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Literary Elements

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by

Erik Evans

on 20 October 2015

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Transcript of Literary Elements

Literary Elements
are the important
ingredients
that are necessary in order to have a good
story
!
What are Literary Elements?
The different
Literary Elements
needed for a
good story
are...
Character
Setting
Conflict
Plot
Theme
What are Characters?
A
Character
is any
person
or
thing
that takes
part
in the story!
What is Setting?
Setting
is
where
and
when
the story takes place!
Remember...these
Five Things?
What are the
five things
you
need
when you
read
?
The Ingredients for a Good Story!
Literary Elements
Characters

can either be
Protagonists
or
Antagonists
!
A
Protagonist
is the
good guy
or
main
character in the story!
An
Antagonist
is the
bad guy
or
force
that tries to get in the
way
of the good guy!
Character Traits
are the
actions
or
behaviors
that define a character's
personality
!
Positive
Character Traits
Loyal
Responsible
Trustworthy
Caring
Brave
Negative
Character Traits
Cowardly
Cruel
Dishonest
Greedy
Lazy
What is Conflict?
Conflict
is the
struggles
,
problems
, or
obstacles
that the characters face in the story!
There are
two
main types of Conflict...
External Conflict
is a
physical
struggle that the character must face against an
opposing
force, such as another
character
or some force of
nature
!
Man vs. Self
Internal Conflict
is an
emotional
struggle that the character must face within themselves, such as a tough
decision
they have to make!
Protagonist or Antagonist?
Is this character a
protagonist
or an
antagonist
?
Is this character a
protagonist
or an
antagonist
?
There are 5 types of external conflicts
Man vs. Man
The central character faces
opposition
from
another person
or
group of people
.

Examples:
Two girls compete for the same role in the school play.
A ninja warrior fights a rival clan to avenge his master's death
.

Man vs. Technology
The central character
struggles with or against
the
forces of technology
.

Examples
A group of strangers gets stuck in an elevator.
A teenage boy is pursued by robots from space that transform into cars.

Man vs. Society
The central character or group of characters battles
against traditions, institutions, or laws
.

Examples
A student takes his fight against the school dress code all the way to the Supreme Court.
A group of students protest in front of the School Board about school lunches.

Man vs. Supernatural
The central character is challenged by forces that are
not of this world.


Examples
A boy wizard must use his powers to protect his community from evil monsters.
A group of teenagers sleep in a haunted house and begin disappearing one by one.

Man vs. Nature
The central character struggles against animals, the elements, or other
natural forces
.

Examples
A castaway washes up on an island and must learn to survive with the available resources.
A ship captain pursues a great white whale through stormy seas.

Now it's your turn...
Read each description, identify the
antagonist
(opposing force)
and
the
type of conflict
.

Example:

An archeologist attempts to escape a hidden temple overrun by a vampire army.

Antagonist: Vampire army

Conflict Type: Person vs. Supernatural

An elderly man struggles to learn how to use his new phone.

Antagonist: Cell phone

Conflict Type: Person vs. Technology

ANSWER...
Two boxers who were formerly friends compete for the championship belt.

Antagonist: Former friend

Conflict Type: Man vs. Man

ANSWER...
End of Part I: Work with your partners and complete the Types of Conflicts worksheet
A young woman fights to gain admittance in an elite prep school that was only for boys.

Antagonist: Boys prep school / sexism

Conflict Type: Person vs. Society

ANSWER...
A group of colonists struggle to survive the winter in a strange land

Antagonist: Cold weather / hunger

Conflict Type: Person vs. Nature

ANSWER...
A students struggles against the urge to procrastinate and play video games rather than to do his homework.

Antagonist: Laziness / Procrastination

Conflict Type: Person vs. Self

ANSWER...
What is Theme?
A
theme
is the
underlying
meaning
or
message
in a
text.
https://www.flocabulary.com/theme/
What is Plot?
The Exposition is the series of events at the
beginning of the story
which
introduce
the CHARACTERS, SETTING, and SITUATION!
The
Initiating Event
(or inciting moment) is the event in the story
which begins or sparks the conflict
of the story!
Rising Action
is the series of events which
build suspense
and
lead to the climax
!
The
climax
is the
most emotional
or
suspenseful event
in the story! This could be the final battle between opposing characters or the turning point in a story!
Falling Action
is the series of events that
answer all of the unanswered questions
throughout the story!
Resolution
is the
last part
of the story, where the
conflicts are solved
and
loose ends are tied up
!
Any story, fiction or nonfiction, consists of a
PLOT
.

A Plot is the
SERIES
of events which occur in a story!

A Plot consists of
several
building blocks:

1. Exposition
2. Initiating Event (Inciting Moment)
3. Rising Action
4. Climax
5. Falling Action
6. Resolution
A PLOT CHART is a
diagram
in which the reader can
LOG
the events in a story.
Character, Setting, Plot
Full transcript