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Use of Distributed Smart Cameras for research in ecology: The case of the lesser kestrel

Key talk at the International Conference of Distributed Smart Cameras, Seville 8-11 September 2015

Javier Bustamante

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of Use of Distributed Smart Cameras for research in ecology: The case of the lesser kestrel

Model species for
research at DBS
Traditional research in ecology
HORUS project
Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for long term research in ecology
Cameras in field ecology
Why is it interesting for research?
Endangered species
Use of distributed smart cameras for research in ecology: the case of the lesser kestrel
Dr Javier Bustamante
Doñana Biological Station (CSIC)

9th International Conference on Distributed Smart Cameras
Seville, 8-11 September 2015

The Lesser kestrel
Steppes & cultivated lands
nests in buildings
Camera traps
Video-recording of nests
Submarine video-recording
AVEDs : Animal-borne video and environmental data collection systems
Remote under water video (with or without bait)
Diver operated video
Towed video
Alternatives to diver based, fishing or acoustic techniques
1956 Gysel & Davis automatic fotographic unit baited with dove eggs to study egg predation
1959 Royama description of "autocinematic food recorder", triggered photos of the prey at the bill of great tits
Review: Cox et al. (2012). Video surveyance of nesting birds. Studies in avian biology (43)
327 papers
Review: Mccallum 2012. Mammal review. 414 papers
To study mammals
Mainly carnivores > felids > tigers
population studies, biodiversity surveys, mark-recapture studies
Photo identification of cetaceans
(Falco naumanni)
Predator: end food chain
High variability
in breeding success
Breeds in buildings
PhD Thesis works
Juan José Negro (1991)
José Luis Tella (1996)
David Serrano (2003)
Carlos Rodríguez (2004)
Esperanza Ursúa (2006)
Miguel Alcaide (2008)
Airám Rodríguez (2012)
Jesús Hernández-Pliego (on going)
495 papers in WoK
24 % in Spain
15% by researchers from Doñana

Photo identification software for wildlife
Digital video cameras
PDAs or smartphones with Cybertracker
Alfanumeric darvic rings with RFID tags
Study colony
Lesser kestrel nest on the window sill, La Palma del Condado (Huelva, Spain)
Smart nest-box
Automatic recording of body weight
Windows modified to install nest-boxes
...distance triggered capture of breeders
network design
location of nest-boxes
Sensor network
Video monitoring of nests
Scientific outreach
...project can be followed by interested citizens
Which kestrels visit the colony?
B[7.T] female 6 years old
RFID= 5102874
Year 2012
Number of RFID recorded at the colony per day
48 different individuals at the colony in 2012
No. days recorded at the colony
vs. No. of readings of the RIFD tag (2012)
No. readings
No. days
Nests visited by a female in 2012
When each individual arrived?
...and when they departed
How sexes share incubation
Female 70%
Male 30%

Female 50%
Male 50%
Analysis of video sequences
Correct body-weight?
Attribute to the right kestrel?
What happens outside the colony?
Potential of Computer vision
& Smart Distributed Cameras in Ecology
Cameras increasingly used
but not very smart
Most research applied to human (face, pose recognition, tracking)
Enormous potential field with animals
Growing market
on environmental monitoring
Potential collaboration
Big volume of data
Test bed for algorithms (recognition, identification, tracking, behaviour)
Underwater video techniques for observing coastal marine biodiversity: A review of sixty years of publications (1952–2012)
Delphine Mallet , Dominique Pelletiera

Fisheries Research 154 (2014) 44–62

182 papers
A new ‘view’ of ecology and conservation through animal-borne video systems (2007)
Remington J. Moll, Joshua J. Millspaugh, Jeff Beringer, Joel Sartwell and Zhihai He. TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution Vol.22 No.12

Animal-borne imaging takes the wing the dawn of‘wildlife video-tracking’
(2008) Christian Rutz* and Lucas A. Bluff

TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution Vol.23 No.6

14 g camera
1 frame per day (midnight)
Juan José Negro
Carlos Rodríguez
Manuel Baena
Airám Rodríguez
Jesús Marín
Jesús Hernández-Pliego
Julio Barbancho (US)
Diego Larios (US)

Consejería Innovación Junta de Andalucía

Full transcript