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Life in Ancient Egypt
Transcript of Life in Ancient Egypt
Religion in Egypt
The Great Pyramid was built for king Khufu.
500 ft tall (48-story building)
The base would cover 9 football fields. 2 million stones were used. It is more than 4,000 yrs old.
Karnak located in Thebes.
A Temple built by Ramses.
A Political Leader
A servant shown fanning an Egyptian pharaoh.
Daily Life: Egypt's Social Groups
How people Lived and Egyptian Families.
Men were the heads of households.
Women: Had more rights than other ancient civilizations. They could own and pass on property, buy and sell goods, make wills, and obtain divorces.
Children: Few went to school. They played with board games, dolls, spinning tops, and leather balls.
Boys: learned farming or a skilled trade.
Girls: learned how to sew, cook, and run a household.
Food: Bread and beer were staples. Grain was stored centrally, so that all could share.
Upper class men and women dressed in white linen and wore heavy eye makeup and jewelry.
Wore dark materials or woven reeds.
Wealthy had elegant homes made of wood and mud bricks, with beautiful gardens and pools filled with fish and water lilies. They also had servants.
Many others lived either in one-room huts, or mud brick buildings with flat roofs. Families talked, played games, and slept on their rooftops.
Egyptian doctors used herbs and drugs to treat illnesses.
They also set broken bones and stitched cuts.
They were the first to use splints, bandages, and compresses.
Egyptians also wrote down medical information on papyrus scrolls. These records were the world's first medical books.
Two Unusual Pharaohs
Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton):
Tried to change Egypt's religion, which was based on the worship of many deities.
Felt the priest's had grown too powerful.
He introduced one god, Aton, and removed all other gods. Shutting down temples.
He was not popular. He neglected his duties as pharaoh and allowed outsiders to invade. Egypt lost most of its lands in western Asia.
Pyramids were built to protect the bodies of dead pharaohs.
They contained items the pharaoh might need in the afterlife:
Food/water, jewelry/gold, weapons/chariots, furniture, animals (cats), and family members.
Pharaohs were all-powerful, and guided every activity in Egypt.
Appointed Officials to carry out their commands.
Egyptian people served pharaohs because they believed the kingdom depended on one strong leader.
Believed to be the son of Re, the sun god.
They believed their pharaoh was a god on earth who protected Egypt.
As religious leader, pharaoh participated in ceremonies to help the kingdom thrive.
It once had a nose and beard.
Built to honor one of Egypt's pharaohs.
Akhenaton's son, who took the throne at 10. (Died 9 years later, unexpectedly)
He restored the worship of deities. (priests and officials help advise him.)
Howard Carter attracted public attention when he found Tut's tomb still containing the pharaoh's mummy and many treasures.
Theocracy: A government in which the same person is both the political leader and religious leader.
Believed in many gods and goddesses (deities).
These deities controlled every human activity and all natural forces.
Re: sun god
Hapi: river god
Osiris: god of the underworld
Isis: represents faithful wife and mother (Osiris wife)
After reading the above info, go to the two sites below and answer questions on your handout.
After reading the above info, go to the two websites below and answer questions on your handout.
Egyptians believed in life after death.
The Book of the Dead contained a collection of spells that Egyptians believed they needed to enter the afterlife.
Early Egyptians believed only pharaohs could enter the afterlife. Eventually, all Egyptians came to believe that all people could hope for eternal life.
As a result, the process of embalming emerged.
Embalming: the process of treating a body to keep it from decaying.
Watch this video:
Wood and leather prosthetic toe.
Steps to built a pyramid:
1. Choose a site.
2. Find stone, cut using copper tools, place on a sled, and pull the stones on top of logs to barges on the Nile River.
3. Float stone on barges to the site.
4. Drag or push them up ramps to be set in place.
Fact: The Egyptians built the Great Pyramid without using beasts of burden, special tools, or even the wheel.
After reading the above go to the site below and answer the questions on your handout.
What walks on four feet in the morning, two in the afternoon, and three in the evening?
Riddle of the Sphinx