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Transcript of The Expository!
What is this EXPOSITORY TEXT about?
How is this EXPOSITORY TEXT organized?
What are some transitions used?
TRANSITIONAL WORDS and PHRASES provide the
that holds ideas together in writing. They provide
by helping the reader to
understand the relationship between ideas
, and they act as
signposts that help the reader follow the movement of the text.
Helping link ideas
, TRANSITIONS can be used between sentences, between paragraphs, or between entire sections of a work.
As soon as
we finish our reading, we will take a quiz. (time)
Highway traffic came to a stop
as a result
of an accident this morning.
(cause & effect)
Chris is on the basketball team this semester.
, he is on the soccer team.
Breaking Down the Expository Text
EXPOSITORY EXPLAINS A SUBJECT/TOPIC or PROVIDES INFORMATION
to the reader. Encyclopedia articles, informational reports, how-to instructions, newspaper and magazine articles, and most textbook writings are forms of exposition. Expository texts
DO NOT HAVE CHARACTERS or PLOTS. THEY ARE NOT STORIES.
EXPOSITORY TEXTS ARE NONFICTIONAL.
They contain, facts, anecdotes, statistics and examples. If it contains opinions, these opinions should be based on stated facts. Expository texts will
EXPLAIN/INFORM, NEVER PERSUADE
You will be required to read expository texts for the STAAR and answer questions that apply to these texts. You will also be required to write expository essays of your own especially in high school.
An expository essay is
ORGANIZED THOUGHTFULLY AND CLEARLY
has two main functions: to
HOOK THE READER and STATE THE THESIS
comes next and is typically
THE LONGEST SECTION OF THE ESSAY
ITS JOB IS TO SUPPORT THE THESIS
in the most effective manner possible. The
of the essay
REINFORCES THE THESIS
LEAVES THE READERS WITH A NEW PERSPECTIVE REGARDING THE TOPIC
. Let's look at the outline of an expository text you will use in this class.
EXPOSITORY TEXTS USE STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS TO ARRANGE AND CONNECT IDEAS
. These elements are known as
. Identifying these structures makes it easier for you to understand what you are reading. Let's learn about these structural elements.
Let's Put It into Practice!
Checking for Understanding!
Directions: Draw your handprint. In each finger, write one thing you learned pertaining to EXPOSITORY TEXTS. Write in COMPLETE SENTENCES!
Connecting it to STAAR!
(aka YOUR EXIT TICKET)
What was the author's purpose in
1 in 12 Teens Have Attempted Suicide: Report
a. To persuade the reader that that it is everyone's responsibility to prevent suicide.
b. To inform the readers about statistics pertaining to teen suicide.
c. To discuss ways to prevent teen suicide.
d. To criticize bullies for their part in
It's ALL about the EXPOSITORY
8th Grade English/Reading
Transitional Words & Phrases
Directions: Read each sentence. Write the transitional word or phrase.
1. In the same way, the passenger pigeon became extinct.
2. On the other hand, some manufacturers refuse to comply
with the law.
3. Most importantly, the number of fatalities declined by 8
4. As soon as Dr. Desai concluded his speech, most people
5. Farming is impossible because almost no rain falls there.
6. After the flood, residents of Baylor sought shelter.
7. For example, European explorers arrived in the 18th
Directions: Rewrite the following paragraph using transitional words and phrases.
What comes in a box in thousands of pieces? Jigsaw puzzles were invented in 1767 by an English mapmaker and engraver, John Spilsbury. Spilsbury wanted to help English children learn about different countries of the world. He turned geography into a game. He mounted a handcolored map on a thin, flat piece of wood. He cut the wood along boundaries with a fine saw. Students assembled the pieces of the puzzle. Spilsbury's invention helped them learn geography. Puzzles became a form of entertainment.
Let's Watch an Expository Video
Literary vs Expository
Directions: In your groups, you will decide if the text/piece is literary or expository.
Based on the correct answers, what CONCLUSIONS can you make about EXPOSITORY TEXTS? What will they look like? What will they contain? What will they be about?
Jot these ideas in your INTERACTIVE JOURNAL.
Why is this video an example of EXPOSITORY?
1. What is the MAIN TOPIC of the video?
2. How does the speaker support his main topic?
3. What stood out in the video? What was interesting?
4. How is this video different from
watching a movie or television show?
5. How could this format be applied to reading and/or writing?
What are these words called?
Let's look at some EXAMPLES...
SUMMARIZE! A summary takes larger selections of text and reduces them to their bare essentials: the gist, the key ideas, the main points that are worth noting and remembering.
It's a SNAPSHOT of the TEXT!
1. Where is the introduction? What is the thesis?
2. What are the body paragraphs?
3. What supporting details for the thesis?
4. Where is the conclusion?
5. What text structure is used?
CIRCLE as many transitions as you can find in the text. Remember... They can begin paragraphs, sentences or even be found in the middle of sentences.
Highlight. Circle. Underline.
Anticipatory Writing Activity: It seems like teen suicide is occurring more frequently than it did in the past. Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not? What do you think are the causal factors leading to an increase in teens choosing to end their lives? How can we help others see that suicide isn’t the answer? EXPLAIN.
STAAR Reading Practice
Across Genres: Poetry & Expository
Compare & Contrast
1. In what way(s) do the poem and the expository article CONNECT?
2. How can the SPEAKER of the poem reflect the REAL-LIFE struggles taking place in the expository article?
3. What do BOTH the poet of Hanging Fire and author of the article want to communicate? How are their PERSPECTIVES similar? Different?
Answer Key (Possible)
What comes in a box in thousands of pieces? Jigsaw puzzles were invented in 1767 by an English mapmaker and engraver, John Spilsbury
he wanted to help English children learn about different countries of the world.
, he turned geography into a game.
, he mounted a handcolored map on a thin, flat piece of wood.
, he cut the wood along boundaries with a fine saw.
, students assembled the pieces of the puzzle.
, Spilsbury's invention helped them learn geography. Puzzles became a form of entertainment.
QUESTIONS STEMS (Across Genres)
TONE/MOOD! in Poetry
Directions: We will listen to a set of songs. While listening, put your head down and close your eyes. Truly LISTEN to the music and the lyrics. When the song is finished, jot down any reactions based on the topics below in your READING REFLECTION JOURNAL:
I'm in Here by Sia
Till It Happens to You by Lady Gaga
Motel by Meg Myers
SPEAKER? LYRICS? THEME? MOOD/TONE? CONNECTIONS to YOU?
How do ALL these songs CONNECT to the articles YOU are READING?