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TPP & APEC

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annie contreras melendez

on 21 February 2016

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Transcript of TPP & APEC


TPP
APEC
Transatlantic Trade and
Investment Partnership
TTPI
Strategic Agreement Trans-Pacific Economic Partnership (or P4 Agreement)
MARCH 2008
90% Tariffs
90% Tariffs
MARCH 2008
Small countries that have fairly open and dynamic economies
Follow open and unilateral policies.
They are also members of APEC.
Focus on more than 20 workshops:

Agriculture
Customs
Industrial goods
Rules of origin
Textiles
Services
Financial services
Mobility of business people
Investment
Telecommunications
Competition / state trading enterprises
Trade and environment
Government procurement
Intellectual property rights
Trade and labor
Sanitary and phytosanitary measures
Technical barriers to trade
Trade remedies
Legal and institutional topics
LIMITATION ON HUMAN RIGHTS ON THE INTERNET AND BARRIERS TO ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE AND CULTURE
Barriers to access to generic drugs
"new import duty"
Taiwan
Philippines
Laos
Colombia
Costa Rica
Indonesia
Bangladesh
India
"TPP OPENED"

Involved organizations:

ONG Derechos Digitales
Consumers International
Comisión de Directores de Bibliotecas del Consejo de Rectores de las Universidades Chilenas,
Colegio de Bibliotecarios de Chile
Wikimedia Chile
ONG Cívico
Asociación Peruana de Consumidores y Usuarios (ASPEC)
Hiperderecho
Artículo 19
Asociación de Editores Independientes, Universitarios y Autónomos
Centro de Estudios Nacionales de Desarrollo Alternativo
ONG Espacio y Fomento
Formadores de Organizaciones Juveniles de Consumidores y Consumidoras
Políticas Farmacéuticas (CEPFAR)
Conadecus
Fundación Chile Ciudadano
Fundación Casa de La Paz
Alconsumidor
Coalición Chilena para la diversidad cultural
Chile Sustentable
Odecu
CNSL
Fundación Terram
MARCH 2010
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
ACTA
SOPA
JOINED IN OCTOBER 28th

Mexico will be a focal point for investments.

Preferential access of the most important economies: cosmetic automotive, electrical, electronics, agribusiness, chemical, steelmaking, perfumery sectors.

Domestic exports will grow by 150,000 million USD over the next 5 years.

The agreement does not replace or modify the NAFTA

New business opportunities for the Mexican productive sector in six markets in Asia-Pacific: Australia, Brunei, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore and Vietnam.

Firm of the region will achieve the highest economic growth over the next 25 years.

TPP also strengthen the integration of the productive chains of Mexico, USA and Canada,

TPP could report higher overall net profit to 295 billion annually

The trade aims to strengthen the USA policy and benefit their industry, but no to the citizens and developing countries.

Of the 29 known chapters, only 5 refer to commerce

The risk of decreasing benefits to Mexico against NAFTA

Mexico would have to reduce its tariffs against other members.

It seems that many clauses which apparently being negotiated, may affect national sovereignty.

There are some deals that are still unknown and have been negotiated by governments and big corporations, which could cause disadvantages to small and medium enterprises.

Have negative effects especially in access to medicines, culture and Internet freedom of citizens, as well as regulations on environmental matters.

How does these countries work?
Work together to reduce barriers to trade
Exchange of goods, services, and resources
The leaders of these countries meet once
Bogor Goals (Bogor, Indonesia 1994)
Focuses on opening up markets and integrating economies in the region
Improve the ease of doing business and reduce the trading costs
Also known as ECOTECH

Enables business to take advantages of global trade in a sustainable way
Important facts
Population of APEC
GDP
Global Trade
How has APEC helped International Trade?
A couple of economies saw significant increase in their intraregional trade
From 1989 to 2014 most of APEC's trades was within the region
Paperless system (APEC Single Window)
The idea of an APEC single window was born in 2007

This virtual system links all government agencies involved in the export-import process allowing companies to submit documents electronically
Encourages web services
Allows faster and safer international operations
Easier to interface or export to other countries
More transparency
Mexico and its participation
South Korea
Australia
Japan
Brunei
Malaysia
Singapore
New Zealand
U.S.A.
Indonesia
Canada
Philippines
Thailand
in 1991
Hong Kong
Taiwan
People's Republic of China
in 1993
Mexico
Papua New Guinea
Chile
in 1998
Vietnam
Russia
Peru
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

Is a forum, established in 1989
Promotes economic growth and prosperity for the region
Strengthens the Asia-Pacific community
Promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
APEC Economic Leaders Meeting
History
The idea of APEC was from the former Prime Minister of Australia Bob Hawke, during his speech in Seoul, Korea.
* Financial and technical support to the small and medium companies

* Business transactions and exchange of goods, services and technology are easier.

* Investments on developing economies.

* Easier access to resources

* Improvements in the energy,
transportation, and telecommunication
infrastructures.

* APEC business Travel Card (ABTC)

* APEC includes countries like Japan
and China which are major sources of
foreign investments.



* Failing to clearly define it or serve a useful purpose.

* Cultural and socio-economic differences, could make countries in development depend on developed countries.

* The economies from the APEC had signed lots of FTA, which creates an impression that this forum or agreement is no longer a priority for its members.
Regulatory improvement, including the elimination of more than 16,000 regulations
Trade facilitation through unilateral tariff simplification
Financial and technical support to the small and medium companies
Investment in infrastructure and human capital
APEC business Travel Card (ABTC)
"free and open trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific by 2010 for developed economies and 2020 for developing economies"
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