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A brief history of

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Kerry Taylor-Smith

on 27 April 2015

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Transcript of A brief history of

800 BC
A brief history of forensic science
Pre-700 BC
The Chinese use fingerprints on clay tablets transactions.
1200
1500
1800
1900
1920
1940
1960
1980
2000
250 BC
Erasistratus, an ancient Greek physician, discovers that his patients’ pulse rates increase when they are telling
lies.
1200s
First forensic autopsies are done at the University
of Bologna.
1892
Sir Francis Galton publishes his classic textbook
Finger Prints that included a method for classifying
fingerprints.
1247
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek first employs a microscope to
see living bacteria.
1683
1598
Italian doctor, Fortunatus Fidelis is recognised as being
the first person to practice modern forensic medicine.
Sung Tzu publishes
The Washing Away of Wrongs
, the first
forensic text.
1901
Karl Landsteiner delineates the ABO blood
typing system.
1950
Max Frei-Sulzer develops the tape-life method
of collecting trace evidence.
1974
The detection of gunshot residue using scanning
electron microscopy with electron dispersive X-rays is developed at the aerospace Corporation.
Edmond Locard establishes the first police crime
laboratory, situated in Lyon, France.
1913
Joseph Thomson builds the first mass spectrometer, known
as the hyperbola spectrograph.
1920s
American physician Calvin Goddard creates the
comparison microscope to help determine which bullets
came from which shell casings.
1910
1984
Sir Alec Jeffreys develops the DNA fingerprint method
of isolating and identifying variable elements within the
base-pair sequence of DNA.
2007
Britain’s Forensic Science Service develops online
footwear coding and detection system. this helps
police to identify footwear marks quickly.
2011
Michigan State University develops software that
automatically matches handdrawn facial
sketches to mug shots stored in databases.
2011
Japanese researchers develop a dental x-ray matching
system that can automatically match dental x-rays in a
database in less than 4 seconds.
Full transcript