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hasib_2_unit_1

إعداد : م.محمد سالم الوهاشي "أتمنى الدعاء بالمغفرة لي و لوالدي" حاسب آلي الي 2 مقررات حاسب 2 مقررات للتواصل m.s.wahashi@gmail.com +966545913244
by

Mohammed Salem

on 14 November 2017

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Transcript of hasib_2_unit_1

Client
Client
Client
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻹﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
Internet
ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
Local Area Network (LAN)
ﺔﻴﻧﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)
ﺔﻌﺳﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
Wide Area Network (WAN)
(ﻰﻨﺒﻣ) ﺓﺩﺪﺤﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟ دتمت
ﺕﺎﻛﺮﺸﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺴﺳﺆﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ
ﻰﻨﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺾﻌﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒﺑ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻂﺑﺮﻟ
: ﺎﻬﻣﻮﻬﻔﻣ
0110101100110101001
0110101100110101001
0110101001
010110101100110101001
0110101100110101001
01100110101011010010101
0110101001
011001101010
01100110101010
010111001101010
010110101100110101001
01101010101001
01100110101010
01101010101001
Internet ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﺇ
PAN ﺔﻴﺼﺨﺷ
LAN ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻣ
MAN ﺔﻴﻧﺪﻣ
WAN ﺔﻌﺳﻮﻣ
ﺔﻴﺼﺨﺸﻟﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
Personal Area Network (PAN)
ﺔﻴﺼﺨﺸﻟﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻻﺍ ﻂﺑﺮﻟ ﻑﺪﻬﺗ
(ﺔﻌﺑﺎﻃ) ﺎﻬﺗﺎﻘﺣﻼﻣ ﻭ (ﻝﻮﻤﺤﻣ/ﻲﺼﺨﺷ ﺐﺳﺎﺣ - ﻝﺍﻮﺠﻟﺍ )
(ﺔﻓﺮﻏ) ﺓﺮﻴﻐﺻ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ
ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻤﻌﻤﺑ ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ : ﻝﺎﺜﻣ
: ﻦﻴﻤﺴﻗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻢﺴﻘﻨﺗ
Peer To Peer ﺪﻨﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺪﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
Server-Client ﻞﻴﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻡﺩﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻊﻗﺍﻮﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻉﺯﻮﺘﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ
ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﻞﺋﺎﺳﻭ ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺑ ﻂﺑﺮﺗ ﻭ
ﺔﻴﻤﻗﺮﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺗ ﻭ ﻊﻤﺠﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﺗ ﻭ
ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﻄﺒﺗﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻙﺍﺮﺘﺷﻻﺍ ﻭ
ﺎﻬﻣﻮﻬﻔﻣ -->
: ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺓﺪﺣﻮﻟﺍ
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻹﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ
ﻦﻣ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺷ ﻉﺍﻮﻧﺃ ﻢﺴﻘﻨﺗ
: ﻡﺎﺴﻗﺍ 5 ﻰﻟﺇ ﻲﻧﺎﻜﻤﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻄﻨﻟﺍ ﺚﻴﺣ
Client
Client
Client
Client
Server
Client
Client
Client
Client
ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺪﻘﻟﺍ ةقئاف ةزهجأ دعت
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻗ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻣ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺘﻟ مدحتست
Server مداخلا
ﺕﺍﺪﺣﻭ ﻭﺍ ﺔﻴﺼﺨﺷ ﺐﺳﺎﺣ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺍ ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﻲﻫ
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻮﻛﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ ﺔﻴﻓﺮﻃ
Client
Client
Client
ﺔﻄﺒﺗﺮﻣ - ﻲﺼﺨﺸﻟﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺎﻛ - ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺃ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﻲﻫ
Server ﻡﺩﺎﺧ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﺟﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒﺑ
ﻞﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﺑ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﺞﻣﺍﺮﺑ ﻱﺍ ﺮﻓﻮﺘﺗ ﻻ
ﺓﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﻩﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻲﻓ ﻪﺒﻏﺮﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﻭﺍ ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺗ ﻙﺮﺘﺸﻣ
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﺘﻛﺭﺎﺸﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺐﻏﺮﻳ ﻲﻟﺍ ﺭﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﻙﺮﺘﺸﻣ ﻞﻛ ددﺤﻳ
Peer To Peer دنلل دن
ﺔﻨﻳﺪﻣ ﺩﻭﺪﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ
/ﻯﺮﺒﻛ ﺔﻛﺮﺷ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﺣ ﺔﻬﺟ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﺗ/
ﺔﻋﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺋﺎﻓ ﻞﺳﺍﺮﺗ ﺓﺭﺪﻗ
ﻢﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻴﺒﻛ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﻻ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ
ﺔﻨﻳﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﻙﻮﻨﺒﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﺰﻛﺍﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ لاثم
/ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻚﻠﻤﻳ ﺩﺮﻓ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺭﺍﺪﺗ/
/ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ/
(ﻥﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ) ﺓﺮﻴﺒﻛ ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ
ﺔﻟﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﻲﻟﻵﺍ ﻑﺮﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ:لاثم
ﻱﺩﻮﻌﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺪﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﺴﺳﺆﻣ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺭﺍﺪﺗ
/ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺔﻴﺌﻫ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺭﺍﺪﺗ/
ﺕﺎﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﻃ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﺗﻭﺎﻔﺘﻣ
(ﻝﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ) ﻝﺎﻴﻣﻷﺍ ﻑﻻﺁ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ
ﻲﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺗ
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺗ ﺎﻬﺳﺎﺳﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ
.
