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Integration Techniques: More than meets the eye

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Charlotte Maxwell

on 16 November 2014

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Transcript of Integration Techniques: More than meets the eye

Integration Techniques: More than meets the eye
History and Development
Is it worth it do we ask?


Brinkmann (2008)
"Art and Science of Digital Compositing"
suggests efficiency is what will be significant to it's success in the animation field.

There are limits
Time
Budget
Technology

So Why do we do it?
Advantages
Excellent for creating shots in bad weather, if it's too dangerous, or simply impossible to capture
Blends with live action if completed properly.

Disadvantages
Time consuming
Budget
Technology
Difficult
Many films now days use Maya, After Effects, Photoshop, and other similar software to bring 3D animated elements to fit the Live action Films
3D animation and the Real World
The Lord of the Rings trilogy includes substantial amounts of animation interspersed through out the live action, though it may not be recognized as such because of the animation's realistic appearance.
When integrating two elements together, it comes down to editing plates to suit eachother.
How it works
Bringing together animation and live action
The meeting of Worlds
Understanding lens information
Charlie Maxwell and Emma Mc Cay
"The ability to composite one element of film over another; or integrating animation and live action into one
seamless
piece of film" (Sphere VFX Ltd, 2012, p.1)
During the 1920's Norman Dawn refined the film trickery by using pieces of cardboard to prevent film exposure so that different sequences could be exposed onto them later.
As the industry has progressed through time, we have developed more sophisticated techniques with more exact positioning, and better interaction of actors and animated elements.
YOUTUBE. 1895. The Enchanted Drawing (Online) Available from Accessed from: 25th March 2008.
Every frame of a live action film could be traced using rotoscoping, and an animator could add their work to the film this way.
As digital special effects became more efficient when combining live-action and animation it has become more common to see this in films.
“In my mind, it isn't animation, unless it looks like animation.” -Roger Ebert, Film Critic
Integration
So what is it?
Blending
the two or more elements into the one plate, and somehow making it fit in with the rest of the footage.
Before integration of 3D Animation or modeling for live action occurs, working out lens information is vital.
Background plate will need to match your foreground plate before compositing things
together
.
Then
compositing can occur:

A lot of these techniques use filters to create their effects.

Motion blur
Lens distortion
light and colour
Edge Softening
Bokeh
lens flares
And understanding this will make you a good integrator
John Lasseter has suggested in an interview there
are limits
, but it's
what you do with the technology
is what makes it worth while.
"As a new media artist, I am exploring digital animation and manipulation techniques to recreate cinematic language, and to develop innovative principles""
-Christian Bolewski (Chong, 2008, p.116).
"I prefer animation reach into places where live action doesn't go, and it seems like all of animation nowadays is trying to go where live action is"
-Don Bluth (Chong, 2008, p.132)
Oscar Rejlander:
nationalmediamuseumblog.wordpress.com
Alfred Clark: www.stevenbenedict.ie/2013/12/mementos
George Melies: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Melies
Bibliography
Integration Techniques (Sphere VFX Ltd, 2012)

Basics Animation (A. Chong, 2008)

Art and Science of Compositing (Brinkmann,2008)

Clips from Youtube
Full transcript