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Kurt Lewin

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on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Kurt Lewin

Kurt Lewin
Legacy
Born in Poland - Sep. 9, 1890
Background
He was recognized as the "founder of social psychology"
Died in Massachusetts - Feb. 12, 1947
German-American psychologist who was born to a middle class Jewish family
Schooling
Moved to Berlin at age 15 and enrolled at Univ. of Frieberg in 1909 for medicine
Served the German army in WW1
Field of Study
Gestalt Psychology-
Movement that looks at the mind and behavior as a whole
America
Moved to the USA and became a professor at Univ. of Iowa until 1944. His family and him became legal US citizens in 1940.
Escape
Fled Germany in 1933 due to the rise of Hitler. His mother was not as fortunate, she died in a concentration camp.
MIT
He went on to become director of the Center for Group Dynamics at MIT.
Helped create a way to combat religious and racial prejudices in society
[now known as sensitive training]
Work
Lewin's equation, B = ƒ(P, E)
- a psychological equation of behavior that states that behavior is a result [function] of the person in their environment
Group Dynamics
"The whole is greater than the sum of its parts"
A group is unified and is stronger as one then just the main qualities
Force Field Analysis
An idea for looking at the factors that influence a situation
It looks at forces that are either driving movement toward a goal (helping forces) or blocking movement toward a goal (hindering forces)
Force Field Analysis was a significant contribution to the fields of social science, psychology, social psychology, organizational development, process management, and change management
Death
Lewin died in Newtonville, Massachusetts of a heart-attack in 1947. He was buried in his home town.
Transferred to Univ. of Munich to study Biology
After his service in WW1, he studied at Univ. of Berlin and received his Ph. D
Lectured about Gestalt Psychology to students
The End
If you want to truly understand something, change it
- Kurt Lewin
Video
The video showed a little girl trying to sit on a rock but failing because she was distracted so she was not able to succeed.
This video showed a boy who completed the experiment because he was focused and had no hindering forces to prevent him from sitting on the rock.
Now here are some videos detailing Lewin's experiment of Force Field Analysis
Lewin used two children in the experiment to test if they could reach a goal. [ sit on the rock]
WW1
Lewin fought for 4 years until he received a service ending injury
Full transcript