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Fine Arts Mesopotamian Art

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by

Michelle Hill

on 14 September 2016

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Transcript of Fine Arts Mesopotamian Art

Mesopotamian Art
This is a receipt for beer sales
Mesopotamia is Greek for "between rivers"
Neo-Babylonian Empire
626 BCE–539 BCE

Assyrian Empire
934-605 BCE

Babylon c. 1900-1500 BCE

c.950 BCE

Hebrews 2000 BCE-?

Persian Empire c. 550 BCE–330 BCE

Akkadian Empire
2334 BCE–2154 BCE

Sumer c. 4100-2100 BCE
Epic of Gilgamesh
Ishtar Panel c. 1800 BCE, Babylon
Ziggurat of Ur
2100 BCE
Clay envelope
and tokens
3300 BCE
Tell Asmar Statues
c. 2900-2500 BCE
Lyre of Ur c. 2500 BCE
Flood Tablet 7th century BCE
Standard of Ur
2600 BCE
Stele of
Hammurabi
c. 1750 BCE
Ashurnasirpal II Hunting Lions, (883-859 BCE)
Ishtar Gate 575 BCE
Persepolis c. 515 BCE
Indirect Lost-wax Casting
A casting method that produces multiple bronzes from a single model. A wax model was prepared in the form of the desired bronze figure (A). A plaster piece mold would be prepared around the model, then disassembled and the model removed (B). The mold was reassembled, tightly bound, and used to cast a wax copy in several parts. For solid parts, the mold was filled with hot wax (C). For hollow parts, the wax was swirled inside the mold and the excess poured out (D). The remaining wax shell was filled with a mixture of plaster and sand, forming a core, and the wax with its core was then removed from the mold (E). The wax parts were joined and finished, and fine iron wires were inserted to secure the core (F). Channels were added to the wax model to allow the molten bronze to be poured in and gases to escape (G). This assembly was then encased in a plaster mixture (H). The plaster mold was heated and dried. The wax was melted out, leaving a void in the shape of the model, and the plaster core suspended inside by the iron wires (I). Molten bronze was poured in, surrounding the core and filling every part of the mold (J). The channels and core pins were removed from the cast and the surface was cleaned, chased, and polished (K).
Synagogue,
Dura Europos,
2nd-3rd
century BCE
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