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Unit 08 올림포스 영어독해의 기본1
Transcript of Unit 08 올림포스 영어독해의 기본1
When companies use natural resources to create goods and services for consumers, they are generally not required to pay environmental costs of such use of resources.( A ) ___________, fishing companies pay the costs of catching fish but do not pay for the depletion of fish stocks. Timber companies pay for clear-cutting forests but not for the resulting environmental degradation and loss of wildlife habitat. The primary goal of these companies is to maximize their profits, so they do not voluntarily pay these harmful environmental costs or even try to assess them, unless required to do so by government laws or regulations.( B ) __________, the prices of goods and services do not include their harmful environmental costs, and consumers are generally unaware of these costs and the negative effects of the goods and services they buy on the earth's life-support system.
① 셰익스피어가 쓴 154개의 소네트들 중에서 가장 잘 알려져 있다.
② 시의 화자는 연인을 여름에 비유하고 영원히 살 것이라 주장한다.
③ 독자들은 시의 화자가 사랑한 여인에게 보낸 것이라고 생각한다.
④ 126개의 소네트를 받은 젊은 남성 친구에 대한 사랑을 표현한 것이다.
젊은 남성 친구와 화자와의 관계를 시 속에서 분명히 하고 있다.
Anger makes problems for relationships when there is too much of it, and when people are unable to control the way they express it, and become, for instance, argumentative, aggressive, or violent. It also causes problems when people cannot express their anger and try to keep it hidden. It is normal, ( A ) _________, to feel angry at times, and it can also have useful effects. Anger can mobilize you to take action, ( B ) __________ , to set limits to the demands others make of you, to think about why something matters to you or to defend yourself if attacked. It can be constructively expressed, and prompt you to explain what it is that is distressing or alarming you, and to ask for what you need. It can also cause people to face their differences and difficulties and seek solutions.
1. (A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은?
Beatriz Badikian, poet, essayist, and fiction writer was born March 24, 1951, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Her father, George born in Turkey, (A) [moving / moved] to Greece at the age of five, and Badikian's mother Georgia, was born in Greece. The poet's parents emigrated to Argentina after World War II and in 1970 to the United States, finally setting in Chicago. In a personal interview, Badikian provides insight into her parents' motivation for coming to the United States: "(B) [Like / Alike] all immigrants, my parents brought me here in their search for a better life. Unfortunately, that never materialized for them." Her parents (C) [returned / had returned] to Greece in 1981. Badikian, however, remained in the Chicago area, earning her doctorate in creative writing from the University of Illinois in Chicago in 1994.
William Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, many of which are great achievements of English literature. Among them, "Sonnet 18" is the best known and most frequently quoted. In the Sonnet, the speaker compares his beloved to the summer season, and argues that his beloved is better and will live on forever. Readers often assume that this sonnet is addressed to a young woman, an object of the speaker's romantic love. But though the sonnet is indeed a love poem, it is actually an expression of love for a male friend - the same nameless young gentleman to whom the first 126 of Shakespeare's sonnets are addressed. Though scholars have long debated the identity of the young man and the nature of his relationship to the narrator, the matter is clouded by uncertainty. It is unclear even whether Shakespeare is narrating.
2. Sonnet 18에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
Postmodernism, as it is usually understood, is marked by a particular tendency. That is, there is the (A) [acceptance / denial] that the author's intentions can and ought to govern our readings of a text. Postmodernism literary critics assert that even if a writer self-consciously intends to convey a teaching by means of a poem, play, or novel, he or she has no control over how readers respond to it. What (B) [inevitably / intentionally] happens, they say, is that readers find things in texts that relate to their particular experiences. Since everyone's experience is incommunicably (C) [unique / common], the text means something different to each reader. Whatever an author's "intentions" might be, he or she cannot teach because, ultimately, he or she cannot communicate.
3. (A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은?
As a result
부사절의 주어가 주절의 주어랑
주절의 주어 + be동사
~, unless (
) required ~
상품의 재고 / 주식
비하, 수모 / 저하, 악화
괴롭히다, 고통을 안겨주다
서술적용법만 가능한 형용사
구체적인 과거의 한 시점이 등장하므로 과거시제만 가능
If vs. Whether
셰익스피어 소네트 18 (Shakespeare Sonnet 18)
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
내 그대를 한여름 날에 비할 수 있을까?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
그대는 여름보다 더 아름답고 부드러워라.
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
거친 바람이 5월의 사랑스운 꽃봉오리를 흔들고
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
여름의 빌려온 기간은 너무 짧아라.
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
때로 태양은 너무 뜨겁게 내리쬐고
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
그의 금빛 얼굴은 흐려지기도 하여라.
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
어떤 아름다운 것도 언젠가는 그 아름다움이 쇠퇴하고
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
우연이나 자연의 변화로 고운 치장을 빼앗긴다.
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
그러나 그대의 영원한 여름은 퇴색하지 않고
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
그대가 지닌 아름다움은 잃어지지 않으리라.
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
죽음도 그대가 자신의 그늘 속에서 방황한다고 뽐내진 못하리.
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
불멸의 시구 형태로 시간 속에서 자라게 되나니.
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
인간이 살아 숨을 쉬고 볼 수 있는 눈이 있는 한
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
이 시는 살게 되어 그대에게 생명을 주리라.
n. 사랑하는 사람
(우편물, 편지 등을) 보내다
말할수 없을 정도로
1. to 부정사
2. or not
3. 문장에서의 역할
The question of
whether to allow
human embryo cloning is a hot issue. (O)
The question of
if to allow
human embryo cloning is a hot issue. (X)
인간 배아 복제를 허락할 것인가 아닌가의 문제는 핫 이슈이다.
"if + to 부정사" 형태로 사용할 수 없다.
We need to ask him whether the rumor is true
We need to ask him whether
the rumor is true. (O)
We need to ask him if the rumor is true
We need to ask him if
the rumor is true. (X)
"or not" 은 if 바로 다음에 사용할 수 없다.
1) 주어 자리
Whether he loves me or not
(2) 진주어 자리
It doesn't matter
whether he loves me or not
(3) 보어 자리
The question is
whether she is satisfied or not
(4) 동사의 목적어
I want to know
whether I’m pregnant or not
(5) 전치사의 목적어
There is still uncertainty about
whether business conditions will improve
if의 경우 "동사의 목적어" 로만 사용가능하다.