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Homestead Act

Homestead Act. 5th Grade South Carolina
by

Technology Tym

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Homestead Act

GHES 5th Grade Social Studies Homestead Act "Great American Desert" The Great Plains A vast region of dry grassland in the middle of the country.
Few Trees
Harsh weather
low rainfall
People thought not good for farmland New Settlers
Move to the Great Plains

But why would they move here?
Hoped that with hard work, pioneers would turn the plains into productive farmland. Pioneers To encourage people to move to the Great Plains
1862 Signed
Offered free land to American citizens and immigrants
Start new farms
160 acres of land Homestead Act To be a homesteader:
A man over the age of 21
A woman head of family
Small fee $10
Farm Land
Live on it for 5 years
Then it is yours Homesteader
Settlers who claimed land through the Homestead Act. Homesteaders had to rip up the grass Sodbusters Grasses on the Great Plains had thick, tangled roots that reached several inches down into the soil. They had to BUST through this "sod" before planting crops. Sodbusters used sod to build houses
Few trees, so sod was a useful building material
COOL in summer
WARM in winter
Negatives: bugs, mice, and snakes! Soddie Soil was VERY fertile once they broke through the sod! America Fever Fertile soil meant many people wanted to come to America
Thousands of families from Europe
Russia, Sweden, Norway, Germany
Farmers from Russia brought hardy seeds of wheat that survived the Great Plains weather. Exodusters African American pioneers
Their own communities on the Great Plains
"We need land for our children."
Name comes from Exodus (Biblical)
A journey to Freedom
Full transcript