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Paraphrasing by D. Dowling

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Denise Dowling

on 14 April 2016

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Transcript of Paraphrasing by D. Dowling

Unit: Analyzing an Argument
Part 4

Unit: 7
Lesson 1. VOCABULARY and Concepts
Word and background knowledge:
Students will discuss experience and pre-knowlege about intelligence vs ability. Students will listen, repeat, read, match and use new vocabulary in a variety of contexts.
Lesson 2. Pre-reading and paraphrasing
Students will evaluate and identify effective paraphrases from "You Can Grow Your Brain."
Lesson 3: Identifying components of a persuasive or argumentative essay.
Students will identify persuasive elements of "The Secret to Raising Smart Kids."
Lesson 4: Analyzing support. Students will categorize support into pros of Growth-mind-set and cons of fixed mind-set.




Lesson 3
Handout
Sharing Source Information Properly
Top 10 Benefits
of
Paraphrasing
By Denise Dowling
I love ESL
Obama and Ward
Quote:
Quotation marks
Exact words
Citation
Own words / phrasing
About the same length
Specific point for support
Citation
Summarize:


Own words/ phrasing
Shorter than original
Main ideas
Citation
Paraphrase

What is paraphrasing, &
how will it benefit you?

Students with analyze, evaluate,
& identify effective paraphrases.
Analyze
Evaluate
Identify
Effective paraphrases
# 10
Matches borrowed text to your style of writing for smoother reading

#9
Proves you have
a strong
understanding of the source information

#7
Shows you can research and incorporate your research into your argument
#2
Proves you are aware of others' opinions on the topic so you can respond to and/or counter opposing arguments
#8
Provides you
with a sense of accomplishment\
#1
Impresses your teacher!
#6
Challenges you to be organized
#4
Shows
for the original writers' ideas

#5
Helps you
avoid
accidental plagiarism



Barack Obama from keynote speech 2004

In the end, that is God's greatest gift to us, the bedrock of this nation, a belief in
things not seen,
a belief that
there
are better days
ahead. I believe that we can
give our middle class relief and provide working families with a road to opportunity
. . . .

. . .
As we stand on the crossroads of history, we can make the right choices and meet the challenges
that face us. America, tonight,
if you feel the same
energy
that I do, if you feel the same urgency that I do, if you feel the same passion that I do, if you feel the same
hopefulness
that I do, if we do
what we must do,
then I have no doubt that
all across the country, from Florida to Oregon, from Washington to Maine, the people will rise up
in November
, and John Kerry will be sworn in as president. And John Edwards will be sworn in as vice president. And
this country will reclaim its promise.
And
out of this
long political
darkness a
brighter
day will come.
Vaughn Ward speech: May 2010

In the end, that is God's greatest gift to us, it is the bedrock of this nation, a belief in
the American dream,
a belief that
if we strive for excellence,
I will fight to
give our middle class relief and provide families with a road to opportunity
. . . .


. . .
As we stand on the crossroads of history, I know we can make the right choices and meet the challenges that
lay before us.
If you feel the same urgency and the same passion that I do, and if we
stand united and strong,
then I have no doubt that
our voices will be heard
in November.
Our
country will reclaim its promise. A better day
is on the horizon,
and out of this darkness will come
a stronger, more united nation. One that believes in personal responsibility, fiscal discipline, and limited government.


What's the difference between quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing?
1. Does the example reword, re-phrase and
re-structure the original in understandable language ?
(Key words and phrases may be quoted as necessary.)


2. Does it clearly convey the same idea/ meaning as the original (without changing or adding any extra ideas)?

3. Does it cite the original source in text of essay AND works cited?

3
YES
answers
are required!

Asahi /

Kirin
Irvine Valley College
English as a Second Language
READING
WRITING
THINKING
Common Problems When Paraphrasing
distortion
MIXING
Insufficient modification of phrasing and structure

Identifying
Effective
Paraphrase:




Plagiarism Issues
Three Questions to Evaluate Paraphrases
(handout)
Denise Dowling
Patchwork: cut & paste
Lesson 4: Analyzing support. Students will categorize support into pros of Growth-mind-set and cons of fixed mind-set.

Categorize: “Students with a FIXED MIND-SET” or “Students with a GROWTH MIND-SET”
believe that intelligence is a fixed trait: you have only a certain amount, and that's that. (10)
believe you can expand your intellectual skills . . . [which] can be developed through education and hard work. (11)

[think] learning [is] less important than being and looking smart. (3 and 14)

[feel] that learning is a more important goal than getting good grades. (13)

see challenges, mistakes, effort, criticism and advice as threats to their ego. (3 and 18)

believe people can change and grow. . . more willing to deal with difficulties. (19)

lose confidence and motivation when the work is no longer easy for them. (3)

show greater persistence. (15)

According to Carol S. Dweck, what do people with fixed-mind-sets and growth mind-sets think or believe about making mistakes? (See paragraphs 10 and 11.)
People with fixed-mind-sets think/ believe


People with growth-mind-sets think/ believe
Full transcript