.
ﺮﺋﺍﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗ
(Circuit Switching)
ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻬﺘﻧﺍ ﻰﺘﺣ ﺯﻮﺠﺤﻣ -ﺮﺋﺍﻭﺪﻟﺍ- ﻂﺨﻟﺍ ﻞﻈﻳ
ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻞﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﺍ ﻂﺧ ﺀﺎﺸﻧﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ
.
.
ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻞﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ ًﺎﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ ًﺍﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﺬﺧﺄﻳ ﻑﻭﺮﻈﻣ ﻞﻛ
ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗ
(Forward Packet Switching)
(packet) ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻣ/ﻡﺰﺣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻠﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ
(router) ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﻭﺍﺪﻣ ﺮﺒﻋ ﻑﻭﺮﻈﻣ/ﺔﻣﺰﺣ ﻞﻛ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ
.
,ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻢﺛ ﻡﺰﺣ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﺋﺰﺠﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ
ﻪﺴﻔﻧ ﺭﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻠﻛ ﻚﻠﺴﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ
ﺔﻴﻠﻴﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﺋﺍﻭﺪﻠﻟ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗ
Virtual Circut Switching
ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﻭ ﺮﺋﺍﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻊﻤﺠﺗ
ًﻻﻭﺃ ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻞﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻢﺳﺭ ﻢﺘﻳ
.
.
.
ﻪﺴﻔﻧ ﺭﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﺴﺗ ﻭ , ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﺴﻘﺗ , ﺭﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺰﺠﺤﺗ -3
: ﺺﺨﻠﻣ
ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﺘﺋﺰﺠﺗ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﻪﻌﻓﺩ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﺳﺮﺗ ﻢﺛ ,ﺭﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺰﺠﺤﺗ -1
ﺭﺎﺴﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺮﺜﻛﺍ ﻚﻠﺴﺗ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ , ﺎﻬﻠﺳﺮﺗ ﻢﺛ ,ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﺴﻘﺗ-2
: ﻲﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﻻﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺃ
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﺎﻄﺑ
Network Card
ﻡﺩﻮﻤﻟﺍ
Modem
ﻊﻤﺠﻤﻟﺍ
Hub
ﻝﻮﺤﻤﻟﺍ/ﻪﺟﻮﻤﻟﺍ
Router
ﺮﺴﺠﻟﺍ
Bridge
ﻝﺪﺒﻤﻟﺍ
Switch
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺓﺎﻨﻘﺑ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻟﺍ ﻂﺑﺮﻟ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ
ﻒﺗﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﻂﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻣﺩﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻻﺍ ﻝﻮﺤﻳ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻮﻫ
ﺲﻜﻌﻟﺍ ﻭ Digital ﻰﻟﺇ Analog ﻦﻣ
but I only understand 1 and 0
Nice picture ;)
ﺔﻟﻵﺍ ﺔﻐﻟ
now we can talk ;)
,ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒﺑ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻞﺑﺎﻴﻛ ﻂﺑﺮﻟ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ
ﺕﺍﻮﻨﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﺍﻮﻨﻘﻟﺍ ﺪﺣﺃ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻷﺍ ﺚﺒﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﻳ ﻭ
ﺎﻬﻠﻫﺎﺠﺘﺗ ﺎﻬﻨﻜﻟ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻻﺍ ﻞﺒﻘﺘﺴﺗ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻻﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ : ﺔﻈﺣﻼﻣ
ﺚﺑ ﻦﻣ ﻻﺪﺑ ﺚﻴﺣ , ﻪﻨﻣ ﻰﻛﺫﺍ ﻪﻧﺍ ﻻﺇ HUB ﻪﺒﺸﻳ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻮﻫ
ﻪﻴﻟﺍ ﻞﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻠﻟ ﻂﻘﻓ ﺎﻬﺜﺑ ﻢﺘﻳ, ﺕﺍﻮﻨﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺠﻟ ﻩﺭﺎﺷﻻﺍ
HUB ﻦﻣ ﻰﻛﺫﺍ ﺎﻀﻳﺃ ربتعي ,ﻦﻴﺘﻴﻠﺤﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﻜﺒﺷ ﻂﺑﺮﻟ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻂﺑﺮﻳ ﻪﻧﺍ ﺚﻴﺣ , ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒﺑ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻂﺑﺮﻳ
: ﻲﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻞﺳﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﺮﺳ
ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ
ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ
ﺔﻴﺑﻮﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ
Access point ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺔﻄﻘﻧ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺃ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻴﻳﻼﻣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻂﺑﺮﺗ ﺔﻌﺳﻮﻣ ﺐﺳﺎﺣ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﻲﻫ
ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺗ ﻭ ﻞﻘﻨﻟ ﻢﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﺣ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻭ

