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Depression & Suicide

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Shai Venema

on 8 July 2014

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Transcript of Depression & Suicide

Depression & Suicide

Depression is so to say a challenging illness. It can last for a long duration with negative effects if not treated (if you do not get help, see a doctor, take anti depressants etc.) Depression can impact a persons life in a negative way, it can make you feel as if you've been hit by a ton of bricks or feel buried deep in a dark hole with no way of seeing light again. There are other results of having depression, all of which are negative, sorry to say.

-Feeling down in the dumps, hopeless, worthless, lonely or possible angry or irritable
are factors that can impact a persons life in a unpleasant way. The challenge is trying to make/get yourself to feel better on your own or possibly faking a smile, when you know that inside your feeling these factors listed. Feeling these negative ways, can make a negative impact on your life, making it harder to do your usual activities and they can also result in the factors listed below.

Not wanting to leave your house, or possibly, bed
is a factor that could result from the factors above, like feeling down. You do not care to get up, motivation is lost, as well as, determination to do what you normally do throughout the day. It may be that you want to get up and put a smile on, but there is something holding you down. Something inside you telling you or making you feel the way you do. This is a challenge as you can imagine. With not wanting to get up, leave your house or bed, there is minimal you can do. Staying home day by day can make you also feel alone and worthless. It can also result to the next factor of social alienation.

Social Alienation
is another factor that can impact a person with depression as well as the people around them. When isolating yourself, you may possibly ignore phone calls or text messages from friends or you may not go to parties or want to hand out, because you would like to be left alone. You isolate yourself from the outside world, and with doing so, the people you care about and whom care about you, like your friends may feel neglected and could possibly get angry at you. A problem also is that you may also be reluctant to tell your friends and significant others about your condition for fear of being rejected and you may also feel as though nobody understands how they are feeling, which acts to further alienate others. This can result to the next factor below which is relationship problems.

Relationship problems
is a factor that can result from social alienation. With always canceling plans with friends may make others feel neglected and possibly angry, as said above, which causes problems impacting not only yourself, but others as well. Others may feel as if you are ignoring them and may do the same to you, not realizing you have depression. Depression can cause tension within the family. The lack of interest, emotional response and involvement regarding family life can cause family members to feel neglected or abandoned as well. Depressed individuals may become unable to fulfill their responsibilities due to a loss of energy. This may put added responsibilities on family members to cook, clean, care for a child or walk the dog etc. Feelings of guilt may emerge among family members, especially parents, who blame themselves for someone else's depression.

-Depression can also
affect your eating and sleeping pattern.
Some people with depression can sleep for a very long time, others can hardly sleep at all, waking up plenty of times. Same with food, when some people are depressed they eat to fill an emptiness inside, while some people hardly eat anything at all. This is a challenge for many, for example you cannot help if they do not sleep enough during the night, you just wake up uncalled for. Depression can impact your immune system and increase health risks, which is serious. This can also impact your activity throughout the day and can affect your focus, energy level, motivation and emotions. For example, when not getting my rest, I feel lazy, cranky and my energy level is low, but when getting the right amount of sleep, I am in a good mood, energized and ready to go.

Harming yourself
may be a factor of Depression in teens. Some teens try to cope with depression by harming ones self, by cutting or burning. This shows how serious depression really is. Depression can impact an individual to an extent that causes a person so much distress that they decide to hurt themselves, shed blood, receive scars and burns to deal with their depression. Depression causing self harm on ones self can also result to suicide as well, which is the next factor.

is a consequence of depression. When someone cannot cope with their depression anymore, they feel like there is nothing else they can do, that there is no light at the end of the tunnel, but there is! Suicidal people think death is the only way out and they never think about how their actions will impact others. Loosing a loved one from suicide in my experience, is agony. It affected relatives, friends and the community. No one knew my cousin had depression or was suicidal, not even his best friend. Till this day we all think of him and we wish we could have turned back time. And my Uncle still wishes he would have woke up ten more minutes earlier the night of the incident, then maybe he could have saved his son.

Reckless Behavior
may be a factor for teen depression. A teenager who has depression may engage in careless and reckless behaviors that could be life threatening. Such behaviors could include drinking while driving, driving at very high speeds, mixing drugs and alcohol, engaging in high-risk sexual acts and hanging out with people who are dangerous.

-Depression can cause
school problems
in teens. It can impact their ability to concentrate and maintain their energy levels and may impact their school attendance, academic performance and increase conflict with other students and school staff.

Substance Abuse
can be a factor with teen depression. With depression, some teens may want to numb the pain of it all, or reduce their symptoms by abusing alcohol, and/or drugs. HelpGuide.org notes that substance abuse will only worsen the symptoms of depression and the negative effects. This may also increase the chances of getting addicted.

Eating Disorders
can be a factor for teens with depression. Eating disorders, such as anorexia, bulimia, binge eating and various forms of dieting behaviors, may be struggling with depression. Eating disorders give depressed teens some form of control in their life. They cannot control how they feel when they are depressed, but they can have power over their food intake. This can impact not only the person with the disorder but the people who love him/her, because eating disorders are not healthy for you body and friends and family would also be affected, because they wouldn't want to see there loved one putting their self through that.

Health concerns.
Depression can become an unhealthy cycle. People with depression need to take good care of themselves to feel better, but because of the symptoms, they are unable to sleep (or sleep too much), don’t want to eat and have no interest in exercise. Because they are unable or unwilling to do these things, the depression worsens and health suffers. When we don’t take care of ourselves it can leave us vulnerable to other illnesses, such as the flu, or worsen health conditions we already have, such as diabetes.

