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COGNITION - PART 1

COGNITION
by

Linda Olson

on 11 October 2016

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Transcript of COGNITION - PART 1

COGNITION
USE OF IMAGES TO THINK, REMEMBER, AND SOLVE PROBLEMS
We use stored pictorial images to visualize solution's....an artist may complete a picture of a proposed sculpture before beginning work.
We use kinesthetic imagery to think with our bodies.
CREATIVITY
PROBLEM SOLVING
SENESTHESIA
EXPERIENCING ONE SENSE IN TERMS NORMALLY
ASSOCIATED WITH ANOTHER SENSE...
EX. SEEING COLORS WHEN A SOUND IS HEARD.
COGNITION (Thinking) - refers
to processing a mental representation
of a problem or situation.
THREE BASIC UNITS OF THOUGHT:
1. IMAGES - picture like mental representations
2. CONCEPTS - ideas that represent categories
of objects or events.
3. LANGUAGE- words or symbols and rules for
combining them.

CREATIVITY
AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE - A S L- language used by deaf and hearing impaired people.
BABY SIGN - Used to help pre-speaking babies communicate with their parents and others.
CREATIVITY
Problem Solving Expertise is based on acquired strategies, specific organized knowledge, automatic processing.
Mental Set - Tendency to perceive
a problem in a way that blinds us to
possible solutions.
TECHNIQUES TO ENHANCE CREATIVITY:
1. Break mental sets and challenge assumptions.
2. Define problems broadly.
3. Restate the problem in different ways.
4. Seek varied input.
5. Look for analogies.
6. Take sensible risks.
7. Allow time for incubation.
8. Brainstorm
9. Live more creatively.
Hot Cognition - Emotions tend
to affect good judgement.
NON-TRADITIONAl "LANGUAGE"
FOUR COMMON BARRIERS TO PROBLEM SOLVING:
1. Emotional Barriers - fear, inhibition...Fear of making a mistake.
2. Cultural Barriers - Certain cultures may see only the way their culture does things.
3. Learned Barriers - Taboos, It's my way or the highway.
4. Perceptual Barriers - Locked in to only seeing the problem or the solution in one way
PROBLEM SOLVING
CREATIVITY
There is generally little correlation between creativity tests and IQ tests...Two different abilities.

Creative Thinking is different from more routine problem solving because it produces new answers, ideas, patterns rather than repeating learned solutions
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INDUCTIVE AND DEDUCTIVE REASONING:
Inductive - going from specific => general;
Deductive - going from general => specific


Baby Einstein - My First Signs Part 1

Three Year Old Reading to Little Brother Using Sign Language
CalgaryIsSigning

Lexigrams - geometric wording system - Used as a means of communication.

Kanzi with lexigram
IowaPrimate
.LearningSanctuary

A conceptual rule is a guideline for deciding whether
objects or events belong to a concept class.

Using inaccurate concepts often leads to thinking errors.
CONCEPTS
A conceptual rule is a guideline for deciding whether objects or events
belong to a concept class.

Using inaccurate concepts often
leads to thinking errors.
PROBLEM SOLVING
FOUR COMMON BARRIERS TO PROBLEM SOLVING:
1. Emotional Barriers - fear, inhibition...Fear of making a mistake.
2. Cultural Barriers - Certain cultures may see only the way their culture does things.
3. Learned Barriers - Taboos, It's my way or the highway.
4. Perceptual Barriers - Locked in to only seeing the problem or the solution in one way
Is Creativity Learned or Inherited?
Creativity Requires Time Simply Best007
What Color Is Tuesday? Exploring Synethesia- TED-ED.
Hearing Colors, Seeing Sounds: Synesthesia Sci Show

INDUCTIVE REASONING:
Going from specific => general; Terrier=>Dogs
DEDUCTIVE REASONING
Going from general => specific
Cattle=>Hereford

STOP HERE
CREATIVE THINKING
Full transcript