م1969

ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺃ ﻂﺑﺮﻟ ﻉﻭﺮﺸﻤﻛ ﺔﻳﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺕﺄﺸﻧ
ARPANET ﻢﺳﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻠﻃﺍ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ , ﺔﻴﻜﻳﺮﻣﻷﺍ ﻉﺎﻓﺪﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻮﻟ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻟﺍ
ﺙﻮﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﺰﻛﺍﺮﻣ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻌﻣﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺍ ﻂﺑﺭ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﺎﻴﺠﻳﺭﺪﺗ ﻊﺳﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﻤﺘﺳﺍ ﻢﺛ

HTTP ﺔﻴﺗﻮﺒﻜﻨﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺍﺪﻣ
ﺕﺎﺤﻔﺻ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻱﻮﺘﺤﻳ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺟﻣ
JAVA & HTML ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﺠﻣﺮﺑ ﺕﺎﻐﻟ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﺔﻤﺼﺼﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﺇ
URL
(Uniform Resource Locator)
Browser ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺢﻔﺼﺘﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﻊﻗﺍﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﻚﻨﻜﻤﻳ
HTTP
(Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
WWW
(World Wide Web)
.com -->commercial
.org -->organization
.sa -->Saudi Arabia
.ca --> Canada
.jp -->Japan
http://www.alaqsa.edu.sa
.edu -->education
ﺔﻴﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﺤﻔﺼﻟﺍ ﺐﻠﺟ ﻪﺘﻔﻴﻇو
ﻙﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻡﺩﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻦﻣ
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟ DNS ﻡﺎﻈﻧ
ﻊﻗﺍﻮﻤﻟﺍ IP ﻡﺎﻗﺭﺍ ﻞﻴﻟﺩ ﺔﺑﺎﺜﻤﺑ ﻮﻫ
google.com
youtube.com
steampowered.com
209.85.227.103
173.194.69.190
92.123.208.28
ﻢﺘﻳ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺀﺎﺸﻧﺍ ﻢﺘﻓ , ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﻞﻛ IP ﻢﻗﺭ ﺮﻛﺬﺗ ﺐﻌﺼﻳ ﺚﻴﺣ
ﺎﻫﺮﻛﺬﺗ ﻞﻬﺴﻴﻟ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﻻﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻻﺎﺑ ﺯﻮﻣﺮﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻑﻭﺮﺤﻟﺍ ﻪﻴﻓ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ
E-mail ﻲﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹﺍ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ
ﺔﻴﺼﻧ ﻞﺋﺎﺳﺭ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻙﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻜﻤﺗ ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺗ ﻲﻫ
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺮﺒﻋ ﻦﻳﺮﺧﺁ ﻦﻴﻛﺮﺘﺸﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ةينورتكلإ قئﺎﺛﻭ ﻭﺍ
: ﻲﻧﺎﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹﺍ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺪﺧ ﻱﺩﻭﺰﻣ ﺮﻬﺷﺍ
: ﻲﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹﺍ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺍﺪﻣ
ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻣ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻭ ﺐﻠﺟ ﺎﻬﻟﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺮﻣﺍﻭﺃ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺘﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﺗ
ﻙﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻭ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺩﺎﺧ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻲﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹﺍ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﺋﺎﺳﺭ
POP3, IMAP,SMTP : ﻲﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻻﺍ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﻭﺍﺪﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﺎﺜﻣ
ﻦﻳﺮﻜﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺟﺎﺣ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺸﻤﻠﻟ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺣﺎﺗﺈﺑ ﺰﻴﻤﺘﺗ
ﻡﺩﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻟ ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﺏﻮﻠﺳﺍ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻤﻟ
File Transfer ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ ﺔﻣﺪﺧ
ﺎﻬﻟﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺃ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺮﻣﺍﻭﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺘﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﺗ
ﻙﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻟ ﻡﺩﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻠﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻭ ﻒﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﺰﻨﺗ
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) ﺔﻟﻭﺍﺪﻣ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ
: ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺠﺣﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺙﺪﺤﺘﻨﻟ ﻻﻭﺃ
TeraByte
TB
KiloByte
KB
GigaByte
GB
MegaByte
MB
Byte
B