Making a Difference

Okotoks Mental Health Centre:
The Okotoks Mental Health Centre provides programs and services for people having mental health issues and their families. Offers short-term psychotherapy services (1 to 10 sessions) that include: assessing, treating and following up with people, providing information and referring people to other mental wellness services that best fit their needs. For the assessment and treatment, the services include seeing a psychiatrist, one-to-one therapy, group therapy and follow-up. As said on the website listed above, therapy focuses on concerns like abuse, violence, grief, stress, aging, relationships, anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, mental illness that does not get better, and severe mental illness. So, you can go to this Centre to get help and in the end have a greater quality of life.There also is a Community Wellness Program for Mental Health at the same Centre. This program offers psychiatric and supportive counseling for people with severe, ongoing mental health problems to help them live in the community.
The Okotoks Mental Health Centre is located at 11 Cimarron Common in Okotoks, Alberta, T1S 2E9, open weekly, Monday through Friday, 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM.
And here are a list of the phone numbers,
Assessment and Treatment Services - Mental Health (403-995-2712.)
For the Community Wellness Program - Mental Health (403-625-5176)
Mental Health Services (1-877-652-4700 (Intake Line), 403-995-2712)


Calgary Counseling Centre:
The Calgary Counseling Centre, provides counseling for all (individuals, youth and families) of all backgrounds, conducts research ensuring our methods are proven to be effective and trains future counselors. As said on the website, "Calgary Counseling Centre is a charitable organization committed to providing compassionate, professional, and affordable counseling services to Calgarians.Through counseling and group programs, the Centre helps individuals, couples, parents, families, and youth resolve emotional and social problems. Through its ongoing research and education programs, Calgary Counselling Centre strives to meet the changing needs of our community.
Starting from a small team of dedicated individuals and a few programs, Calgary Counseling Centre has grown to be a recognized leader in the treatment of family violence, depression, children’s programs, eating disorders, research, training, and education." The Calgary Counseling Centre is located at 940 6 Ave SW #200, Calgary, AB T2P 3T1, open weekly, Monday through Friday. from 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM and 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM on Mondays and the phone number is (403) 265-4980.

South and East Calgary Health Centre and the Northwest Community Mental Health Centre which is in the Foothills Professional Building all have Mental Health Community Services.
At these three locations, there are Child and Adolescent Addiction and Mental Health Community Services. The service provides assessment and treatment services to children 18 years and younger with moderate to serious mental health issues, and their families. Services include individual, family, and group therapy in a community clinic setting.
-The South Calgary Health Centre is located at 31 Sunpark Plaza, SE, Calgary, Alberta, T2X 3W5 and the hours of operation is seven days a week, from 8:00 AM to 10:00 PM. The telephone number to call is 403-943-9300. You can also call 403.945-1500 Ext. 1 (Mental Health.)
-The East Calgary Health Centre is located at 4715 8 Avenue SE, Calgary, Alberta, open weekly, Monday through Friday, 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM and the contact number is 403-955-1000 or call 403-943-1500 Ext. 1 (Access Mental Health.)
-The Foothills Professional Building location is 1620 29 Street, NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4L7, open weekly, Monday through Friday, from 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM and you can call 403-943-1500 Ext 1 (Child and Adolescent Services) and the Norhtwest Community Mental Health Centre is Suite 280 in the building, and the phone number is 403-297-7345.
Also at the Northwest Community Mental Health Centre , as well as the Central Community Mental Health Centre, which is located on the 7th Floor of the Sheldon M. Chumir Health Centre, 1213 4 Street SW, Calgary, Alberta T2R 0X7; 403-955-6200 and the Northeast Calgary Mental Health Clinic located in the Sunridge Mall, in suite 200 at 2580 32 Street NE, Calgary, Alberta T1Y 7M8; 403-944-9700 Reception all have Assessment and Treatment Services for Mental Health, services which include seeing a psychiatrist, one-to-one therapy, group therapy and follow-up. (Therapy focuses on concerns like abuse, violence, grief, stress, aging, relationships, anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, mental illness that doesn’t get better, and severe mental illness.)

For teens if you need to talk you can call, text, email and online chat Connecteen which offers support. The website says, "ConnecTeen is a confidential peer support service for youth in Calgary and area. We know that there are some things you can’t talk to an adult about or there is just something your friends don’t get about you. We can connect you with a peer who understands your unique perspective and can help talk you though your issues. We don’t judge. We are here to listen. Our service is confidential and anonymous so no one needs to know you contacted us." You can call ConnecTeen at 403.264.TEEN (8336) or text at 587.333.2724. You can also email ConnecTeen at ConnecTeen@distresscentre.com. "Emails will receive a response within 24-48 hours, so this is best when the question is not urgent and no one is in danger," states the website. Also on the ConnecTeen website (http://www.calgaryconnecteen.com,) you can chat online is from 5-10 p.m, same with texting and calling. On Saturday ConnecTeen is open from 12-10 p.m. You can call 24/7 though and if ConnecTeen isn't open it will get sent to the Crisis Lines. Crisis Lines have calling and online chat open 24/7 every day of the year (you can call the crisis info line at 310-1818.)

