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The Road to Marriage Equality

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by

Tori Guzman

on 7 May 2015

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Transcript of The Road to Marriage Equality

Table of Contents
Background Info
Why is this important?
Richard and Mildred Loving
The Loving Story
History of Interracial Marriage
Virginia's Racial Integrity Act
The Arrest
Guilty
Protest
Sweet Victory
Or was it?...
#LovingDay
Background Info
The time is 1958 when the Civil Rights Movement, segregation and equal rights for all, was the main talk in the United States. People began to protest and fight for equal rights among people of color and whites, including marriage rights. Many people were involved in this movement for equality. Richard Loving was a white man and Mildred Jeter was an African American women both living in Virginia. Richard and Mildred Loving are responsible for changing laws that said people of color and whites could not get married. During 1958 in Virginia it was illegal for people of color to marry white people, but that didn't stop them from getting married. Richard and Mildred got arrested for breaking the law, but they felt like it was unfair that two people who loved each other couldn't get married. So they took their case to the Supreme Court and on June 12, 1967 the court ruled that people can now get married no matter what their race is. Lets follow Richard and Mildred on their journey to marriage equality!
History of Interracial Marriage
Because Richard and Mildred broke the law they were arrested. This is a news report that describes Richard and Mildred's reactions to what happened. Click on the video to watch.

The video shows Richard and Mildred's 3 children. How do you think their parents getting arrested affected them?
The Loving's say the didn't know it was a crime for people of different races to get married. If it was a law why do you think they didn't know?
Do you think them getting arrested was fair?
Protest
The Loving's felt like they weren't done yet. They didn't think it was fair that two people who loved each other couldn't get married because they didn't have the same skin color. The took their case to the Supreme court and asked for help from Bernard Cohen and Philip Hirschkop to get the state to change the law. In the picture are lawyers Bernard Cohen, Philip Hirschkop, and Richard and Mildred Loving.

What do you think they are talking about?
Look at the setting, what do you notice about the room? Where could they be?
How do you think the Lovings are feeling in this picture?
Sweet Victory!
Finally on June 1967 the Supreme Court ruled that the Virginia Racial Integrity Act was unconstitutional and went against people's rights. The Loving's won! They were finally able to go back home to Virginia and live as husband and wife with their family.

To the right is a link to a map that will show you in what year states allowed interracial marriages. You can change the year by clicking on the arrows.

Pick a year, any year you want and discuss with your partner any patterns you see.
Now look only at Texas. In what year did Texas make interracial marriage legal? Why do you think it took Texas longer than other states to change?
Look at the year 1965. Compare and contrast the states that allow interracial marriage and the ones that don't. What do you notice about their location in the United States?
Even though in 1967, interracial marriage was made legal in the United States, do you think people that weren't okay with it before, okay with it after the law changed?
#LovingDay
Even though some people might agree or disagree when people of all races and colors getting married, The Loving's have made a huge impact on people's lives today. Now people of all races are getting married and the Loving's case is helping other groups of people fight for marriage equality today! June 12 in now considered the "Loving Day" when people celebrate marriage equality!

To the right is a tweet.

Why do you think she has a picture of the Loving's in her tweet?
What did she say the Loving's did for her?
Can you think of anyone you might know, maybe a family member, friend, or even someone famous, who would celebrate Loving Day?
The Road to
Marriage Equality