: ﻪﻴﻓﺎﺿﺍ ﺔﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ
PetaByte
PB
ExaByte
EB
ZettaByte
ZB
YottaByte
YB
؟ bit & Byte ﻦﻴﺑ ﻕﺮﻓ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻞﻫ ﻭ ؟ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ ﺲﻴﻟ ﻭ ـﺑ ﺱﺎﻘﺗ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ ﺔﻋﺮﺳ ﻦﻜﻟ
Megabit
Kilobit
KiloByte
MegaByte
1 و 0 ﺔﻴﺌﻫ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺍﺮﻗ ﻢﺘﻳ
زومرلا و فورحلا<--ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻞﻴﺜﻤﺘﻟ ﻲﻔﻜﻳ ﻻ ﻩﺪﺣﻮﻟ bit 1 ﻥﺃ ﺎﻤﺑ
(ﻲﻔﻜﻳ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺎﻘﺑﺎﺳ) ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ نم ﻲﻔﻜﻳ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻞﻴﺜﻤﺘﻟ bit 8 ﺩﺪﻋ ﻊﻤﺟ ﻯﺮﺠﻓ
ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺮﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ ﺮﺒﻜﺗ ﺕﺃﺪﺑ
(ﻼﺜﻣ) B 5000 ﻰﻟﺇ ﺍﻮﻠﺻﻭ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ
ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺓﺮﻴﺒﻛ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﺍ ﺓﺀﺍﺮﻗ ﻖﻄﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﻦﻣ ﺢﺒﺻﺄﻓ
1024 byte = 1 KB ﺢﺒﺻﺍ ﺚﺤﺑ KB ﻲﻫ ﺱﺎﻴﻗ ﺓﺪﺣﻭ ﺀﺎﺸﻧﺍ ﺍﻭﺭﺮﻘﻓ ,
ﺮﺘﻣ 1000 = ﺮﺘﻣﻮﻠﻴﻛ 1 ﺕﺎﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻪﺒﺷﺍ ﺮﻣﻷﺍ
: ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺑ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻮﺘﺤﻳ ﻝﻭﺪﺟ ﺀﺎﺸﻧﺍ ﻢﺗ
KiloByte
GigaByte
MegaByte
Byte
x 1024
x 1024
x 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
GB ﻰﻟﺇ MB 2400 ﻦﻣ ﻝﻮﺣ / ﻝﺎﺜﻣ
باوجلا
2400 ÷ 1024
GB 2.3 =
KB ﻰﻟﺇ GB 3 ﻦﻣ ﻝﻮﺣ / ﻝﺎﺜﻣ
باوجلا
3 x 1024 x 1024
MB 3145728 =
GB ﻰﻟﺇ B ﻦﻣ ﻝﻮﺣ / ﻝﺎﺜﻣ
171
28.6
Kilobit
Gigabit
Megabit
bit
x 1000
x 1000
x 1000
÷ 1000
÷ 1000
÷ 1000
KiloByte
GigaByte
MegaByte
Byte
x 1024
x 1024
x 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
x 8
÷ 8
Kilobyte 100 ﻪﻤﺠﺣ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﻻ ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ
؟ (ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ/ﺖﺑ) bit/sec 25000 ﺎﻬﺘﻋﺮﺳ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﺮﺒﻋ
bit ﺱﺎﻴﻗ ﺓﺪﺣﻭ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻒﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﺠﺣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﺐﺠﻳ: ًﻻﻭﺍ
100
x
1024
x
8
=
819200
ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﺣ :ًﺎﻴﻧﺎﺛ
bit 819200
bit/sec 25000
=
32.768
bit
sec
Megabyte 1 ﻪﻤﺠﺣ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﻻ ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ
؟ (ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ/ﺖﺑ) bit/sec 45000 ﺎﻬﺘﻋﺮﺳ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﺮﺒﻋ
bit ﺱﺎﻴﻗ ﺓﺪﺣﻭ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻒﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﺠﺣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﺐﺠﻳ: ًﻻﻭﺍ
1
x
1024
x
8
=
8388608
bit
x
1024
ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﺣ :ًﺎﻴﻧﺎﺛ
bit 8388608
bit/sec 45000
=
186.41
sec
Gegabyte 2.3 ﻪﻤﺠﺣ ﻒﻠﻣ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﻻ ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ
؟ (ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ/ﺖﺑ اجيم) megabit/sec 20 ﺎﻬﺘﻋﺮﺳ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﺮﺒﻋ
bit ﺱﺎﻴﻗ ﺓﺪﺣﻭ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻒﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﺠﺣ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ ﺐﺠﻳ: ًﻻﻭﺍ
19756849561.6
2.3
x
1024
x
8
=
bit
x
1024
x
1024
ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﺣ : ًﺎﺜﻟﺎﺛ
bit 19756849561.6
bit/sec ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺗ :ًﺎﻴﻧﺎﺛ
20
x
x
=
1000
1000
20000000
bit/sec
bit/sec 20000000
987.84
=
sec
to Minutes
÷60
987.84
60
=
Min16.46
bit ـﻟﺍ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻲﻫ ﻞﺳﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﺮﺳ ﻥﺃ ﺞﺘﻨﺘﺴﻧ ﻪﻠﻛ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻦﻣ
ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ/ﺖﺑ ﺎﻬﺳﺎﻴﻗ ﺓﺪﺣﻭ .ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ
ﺩﺪﻋ ﺪﻤﺘﻌﺘﻓ ﺎﻫﺮﻴﻏ ﻭ wireless ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻠﻟ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻣﺍ
(ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ/ﺓﺭﻭﺩ) ﺰﺗﺮﻫ ﺎﻬﺳﺎﻴﻗ ﺓﺪﺣﻭ , ﺩﺩﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻱﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﻭﺪﻟﺍ
: ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﺕﻻﻭﺍﺪﻣ ﻭ ﺓﺭﺎﻤﻋ
ﻭ ﺎﻫﺩﺪﻋ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻘﺒﻄﻟﺎﻛ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﻮﻤﻧ ﻪﻳﻮﺘﺤﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻞﻛ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻲﻫ
ﺓﺭﻭﺎﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﻬﺟﺍﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻣﺎﻬﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ ﻞﻜﺑ ﺕﻻﻭﺍﺪﻤﻟﺍ
well...
