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Cantus Index - Prague presentation 2015/01/19

From medieval manuscirpts to an online research network
by

Jan Koláček

on 19 January 2015

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Transcript of Cantus Index - Prague presentation 2015/01/19

Cantus Index
Graz, Universitätsbibliothek, 29
14th-century antiphoner
in two volumes (with A-Gu 30) from the Abbey of
Sankt Lambrecht
(Steiermark, Austria). Monastic cursus. 382 fols.
Responsory:
Ecce dies veniunt dicit dominus et suscitabo David germen justum et regnabit rex et sapiens erit et faciet judicium et justitiam in terra et hoc est nomen quod vocabunt eum dominus justus noster
How has this responsory been catalogued?
An Index of Gregorian Chant
by J. R. Bryden & D. G. Hughes (Cambridge,
1969)
How are the melodies encoded?



Numerical coding system
Melody incipit = the first eight changes of pitch
The chants are ordered by numerical melodic codes



2 main problems:
not possible to find melody fragments inside the melodies
long and demanding search process
(founded 2009, developed by Jan Koláček)
www.globalchant.org
digitized
Index of Gregorian Chant
+ references to the Cantus Database melodies
...to an
online research network

From
medieval manuscripts
...
Global Chant Database
Volpiano font
Simplified:
1--g-f-g-c-d-f-g-h-g

Standard melody:
1--g-gfg--c-d--fghg-fg-g--k-kl
Encoding of the melody
Ecce dies veniunt:
Used in the Cantus Database
CANTUS Database
http://cantus.uwaterloo.ca
University of Waterloo, Canada
Project Manager: Debra Lacoste
Project Developer: Jan Koláček
Founded in 1980s
The Catholic University of America (1980-97)
The University of Western Ontario (1998-2010)
The University of Waterloo (2010-now)
176
indices of sources
436.000
+ chants
12 sources
compared by Hesbert in CAO:
Cantus ID numbers based on:

Hesbert, Dom René-Jean
Corpus Antiphonalium Officii

(
CAO
) 6 vols. Rome: Herder, 1963-79
How to deal with the chants which are not found in Hesbert's CAO?
They need new Cantus IDs!
PRIMARY FUNCTION:
System for
automatic assigning of Cantus IDs
Database of all
Cantus IDs
SECONDARY FUNCTIONS:

System for searching
in external manuscript databases
Analysis tools
(similarity of sources, liturgical traditions)
Suggestions of chants
in indexing tools of the manuscript databases
http://cantusindex.org
Founded in 2012

Debra Lacoste (University of Waterloo)
Jan Koláček (Charles University in Prague)
Elsa De Luca (Universidad Nova de Lisboa)
Fields:
Source
Folio
Sequence
Cantus ID
Full text (MS version)
Genre
Feast
Liturgical position
Mode
Differentia
Final pitch
Melody (Volpiano font)
Fields:
Cantus ID (unique key)
Full text (standardized)
Genre
Chant record in manuscript databases:
Accurate description of a specific chant in a specific manuscript
Chant record in Cantus Index:

General information to classify chants in manuscripts
Cantus Index
represents
Catalogue of animal species
with their

Latin names
(Cantus IDs)
and general description
(Full text of a chant)
MS Databases
represent
Exact description of a
specific animal (
chant
)
found in a specific nature reserve (
source
)
Biological parallel
Biological parallel
Cantus Index
Manuscript Databases
Each record (chant) is related to a specific source and folio
No relation to a specific manuscript / source
Thank you!
Full transcript