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Copy of The History and Evolution of acapella music
Transcript of Copy of The History and Evolution of acapella music
Modern A Capella
As technology has changed, so has A Capella music. The use of new recording devices and of sound mixing programs has made it easy for anyone to sing in an A Capella group without other people present.
Modern A Capella groups
As A Capella music has evolved, it has made its way
into choral pieces. This has let way for a new breed
of choirs - A Capella choir.
However, Acapella choral music has been around since
the times of Mozart, Chaikovski, and other classical
composers who chose to write
unaccompanied choral pieces.
is a style of music that evolved from
hymns, psalms, and folk songs from the African American immigrants
coming to the new world. These close-harmony quartets remained, often as a "fourth act" combining music with ethnic comedy that would be considered scandalous and racist by modern standards.
Gregorian Chant is the oldest
A Capella music, originating from the first century,
reaching its peak in the IX, X, and XI centuries.
The name is an homage to
Pope Gregory I
who did a
collection of pieces
Chants were mostly sung by monks or laymen in the monasteries.
As Gregorian chants popularity grew, so did the reforms being made to it. A major reform was a more specific notation method as well as more specific musical elements were incorporated into the music.
Gregorian chant was originally taught by rote, and was not
recorded on paper until Pope Gregory I published them in a book.
This style was originally sung by men, but in modern times, it has been embraced by female quartets and by female and male choruses that still retain the characteristic four-parts.
Barbershop harmony uses most chords found in traditional harmonies, as well as the dominant seventh chord, ninths, minor sevenths, major and minor sixths, and half-diminished chords.
The Dominant Seventh Chord is used and associated with this style so much that it is known as the "Barbershop Seventh".
Acapella music was originally created because the rabbis banned instrumental music from the synagogue services around 70 A.D in order to separate their services from those of the pagan Greek rituals, which also used instrumental music in their services.
Acapella: (Latin) In the style of the Church
Music sung without instrumental accompaniment
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
LIturgies and Masses by famous composers such as Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, Arkhangelsky, and Leontovych.
After the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed, use of musical instruments in the synagogue was forbidden on the sabbath.
Began to develop in Europe around the 15th Century.
In the 16th century, acapella polyphony continued to influence
religious and church composers throughout the time period and
even to this day.
Collegiate A Capella groups compete at the International Championship of Collegiate A Capella.
African American slaves, who remembered the songs from their native country, would join together in secret and would sing songs that spoke of the Gospel and how they could "Be saved by Jesus". These meetings were "Camp Meetings" or "Bush Meetings" (this is where the term
"Camp Song" originated)
They sang their music A Capella on account of the slave owners not allowing the slaves to have African drums and other instruments.
As A Capella has evolved, choral groups shrunk to an average of 4-10 people in a group, with 2 to 3 people on each part. Some of these groups have contributed to the popularity that A Capella music has received over the past few years.
Many Colleges have A Capella clubs that contain several groups that are run by students. Groups such as these include Vocal Point, The Dartmouth Aires, and other such groups.
Both the television series "The Sing-Off" and the recent film release of "Pitch Perfect" have been major influences on bringing back the popularity and wide knowledge of Collegiate A Capella.
Another interesting style of music that takes advantage of A Capella that is sometimes overlooked is the "Sacred Harp" style of music. These groups are non-denomitation groups singing about the Gospel. It's name is in reference to your voice - the sacred harp that you were given at birth.
In Sacred Harp, they don't rehearse. In these meetings, they grab a book and sing. The different tones and sounds that come from this style is what makes this style so special and unique.
By Eve Spiekerman xD
Edited by Cameron Vile