Protocol
ﻦﻋ ﻝﻭﺆﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﻛﻮﺗﻭﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻮﻫ
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﻗﺎﻨﺗ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ
ﻊﻴﻄﺘﺴﺗ ﻦﻟ TCP/IP ﻝﻮﻛﻮﺗﻭﺮﺑ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻦﻣ
ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺑ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﻞﺳﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻌﻣ
ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻜﻟﺍ ﻪﻠﺧﺍﺪﺑ ﻊﻤﺠﻳ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻮﻫ ﻝﺰﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺎﺑ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ
Digital ﻰﻟﺍ Analog ﻦﻣ ﻒﺗﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﺍ ﻝﻮﺤﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ Modem ﻮﻬﻓ
ًﺎﻴﻜﻴﻠﺳ ﻻ ﻭ ًﺎﻴﻜﻠﺳ ﺕﺍﺪﺣﻮﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻜﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻞﺻﻮﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ Switch وه و
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﺑ ﺔﻴﻠﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺖﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﻞﺻﻮﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ Router ﻮﻫ ﻭ
Kilobyte ﻻ ﻭ Byte ـﺑ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﻻ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ
bit ﻲﻫ ﺓﺪﺣﻭ ﺮﻐﺻﺎﺑ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﻞﺑ
ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ bit ﺩﺪﻋ ﻢﻛ ﺮﻣﻻﺍ ﺢﺒﺼﻴﻓ
ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ bit 300 ﻞﻘﻨﻳ ﻥﺎﻛ , ﻪﻋﺍﺮﺘﺧﺍ ﻢﺗ ﻡﺩﻮﻣ ﻝﻭﺍ
ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ bit 2400 ﻞﻘﻨﻳ ﻡﺩﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﺢﺒﺻﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻘﺣﻻ ﺍﻭﺭﻮﻄﺗ ﻭ
bit 1000 = Kilobit 1 ﺢﺒﺻﺍ ﺚﻴﺤﺑ ﻩﺮﻴﺒﻜﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﻻﺍ ﺭﺎﺼﺘﺧﻻ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﺍﻭﺪﺟﻭﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻌﻟﺎﻛ
KiloByte
GigaByte
MegaByte
Byte
x 1024
x 1024
x 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
Kilobit
Gigabit
Megabit
bit
x 1000
x 1000
x 1000
÷ 1000
÷ 1000
÷ 1000
x8
÷8
KiloByte
GigaByte
MegaByte
Byte
x 1024
x 1024
x 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
÷ 1024
Kilobit
Gigabit
Megabit
bit
x 1000
x 1000
x 1000
÷ 1000
÷ 1000
÷ 1000
x8
÷8
؟ TCP/IP ﻢﻬﻓ نم ﻦﻜﻤﺘﻨﺳ ﻒﻴﻛ ﻦﻜﻟ
: ﻲﻫ ﺕﺎﻘﺒﻃ 4 ﻰﻟﺍ TCP/IP ﻝﻮﻛﻮﺗﻭﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺘﺑ صاخشالا ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﻡﺎﻗ
Applicatoin Layer ﻖﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
Network Access Layer ﻲﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﺻﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
Internet (IP)ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
Transport Layer (TCP) ﻞﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
Applicatoin Layer ﻖﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
ﻲﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﺻﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
Network Access Layer
Internet (IP)ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
Transport Layer (TCP) ﻞﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
ﻪﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺀﻲﺷ ﻞﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻮﺘﺤﺗ
http ﻝﻮﻛﻮﺗﻭﺮﺑ لثم ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺗ ﺢﻔﺼﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻤﻟﺍ
ﺎﻬﻠﻘﻧ ﻞﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ TCP ﺔﻘﺒﻃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﺳﺮﺗ ﻢﺛ ﻦﻣ ﻭ
ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﺩﻮﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻫﺎﻣ ﻢﻬﻳ ﻻ ﺔﻘﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻲﻓ
ﺎﻬﺘﻣﻼﺳ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻻﺎﺑ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ﻒﻴﻛ وه ﺔﻘﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻢﻬﻳ ﺎﻣ لك
ﻪﻤﺠﺣ ﻞﻣﺎﻜﺑ ﻒﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﺢﻴﻄﺘﺴﻳ ﻻ TCP/IP ﻝﻮﻛﻮﺗﻭﺮﺑ
Data ﻭ Header ﺔﻤﻬﻣ ﻦﻴﺌﻴﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻮﺘﺤﺗ ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻤﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ
Internet Layer(IP) ﻰﻟﺇ ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻤﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺎﻫﺪﻌﺑ
I don't care where its going.