The Story of Richard and Mildred Loving
What do you think the term "interracial marriage" means?
Think about the history of the civil rights movement. What was going on during that time? Why do you think interracial marriage was a issue at the time?
The last sentence says that by 1958, 94% of Americans didn't like interracial marriage, do you think this is still the same today?
Getting married to whoever you wanted wasn't always a choice people had. There were laws that made getting married to someone of a different race illegal. Read the paragraph below to read more about why Richard and Mildred weren't allowed to get married.
Virginia's Racial Integrity Acts
The Arrest
Guilty
"Then section 20–59 of the Code makes the contracting of a marriage between a white person and any colored person a felony."
-Judge Leon Bazile
Or was it?...
http://www.lovingday.org/legal-map
Why is this Important?
The Loving v. Virginia case had a huge impact on the civil rights movement. It was just one case, but it was a big step of equal rights for all people no matter their color. (Source 1) shows the love Richard and Mildred had for one another. However they were forced to move out of their home because at the time white people and colored people were not allowed to get married in Virginia according to the Virginia Racial Integrity Act (source 3). There has been a long history of discrimination against interracial marriage (source 2) and the Loving's wanted to put an end to it. Richard and Mildred Loving just wanted to move back home and live together, so after they got arrested (source 4) they wanted to change the law. But they were found guilty (source 5) and had enough of this treatment. Mildred Loving wrote the US Attorney General, at the time, Robert Kennedy and he helped them find the right people to get the law changed (source 6). Richard and Mildred worked hard to get what they felt was equal opportunity to marry who they loved. In 1967 the Loving's won (source 7) their fight to marry who they wanted not matter what they look like. This has not only changed the lives of the Loving's but so many other families. Even though the laws have changed people still don't agree with this (source 8)... Today, there are still fights for equality in marriages and the Loving's give them hope (source 9).
Richard and Mildred Loving
Villet, G. (2011, December 31). The Case of Loving v. Bigotry. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/01/01/magazine/look-loving-versus-bigotry.html?_r=0
This is a picture of Richard and Mildred Loving in their home in Virigina watching tv.

What are some similarities and differences between Richard and Mildred?
Look at their faces. What do you think they are feeling in this picture?
Why do you think this picture was taken?
The Virginia Racial Integrity Act was passed in 1924. It said that white's must marry white's and people of color may only marry other people of color. This is the act that didn't let Richard and Mildred get married and live in Virginia with their family. The picture on the left is the first page of the act, and the picture on the right is the first section of the act.

Look at the first page of the act (on left). What words stand out to you the most?
Why do you think this act is in a health bulletin? Is what they are talking about a health problem? Do you see this as a health problem?
Who do you think wrote this act? Why are they trying to "preserve racial integrity?
Racial Integrity Act of 1924. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://piedmontvahistory.org/archives14/exhibits/show/segregation/integrity/act
Racial Integrity Act of 1924. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://piedmontvahistory.org/archives14/exhibits/show/segregation/integrity/act

What Comes Naturally: The Loving v. Virginia Case in Historical Perspective | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.blackpast.org/perspectives/what-comes-naturally-loving-v-virginia-case-historical-perspective-0
After the Loving's got arrested they went to court. Judge Leon Bazile was the person who decided the Loving's were guilty. Here is a quote from Judge Leon Bazile reason for finding the Loving's guilty.

Discuss with your partner:
What is a felony?
Can you give an example of a felony today?
Do you think your example and the reason the Loving's were arrested should have the same punishment?
Transcription from Original. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Opinion_of_Judge_Leon_M_Bazile_January_22_1965
Lucey, D. (2013, February 1). The Right to Love. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.neh.gov/humanities/2012/januaryfebruary/feature/the-right-love

Tenabe, K. (2012, January 1). Legal Map. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.lovingday.org/legal-map
Parker, U. (2014, June 14). Tweet. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from https://twitter.com/ursa1980/status/478044502364811264.
Even though in 1967 the law changed to allow people of different races marry, some people still didn't think it was right. This is a graph that shows how people feel about interracial marriage from 1959 up to 2013.

Compare 1959 to 2013. What is the difference between the percents?
Between what years do you see the biggest increase in approval?
What do you think graph will look like in 5 years? In 10 years? Do you think it will continue to go up, or do you think it will go down? Why?
Robinson, B. (2014, May 27). Part 3: Mildrid Loving's statement in 2007. Public opinion of interracial marriage. Recent examples of opposition. Books. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.religioustolerance.org/hom_mar14b.htm
sgtruis. 2009.
Report on Loving Case 1967
. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2, 2015, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FaHhZ4IbVY
By: Tori Guzman
Full transcript