Distress Centre
The Distress Centre Calgary (DCC) ensures everyone has a place to turn to in a time of crisis by providing 24 hour crisis support, professional counseling and 211 referrals - all at no cost. The 24 hour, 7 days a week crisis line number is 403.266.HELP (4357) and remember, "no problem is to small to call." Also, on www.distresscentre.com there is a confidential online chat which is available from 5pm-10pm daily. So, if you want to talk to someone about what you are feeling, but do not want to go to your family or friends for help, go call the ConnecTeen or distress centre, or go on the websites and chat to someone about it. If what you want to talk about is to hard to say out loud and you'd prefer to talk to about your problems with someone online, then our online chat or email support might be for you.

Suicide Prevention Hotline:
There is a suicide prevention hotline at 1-800-SUICIDE (1-800-784-2433) Toll Free in Southern Alberta which provide confidential, non-judgmental support to anyone feeling suicidal, thinking about suicide, is worried about someone else or who has lost someone to suicide.

Canadian Mental Health Association: Calgary
The Calgary Mental Health Association builds awareness and provides education, advocacy and support for individuals and families living with mental illness, a loss by suicide or addiction. CMHA Calgary offers a range of programs and services to the community, but does not provide crisis services.

Centre for Suicide Prevention:
The Centre for Suicide Prevention does not provide therapy, treatment, mental health care, or medical care but we will provide information on training programs, research, and other educational aspects of suicide prevention.

Centre of Suicide Prevention Workshops:
The Centre of Suicide Prevention regularly organizes suicide prevention workshops for anyone to attend in Calgary. Check out the date and workshop listings and click the link to register. If you have any questions about your workshop or the registration process, contact the Registrar via email or by phone at (403) 245-3900 ext. 233.

Depression is a mental illness that affects a person's mood and the way they feel, which can result to a poor quality of life. You may feel down in the dumps, lonely, worthless or even angry, but depression is not simply a temporary change in mood or a sign of weakness. It is a real medical condition with many emotional, physical, behavioral and cognitive symptoms.
Depression is serious and can impact
almost every aspect of a person life, including their emotions, physical health, relationships and work.
Depression has many causing factors and there are many possible consequences. If you feel you have depression, the best thing to do is to get help.

Biological factors:
We are not certain what causes depression. One of the predominant theories proposes that depression is caused by an imbalance of naturally occurring substances called neurotransmitters in the brain and spinal cord.
Serotonin and norepinephrine are two neurotransmitters in the brain that appear to be involved in the symptoms of depression.

Psychological Factors:
Individuals are affected by outside events differently. Each person’s thoughts determine how he or she will experience life, which can affect whether or not they become depressed. The way we think about things and view the world often emerges in childhood, for example, a strict or abusive upbringing, where you were mistreated and the atmosphere was negative, can shape ones views on the world in a negative way. And so, these ways of looking at the world reinforce the negative effect of difficult situations in life, predisposing people to emotional suffering. (So, traumatic childhood events can influence a person’s mental outlook throughout their life.)

Environmental Factors:
-Problems at school, (for example, homework/assignment issues, getting bullied, or overall school stress.)
-Social status with peers
-Sexual orientation
-Family life
-Traumatic events (For example, the death of a loved one.)
-Romantic problems (For example, breaking up with boyfriend/girlfriend.)
-The death of a loved one, a move, a divorce, financial difficulties or job loss.
-Social isolation.
-Periods of relationship conflict, whether marital or family-related.
-Demanding work or a stressful workplace.
-Health issues, especially when the person has a chronic health problem.

-Low self esteem (Feeling no good about your self, wishing you were prettier, smarter, etc.)
Facts, Statistics & Data.
-Depression is the most common psychological problem in the USA, afflicting more than seventeen million Americans each year. Depression also affects more than 100 million people worldwide each year. About 25 % of women, 10 % of men and 5 % of adolescence are affected during their lives. In recent decades, it has been increasing and appears to be starting earlier in life.

Depression is an illness that can be treated. Here are a few options to help you.

-See a doctor or Psychiatrist. Talking to a doctor to see what they think is best for you is a good idea as well. They may recommend counseling or other options below or they may give you tips on how to manage your depression. Remember, you are not the only one going through depression, so your doctor more than likely knows what has worked and is working best with patients whom are going through the same thing. Doctors are trust worthy and can keep a secret if you do not want anyone to know what is going on, unless you said you wanted to harm yourself, etc. Also, a family doctor may seek help in managing the treatment of depression and as a result you will be referred to a psychiatrist. A psychiatrist can prescribe medication to treat mental illness (like, anti depressants.) If the psychiatrist thinks it would be best for you to take the medication, you can always try it, see how it works.
(Many people take medications and they do help, but when it starts to work, people think they do not need the medication anymore and then cut cold turkey, which is not a good idea. Always inform your doctor and make your she/he knows what is going on and do not be afraid to ask questions. Doctor are there to help.)

-Going to a mental health center. Mental Health centres have programs and services for people having mental health issues, like depression. Programs could include counseling and therapy. There possibly could be programs that could help you manage and get though your depression at mental health centres as well. Visit your local Mental Health Centre. Some centres give out information and pamphlets as well.
-Counseling and therapy are great options. The good thing about counseling and therapy is that it is one on one. Talking to a counselor or therapist about how you feel and what is going on will help to release the emotion that is built up inside and will make you feel better, but one session is not enough, you will have to keep going and results will show. Also, if you do not feel comfortable with your counselor or therapist you have, you can easily get someone new. This is good because, if you do not connect or feel that the counselor or therapist is not understanding or does not benefit you, you can get someone who does.

