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Reported Speech (Teens 3)

direct speech, indirect speech, indirect discourse
by

Marcello Araújo

on 3 October 2016

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Transcript of Reported Speech (Teens 3)

Direct Speech
Direct speech is actually the spoken words a person says.
It comes in bubbles or between quotation marks.
"I eat fish once a week."
"It's good for your health."
The rules to turn Direct into Indirect Speech are simple:
Generally you put the verb in the past.
"I know a lot about ancient history"
He said he knew a lot about ancient history
"I'm cleaning the house."
He said he was cleaning the house
Reported Questions
1. When reporting Wh-questions
2. When reporting yes/no questions
[ ] you should use IF
[ ] you should repeat the Wh- word
2
1
3
"What do you need to do, Laura?"
I asked Laura ________ she needed to do...
"Did you know they broke up, Laura?"
I asked Laura _____ she had known they...
if
what
"What's the teacher handing out?"
Direct
Indirect
Calvin asked what _____ the teacher handing out.
"Grades? We're being graded?"
Calvin asked ____ ______ _____ being graded
"Don't we even get a few practice semesters?"
He asked ____ _____ ______ get a few practice semesters.
was
if
they
were
if
they
didn't
Direct
Indirect
Calvin asked the Doctor ______ he______ rubbing his arm...
"Why are you rubbing my arm with cotton?"
was
"Are you going to bleed me?"
Calvin asked him _____ he ______ going to bleed him.
was
Direct
Indirect
Calvin said he ________ get out.
"I can't get out!"
couldn't
Calvin told Susie he ______ trapped in the hall closet.
was
"I'm trapped in the hall closet!"
Direct
Indirect
Calvin said he______________ to bed.
wasn't going
Calvin told his mother he _______ do anything he ________
could
"I can do anything I want!"
"I'm not going to bed!"
wanted
"I'll be a hulking, surly teenager..."
He said he _______ be a hulking, surly teenager...
would
if
why
3. When reporting questions in the past simple
[ ] you should use had + past participle
Indirect Speech
Indirect discourse is a report on what someone else said without using that person's exact words.
"Me too."
"I like comedy films."
Jen
Matt
Chris
Jen
Chris said she liked comedy films.
(the next day)
"Me too."
Reported Speech
What people say
Reporting what people aid
Present
Past
Present Continuous
Past Continuous
Future (will)
"I will travel to Toronto."
would
She said she would travel to Toronto
The rules to turn Direct into Indirect Speech are simple:
Generally you put the verb in the past.
"I've seen a UFO."
He said he had seen a UFO
"I fixed the door yesterday."
He said he had fixed the door
What people say
Reporting what people aid
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Past Simple
Past Perfect
Could
"I could understand the work."
Could
She said she could understand the work
(Part 1)
(Part 2)
Exercises
(Part 3)
OBS:
"said" or "told"?
"I will be late."
Chris:
Chris said she would be late.
Chris told ME she would be late.
Jen:
"I lived in London for 5 years."
Jen said she had lived in London for 5 years
Jen told US she had lived in London for 5 years
With 'tell' we NEED the object ('me', 'you', 'her')
With 'say' we CAN'T use the object ('me', 'them', 'us').
WH-questions
(who, what, where, when, how, etc)
"What happened here? It's a mess!"
I asked WHAT had happened here.
"Who is Robert Langdon?"
I asked WHO Robert Langdon was.
"Where will we meet?"
I asked WHERE would we meet
Yes/No questions
"Do you believe in UFOs?"
I asked IF she believed in UFOs.
"Do you think English is important?"
I asked IF English was important.
"Did you buy the book?"
I asked IF he bought the book.
Full transcript