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LING218 WEEK 1

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Annabelle Lukin

on 3 March 2017

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Transcript of LING218 WEEK 1

Three points of view on language and grammar
Halliday's Introduction to Functional Grammar
Language is for meaning-making
We use language for meanings of more than one kind
Ling218 Grammar and Meaning
Ling218 Week 1
What is language? What is grammar?
Language is for making MEANING, so this course is 'grammar and meaning'
Language makes more than one kind of meaning
This means structure is multifunctional or 'polyphonic'
words have shape = 'morphology'
this unit is about understanding word shape and function, a.k.a GRAMMAR
WELCOME TO LING218
is raining
isn't raining
The amazing power
and beauty of the verbal group
TENSE
to rain
What is language? Where did it come from? What is grammar? How many grammatical terms do you know? Do you remember anything about learning to talk? How many languages do you know?
JOT DOWN your thoughts, and share them with your neighbour.

modality
Ferdinand de Saussure
1857-1913
Benjamin Lee Whorf
1897-1941
MAK Halliday 1925 - present
What kinds of meanings are exchanged with tiny babies?
What kinds of meanings do the twins share in their conversations?
Language is dialogic
We learn it in interactive, dialogic environments.
It has an interpersonal function. This means it has grammatical systems for the expression of interpersonal meanings.
Discussion: What is the Subject?
What does it do?
What bit of structure is it?
How is it defined?
Why is it important?
Discuss these questions with your neighbour. Look it up online if this helps (it won't! :)!)
If you speak another language, translate "It's raining" into your other language/s.
Can you analyse the grammar of "It's raining."?
Light as wave and particle
"It seems as though we must use sometimes the one theory and sometimes the other, while at times we may use either. We are faced with a new kind of difficulty. We have two contradictory pictures of reality; separately neither of them fully explains the phenomena of light, but together they do"
Like light, grammatical structure has to be looked at from a number of points of view.
A volunteer please to do the grammatical analysis of 'it's raining'.
Three points of view on language and grammar
language
interpersonal
ideational
textual
It 's raining
Subject-Finite-Predicator
Actor - Process
Theme - Rheme
Grammar is the powerhouse of language. This course will introduce you to the relationship of grammar and meaning, through understanding the three functions of language:
Ideational function - how we use language to model experience
Interpersonal function - how we enact our social relationships through language
Textual function - how we organize our language into coherent text in the many different contexts in which we interact.
The analysis you will learn about in this unit is used in many different fields of study, including computational linguistics, translation, literary studies, child language development, political and media discourse, the language of health professionals, the language of education, etc. This is a course for people who love language, or who understand that language is important to all aspects of human life
What can verbs do
Give me as many different permuations of 'rain' as you can
https://books.google.com.au/books?id=odUqAAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=halliday%27s+introduction+to+functional+grammar&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n5nqVJjzI4Pe8AX0zoHAAw&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=halliday%27s%20introduction%20to%20functional%20grammar&f=false
polarity
rains
doesn't rain
rains
rained
will rain
could rain
might rain
will rain
should rain

could be raining
could be going to rain
could have <already> rained
MODALITY PLUS TENSE
rained
didn't rain
but wait...
There's more
what if 'rain' doesn't have to be a verb?

Unit Guide
http://unitguides.mq.edu.au/unit_offerings/72100/unit_guide
It
's raining
http://www.omniglot.com/language/idioms/rain.php
finiteness
... to be or not to be
is
the question
voice
Rain showers my spirit
My spirit is showered by rain
It's raining
It 's raining
Rain showers my spirit
My spirit is showered by rain
Subject-Finite-Predicator
Subject - Fin+Pred - Complement
Subject - Finite Predicator - Complement
voice
polarity
tense
modality
finiteness
voice
The amazing power and beauty of verbs
didn't rain
did not rain
IFG Ch 6
'rain' = ???
'rain' = process/event
rain = ??
rain = ??
rain = ??
'rain' = ????
idioms
metaphors
IFG CH 6
Full transcript