-Talk to your family and/or friends about it. Talking to your loved ones is a very good option. Many people often find relief in talking about depression with friends and family. So remember, you do not have to face depression alone. Your loved ones are there for you and can be a source of comfort and emotional support and may be able to help you find a doctor or therapist, so not be afraid to talk to your loved ones, because they are there for you. An advantage of talking to family and/or friends is that you are talking to someone you already know and trust.

-You could also go to a Support Group or group therapy. This is a good idea, if you feel comfortable talking and telling others about what is going on in your life and how you are feeling etc. Group therapy is also good because listening to peers going through the same struggles can validate your experiences and help build self-esteem. You may get tips on how to handle what you are going through better etc. But if you are not comfortable talking in a group, then group therapy is not the right choice for you.

-If depression is very serious or lasts for a long time, doctors may recommend ectroconvulsive therapy (or ECT). Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a procedure in which electric currents are passed through the brain, intentionally triggering a brief seizure. ECT seems to cause changes in brain chemistry that can quickly reverse symptoms of certain mental illnesses. It often works when other treatments are unsuccessful. So ECT is for when all else fails. http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/electroconvulsive-therapy/basics/definition/prc-20014161
-Light therapy for certain kinds of depression, but it’s best to talk with your care team before you try something new.
Depression and suicide impact many people everyday, all around the world.
This Prezi gives you information on these two serious topics, including, what the issue is, what the symptoms and causes are, as well as interesting facts, consequences, and treatment and recovery.

"Depression can destroy the very essence of a teenager’s personality."
-7–14% of children will experience an episode of major depression before age 15.
-One-third of adolescents attending psychiatric clinics suffer from depression.
-Greater than 20% of adolescents in the general population suffer from emotional problems
-The onset of major depression is earlier in children of depressed parents (mean age of 12.7 years) compared with those of normal parents (mean age of 16.8 years)
-Talking or joking about committing suicide
-Saying things like, “I’d be better off dead,” “I wish I could disappear forever,” “There’s no way out,” or even "I hate my life."
-Speaking positively about death or romanticizing dying (“If I died, people might love me more.”)
-Writing stories and poems about death, dying, or suicide.
-Engaging in reckless behavior or having a lot of accidents resulting in injury.
-Giving away prized possessions.
-Saying goodbye to friends and family as if for the last time.
-Seeking out weapons, pills, or other ways to kill themselves.
-Writing a will.
-Abrupt changes in personality.
-Previous suicide attempt.
-Use of drugs and/or alcohol.
-Change in eating pattern.
-Significant weight change.
-Unwillingness/inability to communicate.
-Accident prone (carelessness).
-Unusual sadness, loneliness, talk of wanting to die.
-Neglect of work/appearance.
-Chronic pain, panic or anxiety.
-Harming ones self, Cutting ones self.
Signs/ Symptoms
Here are some possible causes,

-Psychological disorder, especially
, bipolar disorder, and alcohol and drug use (in fact, approximately 95% of people who die by suicide have a psychological disorder at the time of death.) (Many people die by suicide because depression is triggered by several
negative life experiences,
and the person does not receive treatment – or does not receive effective treatment – for the depression. (Some people need to go through several treatments until they find one that works for them.)) Many people do not go for help for their depression and so their illness gets worse and worse, and possibly ending with suicide. A challenge is for the people with depression or other psychological disorders need to get help before their illness gets to this extent, or if it does, then get help immediately!
-Divorce, could cause depression from this negative life experience, and with not getting help for the depression, it worsens and could possibly become suicidal.
-New family formation (e.g., step-parents and step-siblings.) Same thing with this factor. You may become stressed out, and depressed and with not getting help it worsens and an result with becoming suicidal.
-Physical, mental or sexual abuse. Abuse is 100% a negative life experience as well. You may get depressed which may result in wanting to commit suicide, because it would be easier then to life another abusive day.
-Emotional neglect
-Exposure to domestic violence
-Alcoholism in the home
-Substance abuse
-Bullying, for example Amanda Todd and how she was so badly bullied she ended her life.
-Problems with school or the law.
-Break-up of romance.
-Unexpected pregnancy.
-A stressful family life (having parents who are depressed or are substance abusers, or a family history of suicide)
-Stress due to new situations; college or relocating to a new community.
-Failing in school or failing to pass an important test.
-Seriously injuring another person or causing another person’s death (example automobile accident.)
-A serious loss, such as a loss of a job, house, or money.
-Low self esteem
-Fear (due to a negative experience)


-Go or bring your teen immediately to the hospital, emergency room. in a crisis situation. Your local emergency room can conduct a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation and refer you to the appropriate resources. (If you're unsure about whether you should go or bring your child to the emergency room, contact your doctor or call (800) SUICIDE for help.)

-See a doctor immediately or Psychiatrist, (or call, but to talk in person would be better.). With talking to a doctor, they will know what to do and how to best help you. They may recommend counseling or going to the hospital. Remember, you are not the only one going through suicidal thoughts, so your doctor more than likely knows what has worked and is working best with patients whom are going through the same thing. Your doctor can refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist, or your local hospital's department of psychiatry can provide a list of doctors in your area. Your local mental health association or county medical society can also provide references.

