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# Inferences

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by

## T.J. W.S.

on 31 December 2017

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#### Transcript of Inferences

So what is an inference?
Inference is also sometimes referred to as
Practice 1
Directions
: In your notes make a list of 1-5.
When I click to an image, write down what you are inferring to be happening in the situation & predict the outcome and then explain your answer in 1-2 sentences based on the clues you see in the image. DO NOT share your answers until I say so!
explain
Finding an inference in a text...
One morning during my first week of high school, I walked down to breakfast. My mother took one look at my clothes and said "Are you wearing THAT to school?"
What is the mother implying based on what you can deduce from her dialogue?
If you guessed that the child/teen was probably dressed improperly, you guessed correctly!
Let's Infer what happens in this video!
Directions: View the film - at one point I will pause it. You need to make a prediction based on the context of the film and use your inference skills to determine what will happen & why.
When you have done this, you will share with a classmate.
I will only give you 3 minutes when this pause occurs so be ready & pay close attention.

Image #1
Image #2
Image #3
Image #4
Image #5
Based on the facial expression of the girl at the front of the photo it is obvious she is in distress and when you look at the way the three girls to the back of the photo are laughing and looking at her it is clear they are bullying her and making fun of her.
The young girl seems upset due to the frown on her face and the fact she is shutting her eyes and covering her ears and it appears that her parents in the background are either arguing or having a discussion about something that is truly upsetting to the little girl.
This picture is evidence of either an intruder in the house attacking a woman or of an abusive relationship based on the stature of the figure at the top of the stairs and the bruising on the young woman's cheek as well as the look of genuine fear on her face.
This picture is evidence of a proposal for marriage based on the silhouette's showing one person down on 1 knee while holding the hand of the one standing. This is the typical stature of a person proposing.

It could also be the begging of forgiveness or the swearing of an oath if it were set in Ancient times.
This image portrays the inevitable death coming to the old woman's husband or loved one based on the hospital setting and the way she is obviously in emotional agony as she holds on to his hand. The man is also barely showing signs of life as he lies there.
Practice 2
You will read an example text and make an inference as to what happens next.
Again - write your inferences in your notes. Be sure to make a prediction & answer the context.
Practice #3
Video/Film
Predicting & Inferring
you have to write a summary of the entire cartoon. However...
None of it is in English! Use your context and make inferences to what you believe the story is about!
At one point I will pause and you must make a prediction on what will happen next.

When it is all finished, you will type up your answers into Canvas as an online discussion.
Prediction of outcome: Often children raised around yelling become the same as adults.
What do you think?
Possible outcomes: She could get away, she could be killed, sadly this is an instance that we will never know.
Prediction of outcomes: Weddings! I love weddings!!!
Prediction: She will mourn his loss and die soon after him because I'm a hopeless romantic deep down underneath my morbid sense of humor and want that.
A proper prediction of an outcome would be the child being forced to go back upstairs & put on something more appropriate.
Standards & Objectives
Content:
MAIN Objective
:
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.1 & CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.11-12.1 - analyze a text to answer questions based on explicit information given and make inferences based on the text where matters are more implicit.
Sub-Objectives
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2 - Write clearly & concisely to explain answers based on the concepts we are covering & the texts.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.11-12.1 - Use proper grammar when writing or speaking.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.11-12.2 - Spell & punctuate correctly when writing
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.11-12.4 - Identify the meaning of difficult terms or phrases that are unfamiliar through a series of strategies with major focus on context clues.

Language:
To understand tier 2 terms such as inference, analyze, determine, infer, deliberate, etc.

Social:
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1 - At moments when prompted, turn & discuss topics with a classmate. Other times, students will be prompted to discuss topics in an online Canvas forum.

Inferences, making predictions & using context clues
Synonyms:
deduction, conclusion, reasoning, conjecture, speculation, guess, presumption, assumption, supposition, reckoning, extrapolation
So when you see any of these terms in a question about a text, you know they are asking you to make an informed guess based on the evidence you have as well as any prior background knowledge.
So basically, inferences is the text & how we judge or interpret that text (any type of text) in our head.
Sometimes, when you read you will make predictions based upon the evidence of the text. This is another example of making an inference.

Making
predictions
is a basic reading skill that requires higher level thinking.
To make a good prediction, readers must consider available information and make an inference.
Good readers make predictions based on textual evidence.
If you use evidence to support your predication, you can justify it whether you are right or wrong.
Possible Outcome: She may suffer from depression from bullying. What do you think?
Along with context clues, you must understand the meaning of context - this definition will assist you with phrases or words you do not understand or that are being used differently than how you would use them.
Context: What context do we have to base our inference upon? What do we know about society that leads us to this understanding or deduction?
Context: What context do we have to base our inference upon? What do we know about society that leads us to this understanding or deduction?
Context: What context do we have to base our inference upon? What do we know about society that leads us to this understanding or deduction?
Context: What context do we have to base our inference upon? What do we know about society that leads us to this understanding or deduction?
Context: What context do we have to base our inference upon? What do we know about society that leads us to this understanding or deduction?