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The Jungian Approach to Literature

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by

Cullen Self

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of The Jungian Approach to Literature

The Metamorpohsis - Chapter Two
The Jungian Approach to Literature
Conclusion
Works Cited
Parts of Self
The Metamorphosis - Chapter One
Chapter One introduces the fundamental concept of the novella: that Gregor's shadow and persona are so intertwined that they bleed into each other.
Parts of Jungian Psychology
Individuation
Archetypes
Parts of Self
Persona

Shadow

Anima/Animus
Media Works Cited
Persona
Shadow
Anima/Animus
The Metamorphosis - Chapter Three
In Kafka's final chapter, Gregor's development comes to an end, and the psychological motivations and developments of his family become especially important.
"They must have been heard in the kitchen, for his father called, 'Perhaps the playing bothers you gentlemen? It can be stopped right away'" (Kafka 45).
"'My dear parents... things can't go on like this. Maybe you don't realize it, but I do. I won't pronounce the name of my brother in front of this monster, and so all I say is: we have to try to get rid of it'" (Kafka 48).
"Mrs. Samsa made a movement as if to hold the broom back but did not do it" (Kafka 52).
Persona
Animus
Shadow
Chapter two portrays the family as a volatile unit as
their anima/animus and shadow manifests more strongly.
How Jung Views Kafka
Persona
“But he would never have been able to guess what his sister, in the goodness of her heart, actually did. To find out, his likes and dislikes, she brought him a wide assortment of things..." (Kafka 23).
Shadow
“. . . and before it really dawned on her that what she saw was Gregor, cried in a hoarse, bawling voice: “Oh, God, Oh, God!” and as if giving up completely, she fell with outstretched arms across the couch and did not stir" (Kafka 34).
Anima
“If Gregor had only been able to speak to his sister and thank her for everything she had to do for him, he could have accepted her services more easily . . ." (Kafka 28).
Jung's ideas not only reveal information about the characters, but about the author himself. According to Jung, society has common symbols such as archetypes because of consistent human psychology. As a result, "The Metamorphosis" reveals that Franz Kafka likely had times in his life that he was concerned about portraying himself as someone who's life has meaning, unlike Gregor. This tells us both that Kafka's shadow includes the insecurity of living in a rut, and that Kafka sought to have a persona that established him as someone who sought deeper meaning in life.
"If I didn't hold back for my parents' sake, I would have quit [my job] long ago . . ." (Kafka 5).
Persona
Shadow
"When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling deams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin" (Kafka 3).
Anima
"Gregor had wanted to answer in detail and to explain everything, but, given the circumstances, [could not]" (Kafka 5).
Carl Jung's area of psychology, often known as analytical psychology, provides unique tools for discovering the parts of self of both the characters in "The Metamorphosis" as well as Franz Kafka himself. Gregor Samsa's complex personal identity and the narrower but more clear personalities of his family members provide many examples of Jung's ideas and offer implications about the author.
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