-Schedule an appointment with a mental health professional and make sure to keep the appointment, even if you or your teen says he or she is feeling better or doesn't want to go. Suicidal thoughts do tend to come and go; however, it is important that you or your teen gets help developing the skills necessary to decrease the likelihood that suicidal thoughts and behaviors will emerge again if a crisis arises.

-If you are suicidal, talk to someone about it, like family and/or friends, so they can get you immediate help. Your loved ones are there for you and can be a source of comfort and support. (Note: If someone has talked to you about wanting to commit suicide, tell someone, get them help immediately.)

-In an emergency you can call (800) SUICIDE or even 9-1-1.

-If you don't want to be face to face with someone, you could call helplines like the Kids’ Help Phone is 1-800-668-6868, and is open 24 hours a day, the Distress Line, at 604-872-3311 or 1-866-661-3311 which is open 24 hours a day. or call 1-800-SUICIDE, 1-800-784-2433 for help. Some people are afraid or even ashamed to show their face and say they are suicidal, so some people would rather call a helpline.

Make a Difference
Canadian statistics

Each year, on average, 294 youth die by suicide. Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 10-24, following motor vehicle collisions. Although suicide rates for 10- to 19-year-olds have remained consistently below the overall suicide rates, suicides in this age group began to rise in the early 1960s and tripled by the late 1970s. In recent years, the rate for 15- to 19-year-olds has begun to approach the general population's rate of 13 per 100,000. Suicide rates for 10- to 14-year-olds have also increased, but remain below 2.5 per 100,000. Studies show a significant percentage of adolescents contemplate, plan or attempt suicide without seeking or receiving help. Males are less likely than females to seek help from any source.

Alberta statistics

In 2003, there were two suicides in Alberta among youth aged 14 or younger and 15 among youth aged 15 to 19. (Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Province of Alberta, 2005.)

Research shows that in Alberta, for every death by suicide:
-approximately 50 people will engage in some kind of suicidal behavior, and
-at least 1,000 people will have thought of suicide at some point in their lives.

Taking all non-fatal suicidal behaviors and deaths by suicide together, the incidence of suicide becomes an significant public issue that requires everyone's involvement in prevention.

Suicide is a very serious topic that affects many people around the world each and everyday. Suicide sadly is the act of killing ones self intentionally. The rate of suicide in young people is increasing and it is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 10-24, following motor vehicle collisions.

Suicidal people feel as if no ones needs them or wants them here and that no one would care if they were gone. They feel worthless, and feel that they are a burden to others and in desperation they see death as their only way out, to escape from their pain and suffering.
Suicidal people are in so much distress (from depression, bullying, relationship issues or whatever it may be) that they feel as if ending their life is easier then living another day, but suicide is not the answer. The best thing to do is to get help immediately and know that everything will get better, stay strong.

I would do anything to make a difference. I would spread awareness and raise money to fund mental illness.
If someone was to tell me they were suicidal or if I saw signs, I would tell someone and get them immediate help and I would support them.
I make sure my friends know I care about them and that if they ever need to talk , I will listen and help them.
In Grade Eight I had to prepare a speech and read it in front of the class and the topic I chose was Suicide. I wanted to spread awareness and possibly save a life.
I have done a walk to raise money and awareness for Mental Health, I would love to do it again.
I also choose to do this Prezi on depression and suicide, because this topic is something I feel must be heard. Awareness must be spread. I will share this Prezi on my Facebook and I hope people will see this and learn something from it and possible help someone in need. I hope this Prezi will make a difference.
I would do anything to make a difference. I would spread awareness and raise money to fund mental illness.
I will lend a helping hand: If someone was to tell me about their depression or other issues, or if I knew they were struggling something, I would talk to them, support them and help them as best as I could. (If someone told me they were thinking or going to harm them self or commit suicide, I would tell someone and get help then and there.)
On my Facebook if someone makes a status about how they are sad or feeling down, I always make sure they know I am there for them and if they want to talk, I will listen.
Not only on Facebook, but to the friends around me I make sure they know I care about them and that if they ever need to talk, I will listen and do what I can to help them.
I have done a walk to raise money and awareness for Mental Health, I would love to do it again.
I also choose to do this Prezi on depression and suicide, because this topic is something I feel must be heard. Awareness must be spread. I will share this Prezi on my social media sites and I hope people will see this and learn something from it and possibly help someone in need. I hope this Prezi will make a difference.

Community Resources
Where I got the information from Prezi:

http://chealth.canoe.ca/channel_condition_info_details.asp disease_id=135&channel_id=40&relation_id=55627
of Prezi
If you feel depressed or suicidal, you must get help right away. You need to know that even if you may feel alone, you are not, and remember there are many people who care about you and will support you. You are important and need to stay positive and keep pushing forward.
I wish I could have told my cousin this, but I did not know he had depression, no one knew, until one day he committed suicide. This was horrific news that a family member of mine whom lived a few provinces away is gone. My family and I flew down to Ontario from Alberta. Sad to visit my home town for a horrible occasion, for the unthinkable. My cousins suicide affected us all, if only we knew about his illness, we could have helped him.

Additionally, when back in Ontario, my family and I, my relatives and their friends as well as plenty of people from the community walked to raise money and awareness for mental health. Ever bought tshirts and the proceeds went toward mental health as well. That day, we all helped make a change and I can still continue on making a change by wearing the t shirt I wore during the walk to spread awareness and possible help someone.
(See Images Below.)
Never feel worthless or feel that no one cares about you, you are special and no one could ever replace you. And know that in life you may go through some tough times, but everything will get better and be okay.
Literary References and Research
Public Health Agency:
"Mood disorders are very real illnesses that can have serious and sometimes fatal results. " In my point of view, depression is a serious illness affecting many people. Many do not realize how serious it can be and how it does not only affect the person with the illness, but other around them as well. Depression can also result to suicide and suicidal people also do not realize how their actions can effect others such as family and friends. I have had a relative whom pass away from this. I wrote about it at the end of the Prezi to show my point of view.

