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OCR AS Skill and Ability
Transcript of OCR AS Skill and Ability
ALL: define ability and skill and each of their components
OCR AS Skill and Ability
Discuss in your group whether sports performers have good skill or good ability.
Is there difference?
MOST: Explain how skill and ability applies to sport
SOME: Analyse the relationship between skill and ability
Why do we study skill acquisition?
What is the difference between skill and ability?
Why does the distinction matter?
How can we use this information?
The process of learning/acquiring new skills
Remember: ACE FACE
Aesthetically pleasing (good to look at)
Effortless (makes it look easy)
Efficient (doesn’t waste time or energy)
Definition of Ability
Something that we
(this means that we have thought of it before)
(there is a reason for doing it)
Definition of Skill
Describing Skilful performance
Have a look at the two definitions for skill and ability
SKill and Ability
Ability is the
foundation for skill learning
Genetically determined (
innate and enduring
) i.e. we are born with them and they stay with us for life
Examples include reaction time, agility, coordination and balance
Any evidence in sport of this?
Examples include kicking a ball or making a pass
Using specific examples, describe your favourite sports persons performance
(a) What are the characteristics of a skilful performance? (3 marks)
3 marks for 3 of:
A. Minimisation of time/quick/fast/efficient
B. Minimisation of energy/effort/equiv.
C. Repeatable success/consistent/few mistakes
D. Flowing/smooth/fluent/aesthetically pleasing
F. Good technique/coordinated/controlled
H. Goal directed
2 types relevant to movement
Gross Motor Ability
Involve large movement and are related to physical fitness.
This is the ability to
how and when we move
; putting decisions into action
It is only through
that these abilities
Jumping onto a 2m box!
There are three types of skill
Summary of Learning
TASK 1: Summarise the key aspects into something you will remember....
WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED SO FAR?
Brazilian Footballers: describe their skill....
Dynamic Strength - maximal force repeatedly
Static Strength - max strength exerted against an object