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OCR AS Skill and Ability

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by

Geraint Davies

on 15 September 2016

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Transcript of OCR AS Skill and Ability

Skill
Learning Outcomes
ALL: define ability and skill and each of their components
OCR AS Skill and Ability
Discuss in your group whether sports performers have good skill or good ability.
Is there difference?
Ability
MOST: Explain how skill and ability applies to sport
SOME: Analyse the relationship between skill and ability
Why do we study skill acquisition?
What is the difference between skill and ability?
Why does the distinction matter?
How can we use this information?
TASK 4
Definition:
The process of learning/acquiring new skills

Economical

Smooth

Efficient
Consistent

Fluent

Aesthetic

Goal directed

Controlled

Learned

Evening

Saturday
Every

Consistently

Fish

A

Get
Cats

Lucky
Remember: ACE FACE
Aesthetically pleasing (good to look at)
Controlled
Effortless (makes it look easy)
Fluent
Accurate
Consistent/co-ordinated
Efficient (doesn’t waste time or energy)
Definition of Ability
Skill
Something that we
LEARN
(not innate)
Predetermined
(this means that we have thought of it before)
Goal directed
(there is a reason for doing it)
Definition of Skill
Describing Skilful performance
Have a look at the two definitions for skill and ability
SKill and Ability
TASK 1
Ability is the
foundation for skill learning
Genetically determined (
innate and enduring
) i.e. we are born with them and they stay with us for life
We often
inherit

our abilities
Examples include reaction time, agility, coordination and balance
Any evidence in sport of this?
Examples include kicking a ball or making a pass
TASK 2:

Using specific examples, describe your favourite sports persons performance
(a) What are the characteristics of a skilful performance? (3 marks)
3 marks for 3 of:
A. Minimisation of time/quick/fast/efficient
B. Minimisation of energy/effort/equiv.
C. Repeatable success/consistent/few mistakes
D. Flowing/smooth/fluent/aesthetically pleasing
E. Adaptable
F. Good technique/coordinated/controlled
G. Learned
H. Goal directed
Ability:
2 types relevant to movement
PsychoMotor ability
Gross Motor Ability
Involve large movement and are related to physical fitness.
This is the ability to
process information
about
how and when we move
; putting decisions into action
E.g.
reaction time…………
It is only through
practice
that these abilities
become skills
E.g.
Jumping onto a 2m box!
Skill
There are three types of skill
Cognitive
Perceptual
Psychomotor
TASK 3
Summary of Learning
TASK 1: Summarise the key aspects into something you will remember....
WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED SO FAR?
Brazilian Footballers: describe their skill....
Examples include:
Dynamic Strength - maximal force repeatedly
Static Strength - max strength exerted against an object
Full transcript