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The Internet of Impact (OECD)

Interoperable data for Social Impact Investing: Quality, Comparability, Intelligibility
by

Karl H Richter

on 1 December 2016

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Transcript of The Internet of Impact (OECD)

Internet of Impact
The
Interoperable data
for
Social Impact Investing
(SII)

1969
ARPANET
Internet
1989
Interoperable
data
Markup language (html...xml)
A structured framework for exchanging data
Readable by people and machines
2015
Social Impact
Investing data
Challenge:

data not yet
comparable
Karl H Richter
Fragmentation
Standards for the Internet/ html are set by:
World Wide Web Consortium
Defining colours
Example:
W3C standards library
Do we want
a centralised standards body
for Social Impact investing?
To consolidate:
B-Corp, BSC Outcomes Matrix, EVPA, EXIST, GIIRS, IRIS,
Open Bank Project, Social Stock Exchange, SODA, SPI, SROI ...etc
What lessons can SII learn?
The
(W3C)
Web 2.0
Data standards community
Imagine...
Learning lessons from WC3, html and API paradigms
1. Common industry data standards
An international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop Web standards.

Led by Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee and CEO Jeffrey Jaffe, W3C's mission is to lead the Web to its full potential.
Pluralistic approach
Name
RGB
Red
Green
Blue
CODE
Reference
"Red"
"255,0,0"
"#FF0000"
Centralised standards body
One-way publishing
Yes, No, Maybe
...can we learn more from the modern web?
What could a data sharing community for SII look like?
Multiple definitional interpretations of SII
SII data originators & data aggregators
publish data protocols

for accessing, interpreting and sharing data

Industry authorities, funders and regulators,
publish their reporting requirements

as data protocols
In a format
readable by machines and people
Easier for data processors and software vendors to structure and share data
Industry consensus:
Common agreement
Directory of industry data protocols
(modular, distributed - similar to API directory)
Single library (similar to W3C library)
A data framework
Not full consensus:
Coordinated multilateral agreements
Imagine...
Foundation:
2.

P2P

dat
a p
ro
toc
ols

sta
ck
API Directory
Quality - Comparability - Intelligibility
(Collaborative/ industry led)
(Author to reader, not bi-directional)
User-generated content
Interoperability - opening up of data structures
Balance collaborative & commercial interests
Voluntary regime of content sharing
(to enable content sharing)
(control over privacy)
(P2P & distributed network)
An example...
1.
2.
3.
API
Application
Program
Interface

A 'lingua franca' for sharing data

Protocols for structuring data
with matching keys

How ?
Modular
Distributed (...curated)
Inclusive - defined by anyone

Adaptable... able to evolve
Challenge:

data not yet
comparable
Fragmentation
How would this improve the status quo?
Internet
of
Impact
What would we need to create
an Internet of Impact
?
Better
of data
quality
comparability
intelligibility
{
}
Make it easier to (voluntarily) share data
Goal:
Common standards and protocols to structure data
Data interoperability
Paradigm shift
What key functions and roles are required?
Is it desirable to create a global framework for structuring SII data?
Discussion:
incorporating lessons from relevant precedents e.g.ISDA, FpML, <IR>, GRI etc... (Screenshots) & and alignment with existing social sector initatives e.g. GIIN, OECD, GVE etc.
How could we shape this framework?
Full transcript