Depression Research:

National Institute of Mental Health: Depression Information

Helpful Books about Depression:


There is resources listed near the bottom of this website for suicide,

I would recommend: http://depressionhurts.ca as well. On this website is a lot of information upon depression.

What you can do to help yourself, if you feel depressed:

You could also get information about suicide from: suicideinfo.ca

Resource Toolkits:

Depression Article References:
Id also like to share with you this video of my two cousins performing a song Brandon (whom on the left) wrote.
Jordon on the right is the one I've been telling you about, the one who passed away.
"Step into the sunshine, you don't have to hide."

My uncle told me that my cousin Brandon on the left wrote the song...
Thank you for viewing my Prezi.

-Suicide accounts for 24% of all deaths among 15-24 year olds and 16% among 25-44 year olds.
-Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in both men and women from adolescence to middle age.
-The mortality rate due to suicide among men is four times the rate among women.

(At the end of this Prezi is a bibliography of the websites from which I got the information.)
-Almost one half (49%) of those who feel they have suffered from depression or anxiety have never gone to see a doctor about the problem!
-Today, approximately 5% of male youth and 12% of female youth, age 12 to 19, have experienced a major depressive episode.
-The total number of 12-19 year olds in Canada at risk for developing depression is a staggering 3.2 million.
-Once depression is recognized, help can make a difference for 80% of people who are affected, allowing them to get back to their regular activities.
-Mental illness is increasingly threatening the lives of our children; with Canada’s youth suicide rate the third highest in the industrialized world.
-Suicide is among the leading causes of death in 15-24 year old Canadians, second only to accidents; 4,000 people die prematurely each year by suicide.

(Teen depression can lead to drug and alcohol abuse, self-loathing and self-mutilation, pregnancy, violence, and even suicide.)

Also: http://strategy.mentalhealthcommission.ca/the-facts/
"No matter what you're going through, there's a light at the end of the tunnel and it may seem hard to get to it but you can do it and just keep working towards it and you'll find the positive side of things."
-Demi Lovato

"No matter what you're going through, there's a light at the end of the tunnel and it may seem hard to get to it, but you can do it and just keep working towards it and you'll find the positive side of things."
-Demi Lovato


In my perspective this quote is powerful and truly sincere. Demi Lovato is known around world by her music and acting, but she had also been on the news and all over the internet for depression and cutting herself. She was in rehabs and went to get help as soon as she could. She has been through a lot and this quote shows that you can make it through anything. Life's a climb, you just have to keep your head up. Everything will get better, just stay positive and never give up. Demi is an inspiration, and a role model.

Depression may be caused by one factor alone or a combination of factors including biological, psychological and environmental (linked to social or family environment) factors.

-About 1 in 10 Canadians will experience an episode of major depressive disorder (the diagnosis given to those suffering from depression) during their lifetime.
-About 11% of men and 16% of women in Canada will experience major depression in the course of their lives.
-In Canada, only 1 out of 5 children who need mental health services receives them.
-Depression is among the leading causes of disability worldwide
-Women are more likely than men to experience depression
-People with a family history of depression may be more likely to develop depression.
-People with chronic illnesses may also be susceptible to depression.
Major Depressive Disorder:
Major depressive disorder is the most common disorder. It is characterized by a fairly lengthy period of time (at least two weeks) during which a person feels sad or hopeless or lacks focus in life, on a daily or almost daily basis, for the most part of each day. This condition is associated with many other symptoms which can have repercussions emotionally, socially, professionally and in other significant areas of life. Fortunately, if properly managed, recovery is possible for patients suffering from major depressive disorder.

"Seasonal depression":
There is a type of depression that occurs in association with a loss of daylight, as happens during the winter in Canada. This “seasonal depression” is also referred to as seasonal affective disorder or SAD, and affects between 3% and 5% of Canadian adults. For those that suffer from this form of depression, the symptoms usually come on in the fall and lift with the arrival of spring.

Postpartum Depression:
Following the birth of a child, a woman’s hormone levels dip quite profoundly. This may result in the new mother feeling depressed. This is known as a postpartum depressive episode. It is believed that postpartum depression may be linked to rapidly shifting hormones.

Although it is often a painful process, grieving is a normal and necessary response to a loss. Depending on the individual, this period can last weeks, months or even years. A significant loss can trigger genuine depression. However, grief does not normally lead to depression.

There are four types of Depression. Major Depressive Disorder, "Seasonal Depression," Postpartum Depression and Bereavement.
Information copied from >>>

I recommend this website for information upon depression. Two Thumbs Up!
There are emotional, physical, behavioral, and cognitive symptoms.
Symptoms of Depression
Emotional Symptoms: These symptoms are related to emotions. A depressed person may feel sad, hopeless, have little interest in things they used to and may feel overwhelmed.

Physical Symptoms: The impact of depression is not always “mental,” it can affect the body as well. People with depression may complain of unexplained aches and pains.

Behavioral Symptoms: When a person suffers from depression, they may behave differently. A person who is lively and cheerful may become slow and uninterested in what is going on around them.

