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Answering Disadvantages on the Affirmative

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by

Chris Baron

on 17 May 2014

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Transcript of Answering Disadvantages on the Affirmative

Offense: We Turn That!
Always turn the DA
Link Turn: The plan stops the impact
Impact Turn: The impact is good
Turn even without cards
Read uniqueness to your link turns
Use your Affirmative
Disadvantages are the primary offensive tool for the negative
The Affirmative must be able to show the benefits outweigh the drawbacks
Negatives can go "all in" on DAs
A Classic Debate
Use Turns Strategically
Use uniqueness with link turns
Don't "double turn" yourself
Extend turns when DA is dropped
The "straight turn" strategy
Sample 2AC
Deficit Spending DA answers
1. No Link: The plan is cheap
2. No Internal Link: Spending will trade off: no deficit spending
3. No Internal Link: Deficit spending won't hurt the economy
4. Non Unique: Economy bad now
5. Empirically Denied: USFG just spent $ on infrastructure
6. No Impact: Economic decline won't cause war
7. Impact Turn: A weak economy will save the environment
Disadvantages/DAs
Defense: Neutralize the DA
In the 2AC
Answering Disadvantages on the Affirmative
Aligned with CDL Benchmark 28:
Offense, defense, and impact calculus against negative off-case arguments

No Link
: Plan won't be noticed
No Internal link
: Approval not key to agenda
Non Unique
: President currently unpopular
Empirically Denied
: Recent legislation didn't help president
No Impact
: Agenda won't accomplish anything
No Threshold/brink/time frame
Use 2AC Frontline for common DAs
Have a template on paper or in your head for unexpected DAs
Make
at least
4 answers to each DA
Create your own structure
Malcolm X: Affirmative
"Build a separate Black Nation State"
James Farmer: Negative
"Targeting DA"

In the 1AR
Extend 2AC answers by number and name
Answer negative block, but stick to 2AC structure
Keep options open for 2AR
In the 2AR
Pick and choose key answers
Do impact calculus
Even if...
Extend dropped turns
SPENDING DA
A. Uniqueness: Congress has new limits on spending
B. Link: The plan's deficit spending triggers runaway spending
C. A runaway deficit collapses the economy
D. Impact: Economic decline triggers nuclear war
Hone the best frontlines
Use current events
Make "analyticals"
Research common DAs
Exploit weaknesses
Use affirmative
Make the best answers
Politics DA
A. Uniqueness: President's Approval Rating High Now
B. Link: Plan Damages President's Approval Rating -- Is Highly Unpopular
C. Internal Link: High Approval Rating Required to Get Agenda Passed
D. Impact: Passage of Presidential Agenda Will Save the World
LINK TURN: Plan helps approval: Is Popular
IMPACT TURN: The Agenda will end the world
Impact Calculus
Magnitude X Probability=Risk
Consider credibility of argument
Think like a judge
Direct judge to evidence that will do the calculus for her

Affirmative impacts
Magnitude X Probability
Negative impacts
Magnitude X Probability
Sample Disad: Politics
A. Uniqueness: President's Approval Rating High Now
B. Link: Plan Damages President's Approval Rating -- Is Highly Unpopular
C. Internal Link: High Approval Rating Required to Get Agenda Passed
D. Impact: Passage of Presidential Agenda Will Save the World
Defensive Aff Answers
Full transcript