and largest brass instrument.
The alto or tenor voice. Blends well with strings & woodwinds. Most versatile of orchestral instruments.
The tenor voice. Also a bass trombone.
Piano | Organ | Harpsichord | Clavier | Virginal | Celeste
The oldest and largest. Size is determined by # of ranks of pipes (most ranks are 61 pipes). Keyboards for hands are called "manuals"; for feet "pedals."
Keyboard instrument that flourished during the 17th & 18th Centuries. Strings are plucked by metal or leather spikes, or quills.
Predecessor to the Harpsichord. Popular during the 15th & 16th Centuries.
Most important keyboard instrument since early 19th Century; 88 notes spanning 7+ octaves
Instruments whose interest lies in its particular timbre. No concern for pitch
Instruments intended to contribute melodic and harmonic elements