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Punctuation & Capitalization

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Tammy Hershey

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Punctuation & Capitalization

11 Punctuation Marks The Period ( . )

The Question Mark ( ? )

The Exclamation Mark ( ! )

These all go at the
end of a sentence. The period ( . ) is used at the end of a command, indirect question and abbreviations. Command
"I want you to go to the party with me this Friday." Indirect Question
"The teacher asked why Julie had left out the scissors and glue." Abbreviations
"I have to wake up tomorrow at 5:30 a.m. to leave for Washington, D.C. . ? ! / () : ; ' " " , A question mark ( ? ) is
used at the end of
a direct question.


An exclamation mark ( ! ) shows excitement or strong feelings. The colon ( : ) is used before a list that is proceeded by a clause that can stand by itself.

Much like a gate for words. "There is only one thing left for me to clean: the bathroom." "I need to get 3 items at the store: batteries, eggs and milk." The semicolon ( ; ) is used to help separate a closely related independent clause. "I really don't want to go to the football game on Friday;
it's supposed to be a blow out." Use parentheses [ ( ) ] to include
material that you want to de-emphasize or
that wouldn't normally fit into the flow of your text but you want to include nonetheless. "I can't wait for when we finally get
to go the beach (without my annoying older brother) at the end of June." We use an apostrophe ( ’ ) to
create possessive forms,
contractions,
and some plurals. Possession
"Those Skittles are Amanda's!"


Contractions
She will = she'll
You would = you'd
Who is = who's


Plurals
"My brother and I have high IQ's
and we get all A's." Use quotation marks ( “ ” ) to set
off material that represents
quoted or spoken language. Mr. Beck told us in class, "I have been using quotations marks this whole time to represent examples for punctuation." Quotation marks also set off
the titles of things that do
not normally stand by themselves:
short stories, poems, and articles. A slash or slant or solidus
or virgule ( / ) is used
to indicate a choice
between the words it separates. "I really hope the quiz is made up of yes/no questions." Commas ( , ) have many uses in the English language. 1.) Use a comma to separate the elements in a series (three or more things), including the last two.


"I have homework in science, math, and language arts tonight." 2.) Use a comma and a little
conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet,
or, so) to connect two
independent clauses.


"For my birthday I really want to go
play laser tag, and I also want to ride
the go-karts." 3.) Use a comma to set off introductory elements.


"Walking towards the school, he saw the caution tape on the front door." 4.) Use a comma to set off
parenthetical elements.


"George, who was a very fat cat, waited for his owner by the door." 5.) Use a comma to separate
several adjectives.


"Sam is a brilliant, hard working,
slightly crazy friend of mine." 6.) Use a comma to set off quoted elements.


Today my dad told me, "I am very
proud of you, son." 7.) Use a comma to avoid confusion.


"Let's eat Cher!"

"Let's eat, Cher!" 8.) We also use commas for dates, big numbers, and city and state separation.


May 14, 1989
1,234,567,890
Columbus, Ohio Capitalization




Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee We use capital letters for 4 reasons:

1.) The first word of a sentence
2.) The word "I"
3.) Proper nouns/names
4.) The names of holidays,
days and months 1.) The first word of a sentence


"When are we leaving to get dinner?" 2.) The word "I"


"When I grow up, I want to be a high school English teacher." 3.) Proper nouns/names


Barack Obama
Alaska
Statue of Liberty 4.) The names of holidays,
days and months


Christmas
Friday
April Such as,

"Brokeback Mountain"

"Where the Sidewalk Ends"

