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An abridged Egyptian History from King Farouk to President al-Sisi

Camille Hughes

on 29 October 2014

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Transcript of Egyptian

Egyptian History in Political Cartoons
Farouk succeeds his father Fuad I as King of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes President and nationalizes the Suez Canal
Nasser dies and is replaced by his Vice-President Anwar al-Sadat
Yom Kippur War / Arab-Israel War 1973
Egypt and Syria go to war with Israel to reclaim the land they lost in the 1967 Six-Day War
Talks of Peace between Egypt and Israel
Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel is signed, Egypt is excluded from Arab League
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, and Syria attack the one-day old State of Israel
Military coup overthrows King Farouk;
Republic is declared in Egypt
Leaders of coup are Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser.
In 1953, Naguib becomes President and declares Egypt a republic.
President Aswar al-Sadat is assassinated by extremist branch of Muslim Brotherhood
Under pressure from military coup, King Farouk abdicates throne and gives power to his infant son, now King Faud II
Nasser becomes Prime Minister in 1954
British forces leave Egypt with the signing of the Evacuation Treaty after 74 years of occupation at the Suez Canal
Nasser secretly calls for the seizure of the Suez Canal by uttering a series of code words over the air.
Nasser takes the canal as leverage against other countries to pay for the Aswan High Dam.
Six-Day War;
Israel defeats Arab forces, takes Sinai
Period of high tension before war broke out; Israel threatens to invade Syria in response to PLO sabotage attacks against Israeli targets, Egypt moves forces into its Sinai Peninsula, Egyptian government orders UN Peacekeepers expelled from Sinai and closes Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping
On June 5, Israel launches surprise attacks on Egyptian forces and within six days takes control of the Sinai Pennisula
Nasser resigns
"Nasser the Comeback Kid"
Despite resignation, Nasser is restored as President due to public opinion
"The Architect of Arab Nation"
"Kosygin of the U.S.S.R. laments the death of Nasser and Soviet influence in Egypt"
Quite prophetic because although Sadat signs Treaty of Friendship with Soviet Union in 1971, he ends the Treaty in 1976.
Anwar al-Sadat becomes President
"Muammar Qaddafi, Anwar Sadat, Moshe Dayan, King Hussein of Jordan"
"President Sadat of Egypt told his front-line troops that all hopes of peace had died and that his decision was to fight."
Egypt and Syria launch a surprise attack on Israel
With the help of Kissinger, talks of peace between Egypt/Syria and Israel begin
"Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat became the first Arab leader to visit Israel. His dramatic trip stunned the world by extending a hand to Israel in his quest for peace."
Camp David Accords for Peace are signed in 1978
*Cartoonist is Israeli
National referendum approves Hosni Mubarak as new president, 30 year rule begins
Anti-Mubarak Protests begin
Muslim Brotherhood fails to win any seats in upper house in Parliament, people believe vote was rigged
In February, Mubarak steps down and hands power to army council
Violence in Tahrir Square between Security forces/Military and Protestors
First free Presidential Poll, Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammad Morsi is elected
Morsi elected President but Military remains in control
Military removes President Morsi due to mass public demonstrations
Former army chief Abdul Fattah al-Sisi wins Presidential elections
Full transcript