Cognitive Symptoms: Depression can also impair one’s ability to think and reflect and can affect memory
As you see, Depression has many challenges you may face which may make it seem like it is a long road ahead, but you must know that there a light at the end of the tunnel, you can get through it. Life's a climb.
There are many people out there going through the same thing, you are not alone, depression impacts many people all around the world! You also need to remember that there are people there for you every step of the way. Loved ones are always there for you and are impacted as well, because they care about you and do not want you going through distress and doctors, councilors, physicians are all there for you to get you the help you need to make you have a great quality of life!
Suicide can be a consequence of depression, and the consequence of suicide, is death by killing one self intentionally. When someone cannot cope with their depression anymore, they feel like there is nothing else they can do, that there is no light at the end of the tunnel, but there is! Suicidal people think death is the only way out and they do not think about how their actions will impact others. Loosing a loved one from suicide in my experience, is agony. My cousins suicide affected many people, including relatives, friends and even the community. No one knew he had depression or was suicidal, not even his best friend. Till this day we all think of him and we wish we could have turned back time. And my Uncle blames himself for what has happened. He wishes he would have woke up a few minutes earlier the night of the incident, then maybe he could have saved his son.

The consequence of being suicidal would possibly feeling worthless and alone, as well as harming/injuring yourself, and suicide, but the challenge is to overcome the suicidal thoughts and to decide and go through with getting help before it is to late. Step out of your dark place and into the sunshine. Stay strong and know everything will get better.
(The consequence for others whom have lost someone to suicide is distress. They have to live each and everyday knowing you are not there, mourning the loss of a loved one.)
Suicide impacts many people around the world each and every day.
As you see, there are many factors that can contribute to the cause of depression and that impact many people around the world each and everyday. The challenge is to keep moving forward and to never give up. When on your own it is hard, so another challenge is to decide and go through with getting help for yourself.
(Not all the situations listed have the same affect on everyone, therefore they can impact people differently. Some people could be majorly affected by a situation, while others may have went through the same thing, thinking its alright. For example a divorce. Some teens may think it is the best thing for his/her parents because they never got along anyway or possibly the teen may think that it is the worst thing that could happen to them, which could result with the teen committing suicide. So all of these factors are possible causes of suicide.)

Here is a website for some resources you may find helpful when it comes to understanding depression or helping a loved one on the road to recovery.

All of this information was accessed in the month of June 2014
Did you know there are different types of Depression?
-Feeling down in the dumps, hopeless, worthless, lonely or possibly angry or irritable

-Not wanted to leave your house or possibly bed
-Social Alienation

-Relationship Problems

-Affect your Eating and Sleeping Patterns

-Harming Yourself


-Reckless Behavior

-School Problems

-Substance Abuse

-Eating Disorders

-Health Concerns

-Low Self Esteem

"You don't have to feel like a wasted space, your original, cannot be replaced, if you only knew what the future holds after a hurricane comes a rainbow."
-Katy Perry, Firework 1:33 - 1:48
Also, you can make lifestyle changes to help.
-Exercise. Regular exercise can be as effective at treating depression as medication. Not only does exercise boost serotonin, endorphins, and other feel-good brain chemicals, it triggers the growth of new brain cells and connections, just like antidepressants do. Best of all, you don’t have to train for a marathon in order to reap the benefits. Even a half-hour daily walk can make a big difference. For maximum results, aim for 30 to 60 minutes of aerobic activity on most days.

-Nutrition. Eating well is important for both your physical and mental health. Eating small, well-balanced meals throughout the day will help you keep your energy up and minimize mood swings. While you may be drawn to sugary foods for the quick boost they provide, complex carbohydrates are a better choice. They'll get you going without the all-too-soon sugar crash.

-Sleep. Sleep has a strong effect on mood. When you don't get enough sleep, your depression symptoms will be worse. Sleep deprivation exacerbates irritability, moodiness, sadness, and fatigue. Make sure you're getting enough sleep each night. Very few people do well on less than 7 hours a night. Aim for somewhere between 7 to 9 hours each night.

-Social support. Strong social networks reduce isolation, a key risk factor for depression. Keep in regular contact with friends and family, or consider joining a class or group. Volunteering is a wonderful way to get social support and help others while also helping yourself.

-Stress reduction. Make changes in your life to help manage and reduce stress. Too much stress exacerbates depression and puts you at risk for future depression. Take the aspects of your life that stress you out, such as work overload or unsupportive relationships, and find ways to minimize their impact.
This is another quote that is meaningful. You can sometimes feel like you are in a dark place, meaning you could feel down or worthless, alone etc, but you don't have to be afraid to tell someone about what you are feeling and get help!
By Shaianna Venema
As you see, depression impacts many people around the world each and every day and half of people who feel they have depression will not see a doctor! Depression is a serious mental illness with many consequences, so the best thing to do is to get help! Ive been saying this a lot throughout this Prezi, but it is true! You must get help to feel better a live a good quality life.
As you see, mental illness is serious and suicide is a major consequence, threatening/taking many lives, not only in Canada, but all around the world. Many people die from suicide everyday and rates are increasing, which is upsetting. If they knew that getting help will give them a better quality of life.
Do not commit suicide, your original, never can be replaced.
-Over one million people die by suicide worldwide each year.
-The global suicide rate is 16 per 100,000 population.
-On average, one person dies by suicide every 40 seconds somewhere in the world.
-1.8% of worldwide deaths are suicides.
-Global suicide rates have increased 60% in the past 45 years.
You can also look at --> http://www.suicide.org/international-suicide-statistics.html
There are also community resources which include services and programs for treatment and recovery.
Constant sadness, almost every day.
This feeling of sadness can occur for no apparent reason (such as a serious event). It can be intense and feel like there is nothing that will make it go away.
Feeling of worthlessness, of excessive or inappropriate guilt
A depressed person often experiences negative and unrealistic feelings of guilt.
Dark or suicidal thoughts
These ideas can occur frequently during depression. They must be taken very seriously and the person must ask for help right away if they are experiencing such emotions.
Loss of interest or pleasure in favourite activities
This loss of interest may affect all areas of life: from previous hobbies (going to movies, reading, shopping…) to everyday activities the person used to enjoy (cooking, doing odd jobs, playing with the children…).

