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Homelessness in Croatia

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by

Marina Dimić Vugec

on 2 March 2015

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Transcript of Homelessness in Croatia

Recommendations
Conclusions
lack of understanding of city authorities
increase in the number of homeless people -
new social risk
- eviction as a pathway to homelessness
non-transparent competition for granting social housing
no emergency accommodation
new legislation, new problems
long process of determining the social
status of the homeless
a very important role and support of the organization and team
care for the homeless is lowered to the local level - the
differences in accessing rights
Conclusions
the problem of accommodation for
homeless women

profile of accommodated homeless in shelters is not in accordance with the service shelters (
mentally ill persons, the sick, the elderly and children
)
lack of research and evaluation
of existing programs for homeless
insufficient communication in the system
needs for training
financial problems
lack of
prevention programs
need for establishment of
professional teams
need for more
awareness-raising campaigns

Strategy content
adjustment of
Housing First model
defining amount of
user participation
in HF program
need for
tax policy changes
to motivate landlords
find out
real monthly cost
of services in shelters per person
model of
nonprofit housing organizations
model of
social housing
- adoption of a strategy of social housing
Survey of satisfaction
of service users and satisfaction of experts
determining the
costs of institutional care
of the homeless
offer
different levels of service
- emergency accommodation, shelter, shelter and Housing First
the problem of
"hidden" homelessness
Need to explore
estimate the
number of homeless people
according ETHOS
defining
risk groups
- Roma, housing loans and mortgages
Research
extreme life on the street - "sanctuary"
(Sahara, Vis 2, emergency accommodation in Rijeka, hotel for singles Sisak, Knin, Croatian Railways stations)
the number of users: social housing, shelters and hostels, user rights and services, soup kitchens, legal aid
user needs
Research tenancy - rent flats
price of homelessness in shelters
estimate the number of illegal occupants of housing units
explore possibilities of signing a lease agreement with homeless in the free rent market
Strategy content
Introduction of new practices
application of
Housing First innovation
, partnerships, cooperation, social contracting
monitoring the
incidence and risks of homelessness
especially evictions in the social welfare centers
tracking the
number of young homeless people
determining the
health status
of homeless people
development of
prevention programs and measures
education of experts
to work with the homeless
homeless integration programs

establishment of
mobile expert teams
creating a database
- networking of institutions, development of tools for monitoring
Future strategy content
Existing
European framework
ETHOS Typology - Croatian translation
Croatian legislation
existing care system for homeless
Homelessness in Croatia
Library Services for Homeless People:
Sharing Experinces for the Development of Guidelines
27th February 2015

Results of a Project „HOUSING FIRST – Croatia“
3 focus groups - Split, Rijeka, Zagreb
60 participants
April, May 2014
Homeless profile in Croatia
Data from Ministry of Social Policy and Youth, 2013.
13 homeless shelters
- founders:
- Caritas, Crveni križ / Red Cross, religious, civil society organizations, city
- financing - biggest share from local government budgets, donations
- there is no data on number of employed experts working with homeless
- number of
users in 2012 - 384, in 2013 - 395
- average duration of accommodation -
around 2 years
-
accommodation capacity - 414
- Census 2011 -
215 homeless?
-
20% women (in 2012 16%)
- children and youth in homeless under 29 - 7%
- older than 65 - 7%
-
unemployed but able to work - 54%

CAUSES:
- unemployment
- divorce
- evictions
- domestic violence

KEY EUROPEAN TRENDS
- Increase in the number of homeless families
- Increase in the number of homeless women
- Increase in the number of young people in homelessness
Thank You!!!
Contacts:
Marina Dimić Vugec
marina@odraz.hr
marina.dimic.vugec@gmail.com
Full transcript