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Week 5 Lesson 3: NEP - Ideological tensions

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by

Liam Brooks

on 11 May 2017

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Transcript of Week 5 Lesson 3: NEP - Ideological tensions

LI: To analyse aspects of continuity and change in the NEP.

SC: Students will be able to evaluate to what extent the NEP represented a ‘compromise of revolutionary ideals’.

He publicly defended the shift to the NEP by arguing at the 1oth Party Conference:

‘You must first attempt to build small bridges which shall lead a land of small peasant holdings through State Capitalism to Socialism. Otherwise you will never lead tens of millions of people to Communism.’
Entry activity: Recap of War Communism basics vs NEP basics
1. Working in pairs.

2. Decide whether each feature was part of
War Communism

or
the
New Economic Policy
. Draw a line to match them up.

3. We have 7 minutes.

4. Discussion to follow.
Week 5 Lesson 3: NEP - Ideological tensions
Ideological concerns regarding the NEP: Trotsky on the 'buchaneers'
The Decree on Party Unity
(March 1921, issued at the 10th Party Congress)
Backdrop of crisis
of by March 1921 when the Congress was held (peasant uprisings in Tambov and the Ukraine, famine, strikes, Kronstadt uprising)

The threat of the left opposition
(led by Trotsky): NEP a betrayal of communism (
N
ew
E
xploitation of the
P
roletariat)

Lenin needed to crack down on dissent and call for unity

Issues the
Decree on Party Unity
: He coins the term 'factionalism' to condemn all other contrary opinions, such as the Workers 'Opposition (Kollantai), and opponents of the NEP.

Bukharin, who had been a left communist, now the greatest defender of the NEP.
Main activity: Orlando Figes and Adam Ulum on lenin
1. Working individually.

2. Read and annotate the text.

3. Answer questions 1-5.

4. We have 25 minutes.

5. Discussion to follow.
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