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Transcript of Detail 1
The Era's of British Literature, and the Individual's who shaped them
This is the first major era we covered in our class.
It spanned from 1558-1603
It is considered one of the Golden ages in English Literature
Sir Walter Raleigh
Lived from: 1552-1618
Lived from 1564-1593
The Romantic Era
Wordsworth and Coleridge launched the Romanticism movement with their joint release of "Lyrical Ballads" in 1798
Poems in Two Volumes
were published, including "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood"
1843 he became the poet laureate of Britian, and was the only one to never write any poetry
Lord Byron, George Gordon
At the age of 10, he inherited the English Barony of Byron of Rochdale
1819-1821, he wrote the first five cantos of Don Juan
1821-1822 he finished cantos 6-12.
Don Juan is considered to be his magnum opus, and is as almost as important as "Paradise Lost"
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
1791 until 1794, Coleridge attended Jesus College, Cambridge
1795, He meets the poet William Wordsworth and her sister
1798, They released "Lyrical Ballads" which including Coleridge's poem "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"
Lord Alfred Tennyson
1827, He entered Cambridge and joined a secret society called the Cambridge Apostles
1830, He published his first solo poem collection,
Poems Chiefly Lyrical
. It included the poems "Claribel" and "Mariana"
1850, He became poet laurete, taking over for William Wordsworth
1855 He released one of his most famous poems, "The Charge of the Light Brigade"
Robert Louis Stevenson
1878, He wrote his first real book "An Inland Voyage" after a canoe trip through Belgium and France
1880-1887 He travelled around searching for a place to live that suited his health.
During this time he wrote, "Treasure Island" and "The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde"
By the age of fourteen he was fluent in French, Greek, Italian, and Latin
1845, Browning met the poet Elizabeth Barrett, who he eventually married
1868, He published the long, blank verse poem "The Ring and the Book" which was praised as a tour de force in dramatic poetry
Era was characterized by experimentation with different expressions and forms
Modernist wanted to break free from the past, as expressed by the maxim "make it new"
Virginia Woolf's "To the Lighthouse" is considered one of the early works of this era
The changing style of writing refected the rise of industrialization and technology of the time
William Butler Yeats
1890, Yeats and Ernest Rhys co-founded the Rhymers' Club, a group of London-based poets who met regularly in a Fleet Street tavern to recite their verse
Yeats had a life-long interest in mysticism, spiritualism, occultism and astrology
1889, He published "The Wanderings of Oisin and Other Poems" which was the first and last long poem he ever wrote
1923, Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature
1910 published "The White Peacock"
1916–17 While writing "Women in Love" he was thought to have a relationship with a cornish farmer named William Henry Hocking
1922 He moved to a ranch in New Mexico, and while there was visited by Aldous Huxley
He returned to Italy, and wrote "Lady Chatterley's Lover" in 1928
He remained a close friend of Huxley's while in Italy, and until his death
1898-1902 He enrolled and graduated from University College Dublin, studying English, French, and Italian
1920, He headed to Paris at the behest of Erza Pound, originally it was to stay for a week. He ended up staying for 20 years
October 1921, He completed writing "Ulysses" which is considered one of his best works
Lived from: 1552-1599
We read his poem Prothalamion
1579 he published The Shepherds Calender, this collection of pastorals is thought to be the first representation of the Elizabethan Era of poetry
He was a friend of Sir Walter Raleigh, who helped him travel to London to get one of his best known works, The Faerie Queen published
He was a Aristocrat, Writer, Poet, Soldier, Courtier, and Spy
He is also known for popularizing Tobacco in England
We read "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" which was response to a poem by Christopher Marlowe
He was a English Dramatist, Poet, and translator
He wrote "The Jew of Malta" between 1589-1590
He was an alleged spy for the government
This era was all about the freedom to express ones ideas
The poets of the time favored more natural, and personal, artistic themes
They were interested in the cultivation of individualism, and they favored the pastoral over the urban
Lived from 1770-1850
This era is related to the time period of Queen Victoria's rule
During this period the poets were looking back through the previous Era's for inspiration
The poetry of the Era was heavily influenced by Romanticism