Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

POLI10601 Lecture 4

No description
by

Veronique Pin-Fat

on 30 November 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of POLI10601 Lecture 4

Lecture 4: Contemporary neorealism and neoliberal institutionalism
NEOREALISM AND THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM: EXPLAINING THE COMPETITION FOR POWER
Today's concentration break is brought to you by...
Cihan Eroglu
IR’S TEMPORAL STORIES ABOUT NEOREALISM AND NEOLIBERALISM
Two pictures or one?
Lecture Plan
NEOLIBERALISM AND INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS: EXPLAINING COOPERATION UNDER ANARCHY
IR’s temporal stories about neorealism and neoliberalism
NEOREALISM AND THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM: EXPLAINING THE COMPETITION FOR POWER
Epistemology
• IR’s temporal stories about neorealism and neoliberalism
• Neorealism and the international system: Explaining the competition for power

• **Concentration break** Veronique.Pin-Fat@manchester.ac.uk

• Neoliberalism and international institutions: Explaining cooperation under anarchy
• CONCLUSION: Two pictures or one?

Neoliberal time
Neorealist time
Increasing Western European integration
Period of détente
1973 oil crisis
Aspects of reality: Signs of progress?
European Free Trade Area
European Defence Community
Interdependence
End of détente
9/11
No change: The timeless truth of power politics
US President Ronald Reagan
Kenneth Waltz 1979
Why do states exhibit same
foreign policy behaviour?
Why is change so
difficult?
Epistemology
Avoid reductionism
- explanation is not at level of human nature nor the state
Parsimony
- a parsimonious theory of international politics
Ontology: The international system
Ordering principle of the system:
Anarchy
or hierarchy?

Units of the system are functionally
similar

Distribution of capabilities:
bipolar, unipolar, multipolar?
Defensive vs. offensive neorealism
Waltz - defensive neorealism
States should pursue appropriate levels of power to ensure order and avoid war
John Mearsheimer (2001) The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (New York: Norton)
- Regional hegemon (offense to ensure
hegemony and survival
)
“Interdependence provides a rational, strategic incentive for states to continue cooperating with one another"
(Robert Keohane, 1984, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy)
What are the barriers to cooperation?
The Prisoner's Dilemma and neoliberalism
Barriers to cooperation

lack of information and transparency
Research finding

iteration
, or the expectation of future interaction makes actors less likely to defect from cooperative arrangements” (Sterling-Folker 2010: 123)
Ontology: International institutions
Institutions foster iteration
Institutions offset the barriers to cooperation that the Prisoner’s Dilemma captures
Formal international institutions: multilateral organisations
E.g.United Nations, World Trade Organisation, International Monetary Fund
International regimes
“sets of implicit or explicit principles, norms, rules and decision-making procedures around which actors’ expectations converge in a given area of international relations”(Stephen Krasner ed. International Regimes: 2)
E.g. Copenhagen Agreement, Geneva Conventions
Agreement: (1) states: unitary rational actor:
(2) system: anarchic: (3) structure -ordering principle, units, distribution of capabilities
Problem of anarchy
peristent
: security, survival, independence
Problem of anarchy = defection, 'cheating'
offset
by institutions
NEOREALISTS
NEOLIBERALS
Power:
relative
gains
Power:
absolute
gains
Cooperation: coordination
Cooperation: collaboration for mutual interests
structure includes conventions
Conclusion
Core aspects of neorealism and neoliberalism: A shared picture?
What? Ontology
states
anarchic system with structures
interdependence
international institutions
power & cooperation
Who?Subjectivity
Where? Space
When? Time
Inside/Outside
How? Epistemology
In the world of international politics we see these 'things'
What's missing from the MAINSTREAM ('orthodox') picture of international politics?
See you next lecture to find out!
Facts
Objectivity
Social SCIENCE
Game theory
Predict state behaviour
States
Anarchic system
Neorealist time
Neoliberal
Note: Neoliberals study international institutions & regimes but
STATES
are still the primary actors in these institutions and regimes.
MAINSTREAM IR
Full transcript