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Conditionals (by dostykbilim.kz)

Zero, First, Second, Third & Mixed Types
by

Maglia Mancante

on 1 February 2014

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Transcript of Conditionals (by dostykbilim.kz)

CONDITIONALS
Zero Conditional
Second Conditional
Zero Conditional
Zero Conditional
Second Conditional
First Conditional
Third Conditional
Third Conditional
First Conditional
Mixed Conditional
Zero Conditional
Second Conditional
First Conditional
Condition
Result
Type #1
Absolute truth
The result of the condition is always
true
and
the same
like a scientific fact or a habit
Take some ice and
put it in a saucepan
Heat the saucepan
The ice melts
(it becomes water)
In other words,
whatever the condition is, the result is
always
the same.
If
Clause
IF
Condition
Result
+
IF
CONDITION,
RESULT
Simple Present
Simple Present
If
you
heat
ice,
it
melts
.
I
miss
the 8 o'clock bus,
I
am
usually late for work.
If
If
If
you
don't water
plants,
they
dry out
.
we
throw
an object
up
,
does
it
fall down
?
Turning

Upside Down
the
IF Clause
RESULT IF CONDITION!
IF CONDITION
,
RESULT
I am usually late for School
if
I miss the 8 o'clock bus.
My boss
gets
angry if I
am
late for work.
People
get
hungry if they
don't eat
.
Does
ice
melt
if you
heat
it?
EXAMPLES
If
I miss the 8 o'clock bus
,
I am usually late for school.
To be continued...
First Conditional
Type #2
Real Situations
You are at home.
planning to play tennis today
Imagine that...
But there are some clouds
in the sky.
Probably it will rain...
What will you do?
If it
rains
,
I
will stay
at home.
we are thinking about
a future condition
It is not raining yet...
But the sky is cloudy and you think that it may rain
We use the
simple present
to talk about the
possible future situations
...and the
future

WILL

is the possible
future result here.

RESULT IF CONDITION

Simple Future Will

Present Simple
I
will tell
Leila if I
see
her.
They
will invite
Azim if he
is
free tomorrow.
Their teacher
will be
sad if they
don't pass
the exam.
Will
you
stay
at home if it
rains
tomorrow?
What
will
you
do
if it
rains
tomorrow?
Any questions so far?
Type #3
Second Conditional
Un
real (hypothetical) Situations
1
st Conditional = REAL possibility!
2
nd Conditional =
NOT
a real possibility!
Now think of a lottery...
...and become
a millionaire
.
Like a dream!
It's not real
for now
but still it's possible in the future
If
Condition
Result
If
Simple Past,
WOULD + V1
I
had
a million dollars,
I
would buy
a villa. :))
If
Examples:
If I
got
band 9 in IELTS, I
would be
happy.
If he
became
rich, he
would support
charities.
If I
were
you, I
wouldn't buy
this dress.
If it
snowed
next July,
would
you
be
surprised?
If it
snowed
next July, what
would
you
do
?
I
would be
happy if I
got
band 9 in IELTS.
He
would support
charities if he
became
rich.
I
wouldn't buy
this dress if I
were
you.
Would
you
be
surprised if it
snowed
next July?
What
would
you
do
if it
snowed
next July?
Now the
P
r
e
z
i
is over! :)
Third Conditional
Mixed Conditional
IF

CONDITION

RESULT


Simple Present


Simple Future Will
If I
see
Leila, I
will tell
her.
If Azim
is
free, they
will invite
him.
If they
don't pass
their teacher
will be
sad.
the exam,
If it
rains
tomorrow,
will
you
stay
at home?
If it
rains
tomorrow, what
will
you
do
?
Type #4
When the situation is already a past,
we can't turn the time to change it, can we?
Third Conditional
Regrets
about the past
When
the past
event connects to
the present
time or situation, we use
m
i
x
e
d

type.
and the last

of the conditionals is...
The only thing we can do is to
about that
REGRET
If
past perfect
,
would have V
3
.
If I
had known

about your problem
,

I
would have helped

you.
If the Titanic

hadn't hit

the iceberg
,

so many people

wouldn't have drowned
.
M
i
x
e
d
Conditional
Past vs. Present
Basically, only
the second
conditional and
the third
conditionals are mixed.
If
2nd Conditional
,

3rd Conditional
.
or
If

3rd Conditional
,

2nd Conditional
.
If I
were

(
2nd Conditional
) you,

I

wouldn't have insulted

(
3rd Conditional
) her.

If you

had taken

(
3rd Conditional
) the umbrella yesterday, you
wouldn't be

(
2nd Conditional
) ill now.
Examples:
No lottery ticket
No win!
...But you
dream
about buying a lottery ticket and win...
Type #5
What happens?
Mixed Conditional
Full transcript