Low energy
People with depression often feel low on energy, even when they have not exerted themselves. This depressive fatigue is characterized by the fact that neither rest nor sleep alleviate it.
Psychomotor impairment
Depression may make one feel as if everything is slowed down – slowed speech, thinking, and body movements; increased pauses before answering; speech that is decreased in volume, inflection, amount or variety of content, or muteness may accompany depression.
Aches and pains
Depression can be accompanied by physical pain (headaches, joint pain, stomach pain and other pains).
Insomnia or its opposite, hypersomnia
Sleep is often broken and unrefreshing. The person often wakes up in the early hours and mental anguish prevents him or her from getting back to sleep. Other cases can include excessive sleep.
Change in weight
Often weight loss or weight gain is a significant sign in diagnosing depression.

Change in appetite
Most commonly, appetite is decreased: food seems tasteless and servings too large. Conversely, people sometimes increase their food consumption (especially sweets) which can result in weight gain.
Impression of restlessness
For some people depression makes them feel very agitated and almost jumpy (for example inability to sit still, pacing, hand-wringing, fiddling with clothes or other items, etc.)

Difficulty making decisions or focusing and concentrating.
Depression can cause one to experience diminished ability to think or concentrate, or cause one to demonstrate indecisiveness.

Emotional Symptoms:
Physical Symptoms:
Behavioural Symptoms:
Cognitive Symptoms:
"If you are experiencing some of the symptoms in the list above and they are affecting your life, do not hesitate to ask for help: you may be suffering from depression.

In this case, seeing a doctor is a crucial step. But, do not overlook the help you can get from those around you – and what you can do to look after yourself.

Only a doctor can diagnose depression."

"Sometimes the biggest hurdle to getting better and moving forward is the depression itself. For example, a depressed person often removes themselves from the presence of comforting and encouraging loved ones or ceases to participate in activities of personal interest as result of being depressed, which might further contribute to their condition."
There is also a Symptoms Checklist on

"Whether you think you may be suffering from depression or are currently being treated, the symptom checklist allows you to learn about depression and the symptoms you may be experiencing."

Go Check It Out.


The Science Behind Depression

Many researchers share the view that depression is caused by an imbalance of naturally occurring chemicals, known as neurotransmitters,found throughout the brain and the body. Neurotransmitters help transport messages between nerve cells.Serotonin and norepinephrine are two examples of these neurotransmitters. In the brain, serotonin and norepinephrine are thought to be associated with mood as well as regulating and reducing feelings of pain that come from the body.Dopamine is another neurotransmitter that is thought to be associated with appetite, loss of pleasure and energy or drive.

Here are a few treatment options your doctor may recommend:


Medications are designed to increase the levels of neurotransmitters that affect mood. There are many different types of medication, each designed to act somewhat differently in the brain. Some of the most common older classes of antidepressants are Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs). Newer classes of antidepressants include Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) and Norepinephrine Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors (NNRIs).20 Studies have shown that up to 2/3 of patients will not experience full remission with the first antidepressant.21 So, finding the right medication requires ongoing consultation with your physician and pharmacist, with the support of family and friends.

Talk Therapy

There are many forms of talk therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy is the most studied and is an effective treatment for depression.Cognitive behavioural therapy helps people correct negative thought patterns and better adapt to the world around them.

Talk therapy has few known risks to speak of and is generally considered to be safe. For more information on cognitive behavioural therapy, you may want to visit www.canmat.org.

Lifestyle Changes

Depression can affect many different areas of your life. As a result your doctor may recommend specific lifestyle changes that include exercise, nutrition and proper sleep. Another good idea may be to reach out to friends and family for support, as well as taking the time to be social with others.

"Getting help for your depression can change your life. Do not wait – depression is an illness that can, and should, be treated."
This website has a lot of useful information about depression including information about Treatment. Th treatments listed are the same as I have listed earlier, but this site applies

Negative Experiences!
But suicide impacts many people around the world each and everyday and I would say the challenge be trying to stay strong and do not give up. Also, when on your own it is hard, so another challenge is to decide and go through with getting help for yourself immediately even though sometimes you feel as if you don't need it or want to do it.
All of these consequences have a negative impact. With depression all of the listed consequence are possible. With not getting help, the resulting consequences you have got from depression are challenges that are hard to diminish alone, so why not get help and concur the consequences as well as depression and therefore live a healthier, greater quality life.
If you feel like giving up and commiting suicide or feel you could harm yourself, GET HELP IMMEDIATELY.
I wish Jordon would have "Stepped into the Sunshine" and got help.
Full transcript