AND It's too big
Header
Data
Header
Data
Header
Data
IP Address ــﺑ ﻰﻤﺴﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻊﻣ ﻂﻘﻓ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﺗ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
ﻝﺰﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﺎﻣ ًﺎﻋﻮﻧ ﻪﺒﺸﻳ IP Address
ﻑﻭﺮﻈﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻮﺑ IP ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ موقت
I missed
you :)
192.168.2.16
Network Access Layer ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﺏﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻜﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺎﻫﺪﻌﺑ
Header
Data
Header
Data
Header
Data
192.168.2.16
192.168.2.16
192.168.2.16
ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻴﺳﻮﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ
Header
Data
192.168.2.16
ﻱﻮﺷ ﻂﺒﺨﻠﻣ ﻊﺿﻮﻟﺍ ﻝﺍﺰﻳ ﻻ
ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻮﻳﺭﺎﻨﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﻌﻣ ﻑﻮﺷ
ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺐﺘﻜﻣ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﺐﺘﻜﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺐﻫﺬﺗ ﻦﻴﺣ
Application Layer ﻞﺜﻤﻳ ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻲﻓ
ﺔﻴﺠﺣﻻﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﺪﻳﺮﺗ ﻚﻧﺍ ﺽﺮﻔﻨﻟ
ﺎﻬﺒﻴﻛﺮﺘﺑ ﺖﻤﻗ ﻥﺍ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻚﻠﻴﻣﺰﻟ
ﻥﺃ ﻚﻴﻠﻋ ﺡﺮﺘﻘﻳ ﺪﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﺟﺭ ﺔﻟﻮﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﻢﺠﺣ ﺮﺒﻜﻟ ًﺍﺮﻈﻧ
ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛ ﺎﻬﻠﺳﺮﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻣ ًﻻﺪﺑ ﺓﺪﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻌﻄﻗ ﻞﻛ ﻞﺳﺮﺗ
Transport Layer ﻞﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ ﻞﺜﻤﻳ ﻥﻵﺍ ﺙﺪﺣﺎﻣ
ﺐﺠﻳ ﻩﺪﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ (ﺔﻣﺰﺣ) ﺔﻌﻄﻗ ﻞﻛ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻤﺑ ﻥﻵﺍ
ﺔﻌﻄﻗ ﻞﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻴﻟﺇ ﻞﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻞﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭ
Internet Layer ﻲﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﻻﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ ﻞﺜﻤﻳ ﻥﻵﺍ ﺙﺪﺣﺎﻣ
ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻌﺿﻭ ﻭ ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻤﻟﺍ ﺬﺧﺄﺑ ﺮﺧﺁ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﻡﻮﻘﻳ ﺍﺮﻴﺧﺃ
ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ًﺀﺎﻨﺑ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻲﻛ ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻣ ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺷ
Wifi Delivery
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻠﻟ ﻞﺻﻮﺘﻟﺍ
ﻞﺜﻤﻳ ﻥﻵﺍ ﺙﺪﺣﺎﻣ
ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻠﻟ ﻞﺻﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ
Network Access Layer
ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺍ ﻯﺮﻳ ﻲﻛ ﺎﻬﻌﻴﻤﺠﺘﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﺛ
ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻤﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟﺍ ﻞﺻﻮﺗ ﻦﻴﺣ
ﺓﺪﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﻭﺮﻈﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻢﻠﺘﺴﻳ ﻚﻘﻳﺪﺻ ﻥﺈﻓ
: TCP/IP ﻝﻮﻛﻮﺗﻭﺮﺑ
ﻰﻤﺴﺗ ﺓﺮﻴﻐﺻ ﺀﺍﺰﺟﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺘﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﻳ ﻚﻟﺬﻟ تيابﻮﻠﻴﻛ 64 ﻢﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻴﻐﺻ ﻒﻳﺭﺎﻈﻣ Packet
Much Better

I am his friend
<----
ﻙﻼﺳﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺺﻠﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ , ﻢﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﻘﺗ ﻊﻣ
: ﺎﻬﻧﺄﺑ ﻑﺮﻌﺗ ﻭ , ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﺸﻧﺍ ﻢﺘﻓ
: ﺎﻬﺗﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﻣ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻋﺍﻮﻧﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﺑﻮﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﺭﻮﻄﺗ
(ISM Band) ﺡﻮﺘﻔﻤﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻄﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﻣ ﺀﺎﺸﻧﺈﺑ (IEEE) ﺪﻬﻌﻣ ﻡﺎﻗ
802.11 ﻢﻗﺭ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﻣ ﺐﺟﻮﻤﺑ IEEE ﺪﻬﻌﻣ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﺮﻳﻮﻄﺗ ﻢﺗ
