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Copy of CEP 812 Wicked Problem Assignmen

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Lawrence Jacques

on 25 February 2015

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Transcript of Copy of CEP 812 Wicked Problem Assignmen

A multimedia summary of recorded conversations
A Visual
Representation
of our Wicked Problem

Cultural traits are transmitted from person to person, similarly to genes or viruses.

Cultural evolution therefore can be understood through the same basic mechanisms of

reproduction, spread, variation, and natural selection that underlie biological evolution.

This implies a shift from genes as units of biological information to a new type of units of

cultural information: memes. The concept of meme can be defined as an information

pattern, held in an individual's memory, which is capable of being copied to another

individual's memory.


~ Francis Heylighen & Klaas Chielens Evolution, Complexity and Cognition group Vrije Universiteit Brussel
White Paper Policy Recommendation
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1fmSFQrQEoREuoziu8sdEPKl-EAYP0Pa8lP_lzPMh65U/edit?usp=sharing
Our Wicked Problem (as identified by New Media Consortium in 2013):

Allow failure to be as powerful a learning mode as success .
Learning is all about risk, but learning institutions are anything but risk tolerant . There are good reasons for that, except when it comes to learning. We deceive students when we do not make it clear that not all knowledge is absolute.
Truth is the result of generations of exploration, of refinement, of pushing the boundaries of our experience. Truth builds on failure as much as success
, but failure is anathema to today’s learning institutions. We must instill in students the drive to learn, and to help them see the vital role of failure in discovery. We need to expect our halls of learning to question their own processes and strategies, and their own success. We measure things, but spend little time on understanding what we should be measuring. We know great innovation always comes from the refinement of an initial idea, but we teach in and administer schools as if there are absolute certainties that we must never question.
How can we ensure that the next series of great discoveries will be made ?
That is a challenge whose dimensions and starting places are elusive enough to be considered a truly wicked problem.

A multimedia summary of our recorded conversations

A Visual Representation of our Wicked Problem

&

White Paper Policy Recommendation

By providing:
More in depth
Pictures
Comments and Edits
Hangout
Getting to know each other
Fast, Easy, Communication!!
Sharing Ideas
Edits made in Google Docs auto appear in GMAIL to notify us for quick responses
Scheduling
Quick, easy record of when to meet!
Our Wicked Problem (as identified by New Media Consortium in 2013):

Allow failure to be as powerful a learning mode as success .
Learning is all about risk, but learning institutions are anything but risk tolerant . There are good reasons for that, except when it comes to learning. We deceive students when we do not make it clear that not all knowledge is absolute.
Truth is the result of generations of exploration, of refinement, of pushing the boundaries of our experience. Truth builds on failure as much as success
, but failure is anathema to today’s learning institutions.
We must instill in students the drive to learn, and to help them see the vital role of failure in discovery.
We need to expect our halls of learning to question their own processes and strategies, and their own success. We measure things, but spend little time on understanding what we should be measuring. We know great innovation always comes from the refinement of an initial idea, but we teach in and administer schools as if there are absolute certainties that we must never question.
How can we ensure that the next series of great discoveries will be made ?
That is a challenge whose dimensions and starting places are elusive enough to be considered a truly wicked problem.
The lessons of failure are beneficial
The interpretation:
Understanding risk is beneficial
Truth is eventually discoverable
Failure leads to innovation
Adaptability is beneficial as absolute
certainties become less absolute
(i.e. changing times)
Action is required
It will be difficult
Why is Failure Good?

I've missed more than 9000 shots in my career. I've lost almost 300 games. 26 times, I've been trusted to take the game winning shot and missed. I've failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed.
Michael Jordan

"No failure means no risk, which means nothing new."
It's fine to celebrate success but it is more important to heed the lessons of failure.
~Bill Gates
I can accept failure, but I can't accept not trying.
Michael Jordan
The Policy Actors Ranked by their Influence
Local Stakeholders:
Parents - used to seeing grades and understanding A-F
Students - may not understand standards-based grading
Teachers - need to be critical of how to grade students and allow them to take responsibility for their own learning
Administration - evaluations based on growth, must still be able to show student growth.
Source: Fowler Ch. 6 The Major Education Policy Actors (Dr. Nith Bunlay and Dr. Wayne E. Wright Royal University of Phnom Penh)
Source: http://www.maine.gov/education/communication.htm
Technology, Political Decisions, and Everything Else is Changing at an Increasing Rate!!

The world is changing faster and faster as time goes by.


We need to scaffold better ways to adapt to the changing environment

By understanding the lessons of how things fail we can better prepare our students for the ever changing modern job market




Gee states, "the most important step taken in the evolution of higher intelligence was the development of the ability of an animal to think and plan both before and after taking an action."


Collaboration in Action!
Gee also describes a multi-part process for smart action which is essentially:
1. plan
2. act
3.
assess
4. repeat
*We want to be able to increase students mental ability to assess and learn from failures through scaffolding.
If you are concerned about things changing faster then you can adapt to. Maybe look to evolution for advice.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/Darwin_restored2.jp g
Thinking about Categorizing Failure to be used as a Tool for Future Generations as they Face Unprecedented Change
http://prezi.com/unw82djxo7_4/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Let's Mind Map IT
Source:http://www.virgin.com/richard-branson/failure-as-a-tool?utm_content=buffer5c05f&utm_source=buffer&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=Buffer#.Ul6T_w91K2I.twitter
So first we should identify stakeholders
Through ranking influence we can tarket priority policy makers
Click BELOW for Way Awesome yet Boring Detailed Information
Visualizing
our
Objectives
Examining the Wicked Problem
Identify Strategies
This problem is not difficult to define it is difficult to define by a single entity. Due to the nature of wicked problems often multiple stakeholders are involved. Each of these stakeholders would provide a different perspective on what would constitute as a winning strategy.
Identify Technologies
Video games (students learn from mistakes)
Anonymous surveys
Collaborative documents to brainstorm ideas/solutions
E-mailed "tickets out the door" to check for understanding
in search of viable options worth pursuing at a policy level.
Potential Outcomes from Using Failure as a Mode of Learning

The recognition of failure
Decreased tension around failure
Prediction of events that cause failure
Learned strategy to avoid failure
Ability to synthesize
First Identify Stakeholders
Darwin
(the evolution guy)
Ranking them by Influence will allow for more targeted Lobbying
Note:

High Influence
Likely to find Allies
When it comes down to it the policy makers will want to know why this is worth their time.
Cough American Political System
Identify Lessons from Failure that will benefit us.
9 Lessons from A 10-Time Startup Failure

http://www.forbes.com/sites/ericwagner/2013/10/22/9-lessons-from-a-10-time-startup-failure/

10 Great Lessons You Can Learn From Highly Successful People About Failure

http://www.pickthebrain.com/blog/10-great-lessons-can-learn-highly-successful-people-failure/
Identify Approaches
Changing grading system to standards-based grading
Formative Assessment to allow for frequent checks for understanding and identifying common mistakes so students can learn from them
Using bad exemplars so students can identify how to correct them (example: a poorly written introduction paragraph or sentences with incorrect grammar)
Full transcript