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Copy of Transcendentalism
Transcript of Copy of Transcendentalism
Transcendentalism: a literary, political, and philosophical movement that spanned the mid 19th century, roughly from 1835-1880.
This movement was largely a reaction to:
Age of Reason/Enlightenment
6 Tenets of
Whoso would be a man, must be a nonconformist...Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
Be an individual. Do not give in to societal pressures.
Society corrupts the
in people. By refusing to conform, you will have the ability to achieve true peace.
"A minority is powerless while it conforms to the majority."-Henry David Thoreau.
E.g. Thoreau practiced as he preached and refused to submit to the concept that slavery was morally acceptable, an idea that he was shunned for.
Do you consider yourself a conformist or a non-conformist? Explain.
Does society reward conformists or non-conformists more? Explain, using examples.
Nature allows us to recapture our innocence and purity as human beings, away from the dirtiness of the city.
Nature, like life, is based upon cycles. We will all eventually be recycled into the Earth.
Have you ever participated in a protest? What is it like?
Do you think civil disobedience is the best way to be heard? Explain.
#4 Civil Disobedience: The refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.
2) What can you do to decrease the amount of materialism in your life ?
Striving for material goods is worthless and an unhealthy pursuit. It is superficial.
Money is evil because it causes us to place artificial and false value on objects and people.
Materialism only clutters up our lives and serves as a distraction from what truly matter.
How self-reliant are you at this point in your life? Who or what do you depend on?
3) Make at least two connections between Jack Johnson's "Gone (Going)" and Transcendentalism.
1) What does it mean to be "transcendent"?
2) Predict: what might this have to do with transcendentalism?
3) List at least 3 events, movements, or prominent people of the early 19th century.
Transcendentalists believed in the importance of:
* the individual’s intellectual and moral development, apart from the influence of religion, politics, and society in general.
* being independent from (yet still connected to) other people.
Imagine that, as of today, you must survive by only working one to two days per week (there aren’t any jobs and you can’t rely on anyone else but yourself). In order to make it, what kinds of things must you do to make ends meet? List:
•Daily activities – what would a typical day in your life look like?
•Expenses – what will you need to get rid of right away? What will you choose to (or choose not to) spend your money on?
•Food/drink – where/how will you get it? What will your diet consist of?
•Transportation – how will you travel 1 mile? 50 miles? •Leisure – what will you do for fun, rest, or relaxation?
•Anything else that’s relevant to your survival
Quick review of the first three tenents of Transcendentalism:
Living your life in a way that is simple and sustainable; relying on yourself to provide that which you need.
Self-reliance does not necessarily mean being disconnected from others, however. We can be self-reliant and still appreciate and enjoy the company and aid of others.
Nature is sacred. It is the source of all truth and inspiration.
All living things share the same soul and are connected and in union with God. This is called the "over-soul".
Without nature, man cannot exist.
Thoreau, one of the fathers of Transcendentalism, went to jail rather than pay taxes to support America's involvement in the Mexican War.
He wrote a piece titled "Civil Disobedience" based on that same premise, which inspired leaders such as Ghandi and Martin Luther King to lead the peaceable resistances that they are known for.
That feeling you sometimes get in your "gut"; your sixth sense.
Man is polluted by society, but if left alone is inherently good. Because of this, our natural/instinctual course of action will always be correct.
Self-trust and confidence are key.
Intuition is the best guide; greater than reason
they'll like the unit?
Yes. Yes they will.
THOREAULY. Transcendentalism is LIT.