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Objective 6 - Colonial Society
Transcript of Objective 6 - Colonial Society
- Short Life Expectancy
- Small Families
- Large Poor Class
- Few schools
- Social class unrest and slave revolts
Life in New England -
- Longer Life Expectancy
- Large Families
- Distribution of Wealth
- Schools in most communities...(Harvard, Yale, Brown, Princeton)
- Resentment of England ... More Colonial independence
Evolution of Colonial Society
Life in the
vs. Life in the
Mercantilism and the African Slave Trade
- the economic relationship between England and the American colonies
- Americans supply
England with raw materials in return for finished goods
- created an
in the colonies, and
- enforced by the
Acts of Trade and Navigation
African Slave Trade
- Slave population booms after 1670 (i.e.
- By 1750, slaves outnumber whites in the Southern Colonies
- Evidence of African American culture
- Blended Religion, blended language, blended music (i.e. "gullah")
Social Mobility and Benjamin Franklin
The (First) Great Awakening
- Religious Revival that began in the 1730's in New England communities
- "Each of these "Great Awakenings" was characterized by
led by evangelical Protestant ministers, a
sharp increase of interest in religion
sense of conviction and redemption
on the part of those affected, an
increase in evangelical church membership
formation of new religious movements and denominations."
- Why did it start? -
people were bored with old sermons and preachers were disappointed in dropping church membership.
- Who were it's leaders?
- Fire and Brimstone sermons..."
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
- Where did it occur? - EVERYWHERE!!!
Why is it important for today's students to study the American colonial period?
What caused these differences?
- Born into a poor family in Boston
- Mother was a housewife/teacher
- Father was a candlestick maker
- Ben had 14 brother and sisters...none went to a formal school
- Inventor - bifocals, stove oven, rocking chair, etc..
- Founder - University of Pennsylvania, Hospital, Fire Station
- Author - Poor Richards Almanack
- Founding Father - Diplomat and Editor of D.O.I.
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
There were profound differences between New England and NEW FRANCE.
The English colonies, though much smaller in area, dwarfed the French colonization in population.
Louis XIV was a devout Catholic and tolerated no other faiths within the French Empire.
French HUGUENOTS, the dominant religious minority (protestant), therefore found no haven in New France.
Land was less of an issue in France than England, so French peasants had less economic incentive to leave. The French Crown was far more interested in its holdings in the Far East and the sugar islands of the Caribbean, so the
French monarchs did little to sponsor emigration to North America.
the sparse French population would be no match for the more numerous British colonists as the wars raged on.
Unlike the English colonies where self-rule had been pursued immediately, the people of New France had no such privileges.
There were no elected assemblies. Decisions were made by local MAGISTRATES on behalf of the French king. Trial by jury did not exist, nor did a free press. The French citizenry depended directly on the Crown for guidance.
The English colonists depended on themselves. In the end, despite huge claims to North American lands,
the French would be overwhelmed by more numerous, self-directed subjects of Britain.
French cultural contributions are still felt in the modern United States. CAJUN and CREOLE food draw from French culinary traditions. We need look no further than the map: DES MOINES, DETROIT, ST. LOUIS, GRAND TETON, and NEW ORLEANS, to see but some of France's enduring influence.
Fur Trappers - Coureir de Bois
Peaceful trade relationships with Native Americans