Wifi ﻰﻤﺴﻣ ﻕﻼﻃﺍ ﻢﺗ ,ﻢﺳﻻﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺮﻛﺬﺗ ﺐﻌﺼﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ ﻭ
Radio Waves
2.4 GHz
ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻻﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺾﻌﺑ
ﺩﺩﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ
wireless mouse
presentation remote
microwave oven
/ 5 GHz
ﺔﻴﻧﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ
ﺓﺭﻭﺎﺠﺘﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﺒﻣ ﺓﺪﻋ ﻭﺍ ﻰﻨﺒﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻕﺎﻄﻧ ﺪﺘﻤﻳ
802.16 ﻢﻗﺭ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﻣ ﺐﺟﻮﻤﺑ IEEE ﺪﻬﻌﻣ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﺮﻳﻮﻄﺗ ﻢﺗ
WiMax ﻰﻤﺴﻣ ﻕﻼﻃﺍ ﻢﺗ ,ﻢﺳﻻﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺮﻛﺬﺗ ﺐﻌﺼﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ ﻭ
ﺔﻨﻳﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﻯﻮﺘﺴﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻕﺎﻄﻧ ﺪﺘﻤﻳ
ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﺑ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﻤﺤﺗ
ﺔﻴﺼﺨﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ
ﻯﺮﺒﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻛﺮﺸﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﺮﻳﻮﻄﺗ ﻢﺗ
Bluetooth ﺙﻮﺗﻮﻠﺑ ﻰﻤﺴﻣ ﻕﻼﻃﺍ ﻢﺗ
ﺔﻋﺎﻗ ﻭﺍ ﺔﻓﺮﻏ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ
ﺔﻌﺳﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ
: ﺎﻬﻋﺍﻮﻧﺍ ﻢﻫﺃ ﻦﻣ , ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻝﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻥﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻄﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ
ﻱﻮﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻞﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﻗﻷﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
(Cells) ﻰﻤﺴﺗ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻄﻗ ﺓﺪﻋ ﻦﻣ ﻥﻮﻜﺘﺗ
ﺰﺗﺮﻫ ﺎﺠﻴﻣ 1900 - 900 ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﺩﺩﺮﺗ
ﻲﻔﺗﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺰﻛﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﺣﻮﻟﺍ
MTSC
ﻲﻔﺗﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺰﻛﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﺣﻮﻟﺍ
MTSC
ﺖﺑﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻒﺗﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ
Internet
ﻝﺎﺳﺭﻹ (ﺵﺪﻟﺍ) ﻪﻬﺟﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻮﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ
ﺩﺩﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋ ﺕﺎﺟﻮﻣ ﺮﺒﻋ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺒﻘﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ
ﺔﻄﺤﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻝﺎﺳﺭالا ﻢﺘﻳ ﺚﻴﺣ ﻲﻋﺍﺫﻹﺍ ﺚﺒﻟﺎﺑ ﺰﻴﻤﺘﺗ
ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺒﻛ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻦﻣ لابقتسا ﻭ ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻭ
ﺐﻌﺼﻳ ﺲﻳﺭﺎﻀﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻋﻭ ﻖﻃﺎﻨﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﻻﺍ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ
ﺔﻳﻮﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻰﺘﺣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﺻﻮﺗ
ﻒﺻﺍﻮﻌﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺮﻄﻤﻟﺎﻛ ﺔﻴﺧﺎﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻫﺍﻮﻈﻟﺎﺑ ﺮﺛﺄﺘﺗ

ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻻﺍ ﻝﺎﺒﻘﺘﺳﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻅﻮﺤﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﺧﺄﺘﻟﺍ
:ﺎﻬﻤﻫﺃ , ﻲﻜﺒﺸﻟﺍ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﻹﺍ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﻌﻟﺍ ﺪﺟﻮﻳ
ﺔﻴﺑﻮﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﻻﺍ
ﺎﻴﻜﻠﺳ ﻻ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻻﺍ ﺚﺒﻴﻟ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ةكبش ﻊﻣ ﻪﻄﺑﺭ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻮﻫ
Wireless Network Adapter ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻟ ﻲﻜﻠﺳﻻ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﺍ ﻡﺩﻮﻣ ﺓﺮﺋﺍﺩ
ﺔﻴﻜﻠﺳ ﻻ ﺕﺍﻮﻨﻘﺑ ﺔﻄﺒﺗﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﺣﻮﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ
ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺑ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻙﺍﺮﺘﺷﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺗ ﻑﺪﻬﺑ
ًﺎﺒﻳﺮﻘﺗ ﺮﺘﻣﻮﻠﻴﻛ 20 ﻕﺎﻄﻧ ﻲﻄﻐﺗ
ﻊﻗﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ
IP Address
you
your laptop
internet
IP address
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻦﻜﻟ ﻝﺰﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻌﺑ
IP
ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﻴﺒﺸﺗ ﻚﻨﻜﻤﻳ
Hey..remember me
I am his friend
<----
ﻚﻘﻳﺪﺻ ﻝﺰﻨﻤﻟ ﺔﻟﺎﺳﺭ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ ﺕﺩﺭﺃ ول
To : your friend's address
From : your address
ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻟﺰﻨﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﺔﺑﺎﺘﻜﻟ ﺝﺎﺘﺤﺘﺳ
ﻚﻟﺰﻨﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ ﺔﻟﺎﺳﺮﻟﺍ
From : your friend's address
To : your address
ﻭ ﺔﻟﺎﺳﺮﻟﺍ ﻚﻘﻳﺪﺻ ﻢﻠﺘﺴﻴﺳ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻬﺑ
ﻞﺳﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻟ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺩﺮﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻜﻤﺘﻴﺳ
Guess who
again :)
ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﺭﻭﺰﺗ ﻦﻴﺣ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺙﺪﺤﻳ ﺮﻣﻻﺍ ﺲﻔﻧ
server
ﻞﺋﺎﺳﺮﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺒﻘﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﻹ ﻲﻓﺍﺮﻐﺠﻟﺍ ﻚﻌﻗﻮﻣ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ ﻻ
IP(Internet Protocol) ﻰﻤﺴﺗ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﻻﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺳ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ ﻞﺑ ,
192.168.1.1
ﻪﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ ﻥﺍ ﺮﺧﺍ ﺺﺨﺸﻟ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻻ ﻚﻟﺰﻨﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻥﺍ ﺎﻤﻛ ﻭ
=
=
IP
IP
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺪﺣﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻪﺑﺎﺸﺘﻳ ﻥﺍ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﻻ ﻚﺑ ﺹﺎﺨﻟﺍ IP ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ ﻥﺈﻓ
ﺪﻳﺮﺗ ﺖﻨﻛ ﻥﺇ ﻚﻟﺬﻟ
ﺓﺪﻫﺎﺸﻣ
ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺍ

ﻞﻴﻤﺤﺗ
IP Address ﺝﺎﺘﺤﺘﺳ
IP Address ﺝﺎﺘﺤﺘﺳ
IP Address ﺝﺎﺘﺤﺘﺳ
ok..got it
ﻪﻄﻘﻧ ﻢﻬﻠﺼﻔﺗ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﺧ ﻊﺑﺭﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻥﻮﻜﻣ ﻪﻧﺍ ﻆﺣﻼﺘﺳ
ﺏﺮﻗ ﻦﻋ IP ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﺮﻈﻧ ﻥﺍ
192.168.1.1
bit 8 ﻦﻣ ﻪﻧﻮﻜﻣ IP address ﻦﻣ ﻪﻧﺎﺧ ﻞﻛ
bit ﺖﺒﻟﺎﺑ ﻞﻘﺘﻨﺗ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ , ًﺎﻘﺒﺴﻣ انحرش ﺎﻤﻛ ﻭ
192.168.1.1
0,1
11000000
10101000
00000001
00000001
.
.
.
8
8
8
8
32 bit
32
2
=
4,294,967,296
ﻪﻣﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ IP ﻥﺍﻮﻨﻋ
ﺔﻈﺤﻟ
ﺺﺨﺷ ﺭﺎﻴﻠﻣ 7 ﺏﺭﺎﻘﻳ ﺽﺭﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﻜﺳ ﺩﺪﻋ
ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺎﺑ ﻞﺼﺘﻣ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ ﺭﺎﻴﻠﻣ 3
ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻦﻣ ﺮﺜﻛﺎﺑ ﻞﺼﺘﻣ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ ﺾﻌﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ
ﺡﻮﻤﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺮﺜﻛﺍ , ﺭﺎﻴﻠﻣ 5 ﺏﺭﺎﻘﻳ ﻦﻴﻠﺼﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻥﻮﻜﻳ ﺍﺬﻜﺑ
؟ ﻞﺤﻟﺍ
NAT ﺎﻬﻤﺳﺍ ﺔﺟﺎﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻞﺤﻟﺍ
inside
outside
192.168.1.3
192.168.1.6
192.168.1.5
192.168.1.2
192.168.1.9
24.56.188.37
IPv6 ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺘﺑ ﺍﻮﻣﺎﻘﻓ , ﺮﻣﻻﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻥﻮﺼﺘﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﻙﺭﺩﺍ
IPv4<----ﺬﻔﻨﻳ ﺀﺪﺑ ﺡﺎﺘﻤﻟﺍ IP ﺩﺪﻋ ﻪﻧﺍ ﻻﺇ ﻪﻠﻛ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻦﻣ ﻢﻏﺮﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻭ
2 = IPv4
4,294,967,296=
32
340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456
ﺔﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺮﺧﺁ ﺹﻼﺧ
0.0.0.0 ﻮﻫ IPv4ــﻠﻟ ﻢﻗﺭ ﻞﻗﺍ
255.255.255.255 ﻮﻫ IPv4ـﻠﻟ ﻢﻗﺭ ﻰﻠﻋﺃ
192.370.20.47
21.80.256.24
7.54.90.240
From : your.computer.ip.address
To : youtube.server.ip.address
To : your.computer.ip.address
From : youtube.server.ip.address
yeah
I know that..
=
IPv6
2 =
128
192.168.1.3
192.168.1.6
192.168.1.5
192.168.1.2
Computers/Severs
DNS Server
Humans
209.85.227.103
Sever
173.194.69.190
Sever
92.123.208.28
Sever
google.com ?
209.85.227.103
209.85.227.103
To DNS Server
ﻦﻴﺠﻣﺮﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻦﻳﺭﻮﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ
Your Router
Data
Full transcript