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Transcript of Homestead Act
People thought not good for farmland New Settlers
Move to the Great Plains
But why would they move here?
Hoped that with hard work, pioneers would turn the plains into productive farmland. Pioneers To encourage people to move to the Great Plains
Offered free land to American citizens and immigrants
Start new farms
160 acres of land Homestead Act To be a homesteader:
A man over the age of 21
A woman head of family
Small fee $10
Live on it for 5 years
Then it is yours Homesteader
Settlers who claimed land through the Homestead Act. Homesteaders had to rip up the grass Sodbusters Grasses on the Great Plains had thick, tangled roots that reached several inches down into the soil. They had to BUST through this "sod" before planting crops. Sodbusters used sod to build houses
Few trees, so sod was a useful building material
COOL in summer
WARM in winter
Negatives: bugs, mice, and snakes! Soddie Soil was VERY fertile once they broke through the sod! America Fever Fertile soil meant many people wanted to come to America
Thousands of families from Europe
Russia, Sweden, Norway, Germany
Farmers from Russia brought hardy seeds of wheat that survived the Great Plains weather. Exodusters African American pioneers
Their own communities on the Great Plains
"We need land for our children."
Name comes from Exodus (Biblical)
A journey to Freedom