"Day 2: Highlights and Analysis From the Masters" Now, let's correct some punctuation mistakes. The hyphen ( - ) is used to join
words and to separate
syllables of a single word. Eighty-four

or

To-get-her - the thing that he was about to do was to open a diary This was not illegal nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death or at least by twenty five years in a forced-labour camp. winston fitted a nib into the penholder and sucked it to get the grease off the pen was an archaic instrument, seldom used even for signatures and he had procured one furtively and with some difficulty simply because of a feeling that the beautiful creamy paper deserved to be written on with a real nib instead of being scratched with an inkpencil. Actually he was not used to writing by hand. apart from very short notes it was usual to dictate everything into the speak-write which was of course impossible for his present purpose he dipped the pen into the ink and then faltered for just a second. A tremor had gone through his bowels. to mark the paper was the decisive act. In small clumsy letters he wrote

april 4th 1984
*25 Errors
-- "Nineteen Eightyfour" by george orwell The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This was not illegal (nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death, or at least by twenty-five years in a forced-labour camp. Winston fitted a nib into the penholder and sucked it to get the grease off. The pen was an archaic instrument, seldom used even for signatures, and he had procured one, furtively and with some difficulty, simply because of a feeling that the beautiful creamy paper deserved to be written on with a real nib instead of being scratched with an ink-pencil. Actually he was not used to writing by hand. Apart from very short notes, it was usual to dictate everything into the speak-write which was of course impossible for his present purpose. He dipped the pen into the ink and then faltered for just a second. A tremor had gone through his bowels. To mark the paper was the decisive act. In small clumsy letters he wrote:

April 4th, 1984.

--"Nineteen Eighty-four" by George Orwell “Let’s just leave!” Hermione whispered. “Disapparate now!”
“Great idea,” said Ron, but before Harry could reply, a Death Eater shouted,
“We know you are here, Potter, and there’s no getting away! We’ll find you!”
“They were ready for us,” whispered Harry. “They set up that spell to tell them we’d come. I reckon they’ve done something to keep us here, trap us—”
“What about dementors?” called another Death Eater. “Let’em have free rein, they’d find him quick enough!”

-- "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows" by J.K. Rowling Lets just leave” hermione whispered? “disapparate now”
“Great idea. said Ron, but before harry could reply, a Death Eater shouted
We know you are here, Potter and there’s no getting away! Well find you!
They were ready for us whispered harry “They set up that spell to tell them we’d come. i reckon they ve done something to keep us here, trap us—
'what about dementors.” called another death eater. Let’em have free rein, theyd find him quick enough!
*31 Errors let us not wallow in the valley of despair I say to you today, my friends

And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow i still have a dream it is a dream deeply rooted in the american dream?

i have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed we hold these truths to be selfevident, that all men are created equal?
*16 Errors Let us not wallow in the valley of despair, I say to you today, my friends.

And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."

-- "I Have a Dream" by Martin Luther King, Jr. "The rules of capitalization
are so unfair to words in the
middle of a sentence."
- John Green SourcesChandler, Otis. "John Green Quotes." Goodreads. N.p., Jan. 2007. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. <http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/304249-the-rules-of-capitalization-are-so-unfair-to-words-in>.Justin Franco. “Punctuation is Important.” YouTube Video. www.youtube.com. 3 Nov. 2010.Luther King Jr., Rev. Martin. "Martin Luther King's Speech: 'I Have a Dream' - The Full Text." ABC News. ABC News Network, 28 Aug. 1963. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. <http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/martin-luther-kings-speech-dream-full-text/story?id=14358231>."Part 1, Chapter 1." The Complete Works of George Orwell. N.p., 2003. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. <http://www.george-orwell.org/1984>."Punctuation Marks." Punctuation Marks. Capital Community College Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. <http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks/marks.htm>. "Reading, Writing, Grammar, Lesson Plans, Games, Activities." MrDonn.org Social Studies - FREE Lesson Plans Activities Games Powerpoints Handouts - for Kids and Teachers. Stanford, Berkeley, Harvard, n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. <http://www.mrdonn.org/>.Rowling, J. K., and Mary GrandPré. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. New York, NY: Arthur A. Levine, 2007. Print.Theelectriccompany. ”THE ELECTRIC COMPANY: LL Cool J Music Video: Punctuation.” YouTube Video. www.youtube.com. 6 Jan. 2010. 10 April 2013.US Chronical. “Interjections Schoolhouse Rock.” YouTube Video. www.youtube.com. 13 Oct. 2012.
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